The Great Lakes Invitational Conference Association

The Situation in Israel/Palestine

The Situation in Israel/Palestine

Tensions between Arab Muslims and Israeli Jews first surfaced in the nineteenth century, as nationalist movements for self-determination began to break up the global imperial order. After the fall of the Ottoman Empire at the end of World War I, the League of Nations granted Great Britain a mandate over Iraq and Transjordan. The latter, once the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan was divided out, became the British Mandate of Palestine, encompassing the present-day boundaries of Israel, the West Bank, and the Gaza Strip. On November 29, 1947, under UN General Assembly Resolution 181, the United Nations split the British Mandate into three territories: the Jewish state of Israel, the state of Palestine, and the international zone of Jerusalem which would be governed by the UN. This decision was followed by numerous conflicts, as well as subsequent peace talks, beginning with the 1948 War – known as the War of Independence to Israelis, and Al Nakba, or “The Chaos,” in Arabic. The most recent manifestation of the dispute resulted in demonstrations at the Al-Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem.

 

The Israeli-Palestinian conflict boils down to the issues of ownership and persecution. On one hand, European Jews were experiencing a great surge of anti-Semitism and persecution in the late 1800s and early 1900s, culminating in the Holocaust. They also traced their religious roots back to the Holy Land of Israel where Jewish kings and prophets once lived and reigned. On the other hand, there are the Palestinians, a group of ethnic Arabs who can trace their connection to the land back for generations. With the passage in 1948 of UN General Assembly Resolution 181, the Palestinians saw the land they had long called home suddenly divided and shared with a group of mostly European Jews. The 1948 War which resulted led to at least 700,000 Palestinian refugees fleeing for Jordan and other regional states. In the nearly 70 years since the creation of the State of Israel, and beginning of the Palestinian refugee crisis, the conflict has only broadened to include other, mostly Arab states in the region, particularly Egypt, Jordan, and Lebanon. As the region’s most enduring and bitter dispute, it has drawn the constant attention of both the UN and major world powers.

 

The most recent iteration of this decades-long conflict took place in Jerusalem at the Al-Aqsa Mosque. The Al-Aqsa Mosque has played a very important role in the history of the conflict as the third most holy site in Islam, and it is situated next to the Kotel, or Western Wall, the most holy site in Judaism. In July 2017, three Palestinian attackers and two Israeli officers were killed in an attack at the entrance to the Mosque. In response, Israel closed the Mosque for Friday prayers, the Muslim equivalent of Christian Sunday services, before reopening with additional cameras and metal detectors in place at the entrances of the Mosque. Palestinians responded with mass prayers in the streets of Jerusalem and a call for Israel to reverse its actions. Though the conflict was resolved with Israel removing the metal detectors, this occurrence serves as a reminder that the Israeli-Palestinian conflict is no closer to being solved than it was in 1948. Looking forward, the international community must examine the effects of the continued conflict in their own countries, the effect of international politics on mediation of the conflict, and the enduring sources of disagreement between the parties.

  • Vaishk
    Vaishk November 9, 2017 Reply

    Special Political and Decolonization Committee
    The Situation in Israel/Palestine
    Afghanistan
    Vaishnavi Krishnan

    After decades of conflict between the predominantly Jewish Israelis and predominantly Muslim Palestinians in possessing a “homeland”, the situation in Israel and Palestine remains unresolved. Following the collapse of the Ottoman Empire in 1918, the areas of modern day Israel and Jordan were placed under British Mandate until region stabilized enough to self-govern. Tensions emerged between Britain and the Jewish and Arab communities because the British had promised both groups the land; for the Jews an “establishment [in the mandate] of a national home for the Jewish people” through the Balfour Declaration and for the Arabs support for the creation of an Arab state with the land through the McMahon-Hussein Correspondences. In an attempt to mediate the tension, the United Nations passed Resolution 181 in 1947, recommending the creation of separate Jewish and Arab states, and a “Special International Regime” to govern the disputed Jerusalem. Though the majority of Israelis approved of the resolution, the Arabs vehemently rejected it and a civil war broke out between the two groups in 1947. Responding to the outbreak of war, the United Nations passed Resolution 194 to negotiate a solution between the Arabs and Israelis. During the Six-Days War in 1967, Israel gained control of the Sinai Peninsula, Golan Heights, West Bank, and Gaza, expanding Israeli territory far beyond what was laid forth in the United Nations’ partition plan. Again, the United Nations attempted to resolve the issue and passed Resolution 242, ordering the withdrawal of Israel from its acquired territory and the recognition of Palestinian and Israeli rights. Unsurprisingly, this was rejected by the countries involved. Since the war, numerous attempts have been made to resolve the conflict unsuccessfully. The Republic of Afghanistan does not recognize Israel as a sovereign nation and supports Palestine’s right to govern their land; however, Afghanistan is open to a two-state solution to promote reconciliation between the two states, provided that Israel abides to the terms set forth by previous and forthcoming agreements.

    As a result of Soviet authority in the late 1900s and Taliban control following their withdrawal, Afghanistan has only recently come to a position where it can engage actively in international affairs. Afghanistan strongly supports Palestinian sovereignty and believes that Israel has violated international law through their actions towards the Palestinian people. Israel has illegally settled in Palestinian territories and has disregarded international requests of removing them. Israel has also denied citizenship to the millions of Palestinian refugees displaced by the civil war. Afghanistan sympathizes with the plight of the Palestinian people and has sent $500,000 in aid to Palestine in 2014, which is the most we are able to financially assist Palestine at the moment as our funds are stretched thin due to conflict concerning the Taliban and other extremist groups. Despite financial limitations, Afghanistan will continue to profoundly support the Palestinian people in other possible ways. Though relations between Afghanistan and Israel have been virtually non-existent during previous presidencies, under our current President Ashraf Ghani, Afghanistan is willing to work with Israel to help the Palestinian people.

    Afghanistan believes that the most viable and effective approach to arbitrate the conflict between Israel and Palestine is by first creating two separate states using the 1967 borders; this allows Israel to maintain its Jewish majority and allows the Palestinian people to have their homeland. Similar to what happened after the two Indian states of Telangana and Andhra Pradesh split, Jerusalem can remain the capital of both countries until they stabilize and reinstate peaceful relations. A two-state solution is contingent on Israel abiding to the resolutions passed by the United Nations and removing settlements in Palestinian territory and Palestine accepting Israel as their neighbor. A peaceful relationship is attainable between the two countries, as demonstrated by the separation of Czechoslovakia into the Czech Republic and Slovakia and the separation of Singapore from Malaysia. Afghanistan also believes that the United Nations must grant membership to Palestine as quickly as possible to allow them greater authority over their situation. The next issue that the United Nations must address with the creation of Palestine is the Hamas government in Gaza, classified by many nations as a terrorist organization. As a new, vulnerable country, Palestine will be highly susceptible to insurgency and will require a peacekeeping mission to control the Hamas and other issues that arise. Lastly, the United Nations must assist in facilitating the movement of refugees back to Palestine and assure that they receive Palestinian citizenship, regardless of whether they relocate back to Palestine. By using a multifaceted approach to conciliate the conflict, Afghanistan believes that the Palestinian people will be able to enjoy the rights and the land that they are entitled to.

  • Gmanv2012
    Gmanv2012 November 9, 2017 Reply

    Special Political and Decolonization Committee
    The Situation in Israel/Palestine
    The Republic of Indonesia
    Gaurang Vaidya

    The conflicts between Israel and Palestine has lasted for nearly a century and has killed thousands of Israelis and Palestinians in the process. The United States is one of many countries who have tried to intervene in this conflict; making agreements that both states will recognize, such as the Camp David, Oslo, and Camp David II accords. These treaties have been disregarded by the governments of both Israel and Palestine. Conflicts have occurred because of Israel’s inability to control its people and their migration to the West Bank. The United Nations considers these settlements in the West Bank illegal but has not presented a resolution. Also, the Special Political and Decolonization Committee must determine how to reduce the number of Israelis on Palestinian land and to halt its aggression towards Palestinian people.

    As a country that was previously under colonial rule, the Republic of Indonesia understands the oppression that the people of the Nation of Palestine endure. In past years the Republic of Indonesia has attempted to achieve Palestinian independence through proposals to foster talks between both states but have failed. The State of Israel has caused the conflict between both states to escalate to the point that may be incurable. The Israeli citizens that have made settlements in the West Bank are committing a crime and are not following the UN General Assembly Resolution 181 (II) which sets distinct borders that each country must follow, and leaves Jerusalem international territory. The Nation of Palestine has obeyed this Resolution; however, the State of Israel has time and time again evaded the borders of The Nation of Palestine. The Republic of Indonesia fully supports The Nation of Palestine and seek its independence, until that day we will be unable to have any diplomatic relations with the State of Israel.

    The Republic of Indonesia proposes that the United Nations rule all Israeli settlements in the Nation of Palestine illegal and work towards the independence of the Nation of Palestine. The Israeli settlements make the conflict between Israel and Palestine more complicated; to lessen the conflict both States to set defined borders that both states recognize. Also, the Republic of Indonesia proposes that the Israeli government reserves the right to tax the Palestinian people to the Palestinian Authority, this will allow for the growth and development of the Palestinian land which as of now is being neglected by the State of Israel. In previous years the State of Israel has collected taxes from the Nation of Palestine, but has limited development of basic forms of recreation in the Nation of Palestine, while Israel is using that money for their prosperity. It is crucial the Special Political and Decolonization committee stand with the people of both the States of Israel and Palestine. The best way for the United Nations to create peace is to remove the Israeli settlements and prevent new Israeli settlements from developing; this can be accomplished by increasing border security between Israel and Palestine. Also, slowly moving settlements back to Israel over the next five to ten years, this can be carried out by providing incentives to those that are willing to move back to Israel’s borders. Those that will not move must apply for Palestinian citizenship and be apart of the Nation of Palestine. The most important resolution is to define borders which both States will recognize with and agree.

  • Evelynbruinsma
    Evelynbruinsma November 10, 2017 Reply

    Special Political and Decolonization Committee
    The Situation in Israel/Palestine
    The Kingdom of Norway
    Evelyn Bruinsma

    The Israeli-Palestinian conflict is an ongoing struggle for control of the land on which both territories reside. Israel is recognized as a country, whereas Palestine is not. In 1948, the United Nations passed resolution 181, which called for the partition of Palestine into Arab and Jewish states. The Arabs opposed this action, as they did not want to share their homeland with the European Jews. As Israel gained more power and land, the Palestinians were forced out of their homes and prohibited from returning. Eventually, a war broke out, and the Palestine lost most of their land. The UN attempted to end the conflict with resolution 141, which called on the UN Conciliation Commission to facilitate tensions between Israel and the Arab states. However, most of the articles were left unfulfilled due to a disagreement in policies by Israel and Palestine. This created a refugee crisis, leaving many people stateless. The Palestinian borders are controlled by the oppressive Israeli forces; many citizens are imprisoned and severely mistreated by these military forces. In July of 2017, there was an attack on the Al-Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem, which resulted in five casualties and the installation of metal detectors and security cameras by the Israeli government. The Palestinians opposed the actions taken by the Israeli government and called for the removal of the security enhancements, to which the government obliged. This shows the extent to which the tensions have risen and why this issue must be resolved.

    The Kingdom of Norway is advocating for Palestine to be recognized as a state and for Palestinians to have rights and citizenship of Palestine. Earlier this year, the Norwegian Confederation of Trade Unions voted in favor of an economic, cultural, and academic boycott of Israel over its treatment of the Palestinians. This newly placed boycott serves to share the Norwegian disappointment of the Israeli treatment of the Palestinians. Israeli Ambassador to Norway, Raphael Schutz, said, “accepting the claim of return for millions of Palestinian refugees and their descendants, not to the Palestinian state but to Israel, means, in reality, the dissolution of the Jewish state.” More than 400,000 Israelis now live in the occupied West Bank and in the Golan Heights. The Norwegian Government considers the Israeli settlements on occupied territory to be a violation of international law. This position is supported by a number of United Nations Security Council resolutions, including declarations by the International Court of Justice and resolutions 465 and 471, both signed by Norway. These resolutions express concern for the Israeli occupation of the Arab territories.

    The Kingdom of Norway urges countries to take measures to combat Israel and their unjust treatment of the Palestinian people. We encourage peaceful attempts to counter this issue, as any forced pressure could cause the Israeli Government to retaliate, either against the rest of the world or against the very people we are trying to help. Our nation suggests that countries follow in the footsteps of Norway and impose and a boycott and/or an embargo against Israel to force them to end the occupation of Palestine. We recommend that nations draft a resolution similar to that of resolution 242, which called on Israel to relinquish the territories acquired during its war with Syria and Egypt and emphasized the necessity of peace, sovereignty, and recognized borders of all states within its boundaries. The most important step for Palestinians to gain their freedom, however, is for Palestine to be recognized as a state by the United Nations, as well as the rest of the world. Only once they are recognized can they gain their independence and citizenship.

  • Irene_Yi
    Irene_Yi November 12, 2017 Reply

    Committee–Special Political and Decolonization
    Topic–Situation in Israel/Palestine
    Country–Republic of Korea (South Korea)

    The Republic of Korea, though located across an entire continent, cares deeply about the Israel/Palestine conflict. This is a conflict with a long history and a conflict that involves two opposing countries within a close vicinity of each other. The Republic of Korea feels for the groups of people involved in this conflict because it resembles the Korean War. Two groups of people, believing in completely different views, are fighting to coexist peacefully–fighting for their own right to live.

    Not too long ago, the world recognized the hundred year anniversary of the 1917 Balfour Declaration. This was the declaration in which Great Britain promised Israelis an official homeland. Palestinians look at this declaration with shame and disgust, but it is what empowered Israel to fight for its place on the land. Because the United States of America supports Israel, and the Republic of Korea is allied with America, our country supports Israel over Palestine. We understand the pain of another nation encroaching upon our land; we understand the need to stand our own ground.

    However, the Republic of Korea sees that this committee is not about argument, but about collaboration. We do not want to suffocate any one group of people. However, we believe that Israel deserves a right to their Jewish homeland as it is one of the only in the world. Palestinians, on the other hand, are surrounded by many Arab countries. The Republic of Korea would be interested in a Two-State solution to the Israel/Palestine conflict, though this solution seems increasingly unlikely in recent years. The Republic of Korea is experienced in handling refugee-related issues and would be willing to help displaced Palestinians with their journey to find a new home.

  • Drew123
    Drew123 November 12, 2017 Reply

    Country: Republic of South Africa
    Committee: Special Political and Decolonization
    Topic: The situation in Israel and Palestine
    Delegate: Drew Thakkar
    School: Grand Blanc High School

    Before we engage in this important debate, it is important to highlight that our Republic’s history stems from a struggle against institutionalized racial segregation and discrimination. South Africa is no stranger to such struggles. We believe this is also the case in Israel, where Arab-Palestinian citizens of Israel have been disenfranchised for a long time.

    To start, the committee needs to reflect on the United Nations Security Council Resolution 2334, which was adopted in late December 2016. The Resolution emphasizes the completely illegal nature of activities undertaken by the Government of Israel that include the building of settlement, the confiscation of land, the demolition of Palestinian property and the displacement of Palestinians. Resolution 2334 conveys the determination of the Security Council that it will not recognize any changes to the internationally agreed lines of the 1949 Armistice Agreements. The Resolution also reiterates the Security Council’s support for the two-state solution and notes that settlement activities are imperiling its viability. Unfortunately, the voting in favor of the resolution has not necessarily helped with the situation, but defined it. Through Resolution 2344, the United Nations has declared that settlement in the Palestinian territories which were occupied in 1967, including East Jerusalem, is illegal. The international community has already told the people of Israel that the key to security and peace is not through occupation, but rather through a carefully crafted peace process.

    South Africa strongly believes that the solution lies in ending the occupation and establishing a Palestinian state to coexist with the state of Israel, based on the 1949 Armistice lines. This defining of the Palestinian cause is an enormous step in the correct direction and the South African delegation urges the United Nations to move forward with this process.

    The committee must also realize that, Israel, as a Member State of the United Nations, is obliged to comply, under Article 25 of the Charter, which mandates that the Members of the United Nations accept and carry out the decisions of the Security Council. Thus, South Africa strongly urges Israel to adhere to all its obligations under international law. Numerous illegal and unilateral Israeli policies, practices, and activities are antithetical to the peace process traditionally accepted by the UN. Continued settlement activities will only undermine Israel’s own security. This would strongly contribute to the radicalization of the entire region.

    South Africa supports every single international effort aimed at brokering a just resolution to the Israeli-Palestine conflict. Additionally, we believe that international peace conferences are an important vehicle to relaunch effective and serious peace talks between the Israelis and Palestinians. South Africa sincerely hopes that these peace conferences should lead to the creation of an independent, free and sovereign Palestinian state coexisting side by side in peace with the Israel, based on the 1949 Armistice Agreement lines, with East Jerusalem as its capital.

    All negotiations between Palestine and Israel should take place within a mutually-agreed framework containing a reasonable timetable and with clear penalties for any party that does not live up to its commitments. The primary responsibility for peace, in the end, falls in the hands of both Palestinians and Israelis. South Africa can only support peaceful dialogue and encourage steps towards greater equality.

  • Clairebenedict
    Clairebenedict November 12, 2017 Reply

    Special Political and Decolonization Committee
    The Situation in Israel/Palestine
    Australia
    Claire Benedict

    The conflict between Israel and Palestine must be dealt with swiftly and effectively in order to preserve life, resources, and create stability in the Middle East. Because of this conflict, thousands have died and 7.2 million Palestinians are refugees. The conditions in Israel, the Gaza Strip, the West Bank, Jordan, and Syria are deteriorating, creating major humanitarian problems concerning safety, food, and shelter for internally and externally displaced persons of Palestine. This conflict, traced back to the foundations of Islam, revolves around the right to land and the recognition of a people, whether Israeli or Palestinian. The conflict was ignited when the United Nation’s General Assembly passed Resolution 181, separating the British mandate of Palestine into the states of Israel and Palestine. This resulted in the 1948 War because Palestinians believed that the creation of the State of Israel violated the principles of national self-determination presented in the UN Charter. The UN has been actively monitoring the situation but has failed to provide direct peace talks due to the bitterness of the fight. Recently, Resolution 67/19 made Palestine a non-member observer state of the UN. In the decades of the conflict, the UN has produced more than 50 resolutions condemning Israel and recently criticized and called for the removal of the Israeli settlements in Palestinian territories through Security Council Resolution 2234. Australia has a strong historical, commercial, and brotherly relationship with Israel and is concerned for the financial and political stability of the whole region because of this conflict. The Special Political and Decolonization Committee has a responsibility to facilitate peace as quickly as possible and begin the rebuilding process.

    Historically, Australia was one of the countries that helped create the State of Israel and it has been close allies with the Israel ever since. On the other hand, Australia does not have any diplomatic relations with Palestine. The Israeli-Palestinian conflict is prevalent in Australia because on top of being a close ally, Israel is a close trading partner, totaling 1.3 billion dollars of trade with Australia in 2015-16. It is imperative to the health of the Middle Eastern economy that this conflict is resolved swiftly. Recently, the UN passed Resolution 2234, criticizing the expansion of Israeli settlements in West Bank and East Jerusalem. Australia is one of the only countries that has stood by Israel, as this deeply unsettling resolution is one-sidedly targeting Israel. However, Australia has had a long-standing support of the Middle East peace process that should not be understated. Through 43 million dollars in aid in the last year and a projected 48.8 million dollars this next year, Australia is working to improve public financial management in Palestine, create a more competitive agricultural economy, and provide access to quality basic services for refugees. Australia is supporting agriculture as a driver of economic growth and a tool for strengthening community through the third phase of the Australian Middle East NGO Cooperation Agreement. We are also supporting United Nations Relief and Works Agency in order provide education and health services to Palestinians and to improve living conditions in refugee camps.

    Australia would like to reiterate that we are still in agreement with the two-state solution, where the Israeli people and Palestinian people live in harmony as a result of direct negotiations between them. Dialogue between Israel and Palestine is imperative to the peace process. In order for these talks to be successful, Palestinians must recognize that the State of Israel has the fundamental right to exist and will continue to exist. Once the two states are outlined, a development program should be focused on strengthening the economy, building institutional capacity, and providing services the recovering area.

  • Yuyuan_Luo
    Yuyuan_Luo November 13, 2017 Reply

    Special Political and Decolonization Committee
    The Situation in Israel/Palestine
    Pakistan
    Yuyuan Luo

    Started in the beginning of the 20th century, the conflict between the two peoples – the Palestinian Arabs and the Israeli Jews – has never terminated. The history consists of Israel continuing to seize more and more land from the Palestinians. Palestinian territory, which now is consisted of only the Gaza Strip and West Bank, is under military occupation by the Israelis, but of course, it cannot be recognized as Israeli territory as per the UN charter, it is inadmissible to acquire territory by force. Nevertheless, as Israel continues to occupy Palestine, the human conditions in Palestine continues to worsen. The territories of Israel and Palestine are segregated, and the borders are carefully monitored to restrict the movement goods and people into the Gaza Strip. Severe violations of human rights have also been imposed on the people of the Gaza Strip and West Bank by Israelis. Further, the transfer and settlement of Israeli citizens in the West Bank has been facilitated by the Israeli government. Much less two nations living peaceably side by side as envisioned in the 1948 partition, the case of Israel and Palestine has been bloody and one of oppression.

    The Islamic Republic of Pakistan is strongly in support of the two-state solution. Much like our own break away from India, Pakistan looks favorably upon an arrangement for the two nations to live separately while mostly in peace. Such an arrangement has been presented in 1948. However, Israel is not satisfied with such a solution, seizing more and more land from the Palestinians, who called the land home for more than 1400 years before the Jews came. As part of our guiding principals of our foreign policy, Pakistan will never be found lacking in extending its material and moral support to the oppressed and suppressed peoples of the world, and in upholding the principles of the United Nations Charter. Therefore, we are in support of the Palestinians and are willing to support a cause that aids the Palestinian people against the glaring violations of human rights.

    The international community has taken many actions, in the forms of various treaties, agreements, and resolutions. The United Nations has passed many resolutions, several recently, on the topics of the rights of Palestinian people to self-determination, Economic and social repercussions of the Israeli occupation on the living conditions of the Palestinian people, as well as Israeli settlements in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. These resolutions have been largely unsuccessful as conditions in the Palestinian Territory continue to deteriorate. Israel would not cooperate. Pakistan believes that it is time to look to measures such as economic sanctions.

    Pakistan believes that actions must be taken to freeze the continuation of Israeli settlements in Palestinian territory and that the Israeli occupation of the territory should be condemned. Pakistan would also view with a favorable light upon the recognition by all of Palestine as a nation, though that may exceed the scope of the committee and does not seem likely in the near future. Further, Pakistan would support a solution that involves aiding the people of Palestine in the fight against oppression and human rights violations. To achieve these objectives, economic measures might be taken, as Israel is evidently unwilling to cooperate. However, Pakistan would not be in favor in any military involvements as Pakistan seeks non-aggression and peaceful settlement of disputes.

  • Jkillman
    Jkillman November 13, 2017 Reply

    Committee: Special Political
    Topic: Situation In Israel/Palestine
    Country: Saudi Arabia

    For the past five decades, there has been dispute between the two nations of Israel and Palestine regarding the claim for the “holy land”. With tensions rising from both the jewish and arab states, it comes down to rights of ownership and persecution of religion. Since 1967, Saudi Arabia has been siding with their bothering arab nation that Palestine should have claim to their holy land dating back to the Quran, but also “in support of initiating peace and stability to all nations and guarantees a just, lasting, and comprehensive solution to the Arab-Israeli conflict”- Prince Mohammed bin Salam. As of now, Saudi Arabia also lacks diplomatic relations with Israel, and does not recognize them as a state while they hold control of land in holy sites in Jewersalum.
    “Saudi Arabia in the past, now, and in the future will do all it can to support the Palestinian people in their claim for the return of their own land and for self-determination in their own state.”- Prince Mohammed bin Salam. The Kingdom of Saudi arabia has condemned the racial segregation wall that Israel is building to separate them from Palestinian reserves. Also, in 1980, Saudi Arabia passed resolution 478 in the UN, that called for foreign missions to be withdrawn from the Al Qods. King Salman bin Abdulaziz says that “One of the most important principles are to adhere to international treaties, conventions, and charters” that will help end the conflict.
    During our time in committee, The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia would like to work toward a resolution that can help Palestine reclaim their rightful homeland. By doing, so there could bring a peaceful ending to the conflict, without any hesitation from each side.

  • Animalsrule74
    Animalsrule74 November 13, 2017 Reply

    Committee: Special Political and Decolonization 
Topic Area A: Palestinian-Israeli Conflict
Country: Syrian Arab Republic 
Delegate: Anne McCarthy

    The Syrian Arab Republic would like to stress its dissatisfaction with Israel, especially in its regard to the Syrian Golan. After multiple UN meetings and resolutions over the debate on the Syrian Golan, Israel still does not release the land back to the rightful owners: the Syrian Arab Republic. Before the Israeli occupation of the Syrian Golan, the land was home to 140,000 Syrians, which led to those Syrians being forced out of their homes and never being able to return even to this day. The Israeli’s demolished the buildings upon the land and even robbed gravesite, yet there has been no help from the UN to force the country to follow the multitude of resolutions from the Security Council like Resolution 479 in 1981, which confirms the illegality of Israel’s annexation of the Golan The Syrian Arab Republic has the right to that land. In September of this year, Israeli warplanes fired missiles near Maysaf and killed two army personal and damaged the site. The Syrian Arab Republic will not let this act slide unpunished. Not only have they performed multiple strikes on the Syrian Arab Republic, but Israel has gone to extremes in order to help ISIS terrorists launch attacks on the government and people. The Syrian Arab Republic cannot support any help to Israel after so many harsh misconducts and mistreatment.
    The Syrian Arab Republic is here to help the Palestinians who have been wronged by the Israelis again and again. The Syrian Arab Republic has been a static partner to Palestinian refugees and groups who help restore the land back to the Palestinian people. In 1948, around 90,000 Palestinians refuges fled to Syria and has been a home to the PLO over time. In regards to another group advocating for liberation of Palestine, The Syrian Arab Republic has had a tumultuous relationship in the past. In 1976 to 1982, the Hamas spurred an uprising against the Syrian regime, resulting in thousands of civilian deaths. The Syrian Arab Republic wishes not to help the Hamas if they continue in the path from the past, but the Syrian Arab Republic could be swayed to help support the group if they continue their strides to repair the bad relations between them and the Syrian regime.
    As exemplified in the past and present, the Syrian Arab Republic is willing to aid the Palestinians in the conflict, but the Syrian Arab Republic will not help Israel in any form. A possible resolution could be to have the Security Council speak on the subject, but the Syrian Arab Republic also knows that even if a resolution is agreed upon, the Israeli government will not follow through with the agreement. Since the resolution must stay peaceful, as dictated by Article 12 in the charter, the committee should at least support and send help to the groups trying to liberate Palestine. The Syrian Arab Republic would be most satisfied if the problem of the Syrian Golan could be officially resolved by forcing Israel to recede from its occupied territories, including the Golan, and follow Security Council Resolution 242 from 1967, which would give Palestine land back as well.

  • Riley.t.wilson
    Riley.t.wilson November 14, 2017 Reply

    Committee–Special Political and Decolonization
    Topic–Situation in Israel/Palestine
    Country–Yemen

    The Arab-Israeli conflict is one of the greatest and longest lasting in the history of the world, and has created a large humanitarian crisis in the area. There are more than 5 million Palestinian refugees in the Middle East alone, and that number is ever growing because of the violence created by Israel against the Palestinian peoples. The loss of life is also unacceptable, in fact, between 1945 and 1995 alone, 92,000 have been killed on both sides.

    Attempts to solve the conflict have been thus far unsuccessful, which means it is time for different and progressive ideas to help advance peace and protect the people of Palestine. Yemen supports a re-imagination of the “Arab Peace Initiative”, a proposal written in 2002 and stipulates, among other things, that Israel affirms 1967 borders, help solve the refugee problem, and recognize an independent Palestine. We believe and updated version of this initiative should be the basis of any resolution considered by this council.

    Another consideration of any resolution should be the condemnation of Israeli settlement camps. Although the Security Council Resolution 2334 dealt with the issue, it is important that we recognize the seriousness of the issue, and do what we can to prevent it from continuing, as it proliferates the loss of life and territory for Palestine.

    It is time for us to both find new solutions to solve an old problem, and to help the country of Palestine and prevent further violence stemming from oppression by Israel from continuing.

  • Maddiejones223
    Maddiejones223 November 14, 2017 Reply

    Committee: Special Political and Decolonization
    
Topic Area : Palestinian-Israeli Conflict

    Country: Japan
    Delegate: Madeline Jones

    Comprehensive peace in the Middle East is of great interest to Japan, as it will ease tension within the area and allow for a great extent of prosperity for all parties.

    Japan supports a two-state solution and only through peaceful negotiations with origins in UN Security Council Resolutions, the Madrid Principles, the Roadmap, and the Arab Peace Initiative. We are currently seeking this peace through political dialogue, promoting confidence-building between Israel and Palestine, and economic assistance of Palestine. We affirm that Israeli settlement activities in the West Bank are against international law and all settlement should be suspended. Japan supports the future independent state of Palestinians and therefore have supported the UN General Assembly resolution to accord Palestine Nonmember Observer State status in November 2012.

    Japan also supports the notion that borders under a two-state solution should be defined through negotiation, that the final status of Jerusalem should be resolved through negotiations, and the problem of refugees should be resolved through negotiations all in a fair manner. In order to aid Palestine in these fair negotiations, we have commited 1.4 billion US dollars to minimize the issues faced by Palestinians in West Bank and the Gaza Strip by contributing to economic development. Japan is committed to a continuation of aid to build a viable Palestinian state. We are also committed to tangent efforts such as through the Conference on the Cooperation among East Asian countries for Palestinian Development (CEAPAD) and the Corridor for Peace and Prosperity Initiative.

    Japan would like to reiterate its continued support of peaceful negotiations as well as improvement of Palestinian conditions including economic situation and refugees. We commit to a continued effort in assisting the UN Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East as well as all aforementioned parties. Progress towards peace in the Middle East will be incredibly beneficial to international peace and is at the forefront of Japan’s agenda.

  • Ellaschnefke
    Ellaschnefke November 14, 2017 Reply

    Special Political
    Isreali Palestinian Crisis
    Lebanon
    Ella Schnefke

    Because Israel and Lebanon have never signed a peace accord, the countries remain officially in a state of war that has existed since 1948 when Lebanon joined other Arab nations against the newly formed Jewish state. Under pressure from staunch anti-Israeli Arab regimes in 1969, Lebanon signed an agreement that effectively gave away a southern region for Palestinian guerrillas to use as a springboard to infiltrate Israel or launch cross-border attacks.The Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) recruited militants in Lebanon from among the families of Palestinian refugees who had been expelled or fled due to the creation of Israel in 1948. When Lebanese Prime Minister Saad al-Hariri met with members of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee in 2010, He told the assembled lawmakers that the U.S. had to solve the Israeli-Palestinian conflict before it could make progress on those other pressing regional issues. Though US lawmakers listened, little action has been taken. Palestine insurgency in the southern region of Lebanon is what is most at risk. Since the civil war, Israel has routinely breached Lebanese airspace, waters, and borders, which is illegal since it violates Lebanon’s territory and United Nations Security Council Resolution 425 and 1701.The most frequent breaches are overflights by Israeli warplanes and drones; such violations have occurred since the inception of the Israeli–Lebanese conflict, and have happened continuously and almost daily since the 2006 Lebanon war, being the source of much conflict between Lebanon and Israel.Israeli warplanes sometimes stage mock attacks on Lebanese cities, and emit sonic booms that frighten civilians.
    At sea, Israeli gunboats have shot into Lebanese territorial waters, and there have been Lebanese claims that Israel is breaching the law of the sea and might lay claim on Lebanese natural resources through the Tamar gas field. Hezbollah uses such violations as justification for the legitimacy of their continued armed resistance against Israel. Lebanon hopes for a peaceful resolution and to stop the Palestine Guerillas from entering our state.

  • Danapierangeli
    Danapierangeli November 14, 2017 Reply

    Special Political and Decolonization Committee
    The Situation in Israel/Palestine
    Republic of Turkey
    Dana Pierangeli

    The conflict between the Jewish and Islamic people occupying the Middle East has been a serious problems since the late 1800s. The conflict began when hundreds of thousands of Jews migrated from Europe to British-controlled Palestine from 1896-1948. Because of the violent nature of their flight, the United Nations voted in 1947 to split the land into two countries, one for the Arab population already living there, and one for the new Jewish population. The Arab saw this as a grope for the land they rightfully owned, and declared war on Israel. The Palestinian defeat that followed turned 700,000 Palestinians into refugees and gave Israel possession of 77% of the land. Now there are more than 7 million Palestinians who have been displaced from the crisis, and why cry for justice. The country of Turkey has worked hard with our Palestinian allies to overcome this injustice.

    The Republic of Turkey supports the Palestinian people in their plight and believes that Palestine should be recognized as a sovereign nation. We have backed Palestine through its struggles to gain membership to the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) in 2011, as well as to become a “non-member observer state” of the UN in 2012. Since 1995, Turkey has given Palestine over US$300 million for development, health, education, public finance, institution building, security, tourism, and agriculture. In May 2005, we opened a branch of our Turkish International Cooperation and Development Agency (TIKA) in Ramallah in order to ensure more effective and on site coordination of Turkey’s development assistance. Turkey continues to provide assistance to Palestinian refugees through our work with the United Nations Relief and Work Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA) and also participates in the Temporary International Presence in Hebron (TIPH). To support reform for the State of Palestine, we have participated in constitutional and administrative reform, as well as offering special education programs to train young Palestinian diplomats through the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Turkey. Turkey has also formed the Ankara Forum (Ankara Forum for Economic Cooperations Between Palestine, Israel, and Turkey), in order to reinforce mutual trust among the parties as it embarks upon projects aimed to rehabilitate and establish industrial zones in Palestine. This was formed in 2005 by the presidents of Trade Chambers of Turkey, Israel, and Palestine. Though the country of Turkey has always advocated for peace, measures must be taken to ensure that the Palestinian people are given what is rightfully theirs. Israel has become a threat to international peace and our government will never look positively on them as long as we are in power. In the words of our President, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, “What’s the difference between the present acts of the Israeli administration and the racist and discriminatory politics that were practised against black people in the past in America – and up until a short time ago in South Africa.” The practices the Israeli government is using on the Palestinian people borders on Naziism, and must be stopped. The blatant racism that the Israeli people have displayed towards the Palestinians will not stand.

    Because of the harsh economic conditions in Palestine, the Palestinian people are trapped in a vicious cycle with no escape. The daily lives of all citizens must be improved to implement a sustainable socio-economic infrastructure. This, however, is an endeavour the entire international community must participate in. The Republic of Turkey has organized a comprehensive economic and social action plan to help Palestine, coordinated by the Coordinator for Economic and Social Cooperation with Palestine. We encourage other countries to reach out and do the same for our friends in Palestine. We also recommend revisiting the United Nations General Assembly Resolution 3379 to install a similar resolution. Palestine should be given the West Bank territory officially. Perhaps one of the most important actions we can take is to recognize Palestine as a state. The country of Turkey was one of the first to recognize the statehood of Palestine in 1988, and we encourage all nations to do the same. If they become an official state, they can then go through the procedure of becoming an official voting member of the United Nations. Only through mutual collaboration will we as a world community be able to put a stop to the rabid racism running rampant in Israel. We can end this once and for all. Palestine deserves to be recognized and we will be the generation to do it.

  • Kmfallon920
    Kmfallon920 November 14, 2017 Reply

    Special Political Committee
    Situation in Israel/Palestine
    Jordan
    Kathleen Fallon

    The Jewish people have a history of persecution due to anti-semitism across Europe. At the end of the second World War, the United Nations voted to recommend a partition of Palestine, dividing it into separate Arab and Jewish states. The ideology of zionism not only inspired the need for a Jewish ‘homeland’, but also resulted in the immigration of Jews to Israel. Israeli aggression began at inception of the country, driving Palestinians out into refugee camps starting in 1948. Newly immigrated Jews eventually began absorbing occupied Palestinian land and assets, resulting in tension and aggression between the two for the great majority of Israel’s existence. The Palestinian people have no formal nation, as well as limited rights. The worth of the little land remaining has left the majority of the population in poverty. The difference in the standard of living is concerning, and the relationship between the two states poses a threat internationally.

    Jordan grants citizenship to any Palestinian refugees who flee to Jordan in the wake of Israeli aggression. Refugees can thus assimilate into our society, allowing them to join governing bodies through the “one family” ideology. However, generosity has limits. With approximately two million refugees, we cannot realistically extend this welcome to Iraqi Palestinians and other refugees arriving from any country besides their state of origin. The size and strength of our nation is highly limited, and the expenditures on refugees has become an economic burden. Additionally, the large Palestinian demographic in Jordan has begun to threaten our stability. Not only are they half our our population, but they also hold assets in the private economic sector, which results in frequent and various tensions within our communities. Although we are closely tied to the Palestinians and their cause, the economic and social strain they have resulted in is cause for dire changes in policy.

    UNRWA is the primary UN body responsible for overseeing Palestinian refugees in the near east. Although member nations oftentimes provide financial support through this body, in recent years donation numbers have been down, resulting in less UNRWA backing towards host countries. In effect, the economic pressure on countries like Jordan, Lebanon, Iraq, and Syria is greater than ever. In order for continued maintenance of refugee camps in our countries, financial input from member states and NGO’s is absolutely vital. It is also important to mention the General Assembly’s most recent efforts on the issue, approving various resolutions concerning Palestinian welfare and assets in Israeli-occupied territories.

    Perhaps the greatest question is whether or not a two-state solution is realistic and achievable. At the rate that Israel continues to invade and occupy Palestine, it seems almost impossible to maintain solid bounds between the two states. Jordan believes strongly that a two-state solution, resulting in a creation of an independent Palestinian state, is the sole way to solve the conflict. A start would be the emphasis on General Assembly Resolution 194, which returns and protects the assets of refugees, a right that Israel continues to refuse for those who have fled the West Bank. Jordan also wishes for a re-emphasis on Security Council Resolution 2334, which calls for an end to Israeli settlements. Even if a two-state solution is the goal, Jordan understands that the priority is to aim for a comprehensive resolution that requests more funding for the UNRWA, as well as more support for host countries and UN missions in the area. It is a necessity to take into account the economic, social, and political repercussions on nations outside of Israel and the West Bank in order to create a resolution that is both impactful and widespread.

  • Ajhawks10
    Ajhawks10 November 14, 2017 Reply

    Special Political and Decolonization Committee
    The situation in Israel/Palestine
    Bolivia
    Andrew Jackson Lehman

    There is a major problem with the situation in Israel and the nation of Palestine. This problem is 70 years old. Israel cannot accept the right of return without abandoning either its Jewish or democratic identity. Adding 7 million Arabs to Israel’s population would make Jews a minority ,Israel’s total population is about 8 million, a number that includes the 1.5 million Arabs already there. So Israelis refuse to even consider including the right to return to the current Israeli area in any final status deal that allows Palestinians to relocate back and be a sovereign nation in close proximity Israel. The Palestinian people do not have any protection. There are many issues that have occurred including the 2014 Gaza conflict that left Gaza city uninhabitable by Israeli rocket strikes against non military targets. Both of the sides need to both stop harming civilians via bombings and missile strikes. They respond not as a government, but with Hamas, a terrorist organization who defend the Palestinian people. The gist of things are down to picking sides now sadly. The idea that both sides have people harming each other is unsafe for innocent civilians of each side being killed for what cause? Bolivia considers this issue very important and would like to see a resolution to the conflict established and put into action immediately. The Committee needs to recognize Palestine as a sovereign nation as part of the two state plan.

    As a country who had been liberated from the Spanish in 1825, Bolivia understands the oppression historically that is seen in this here conflict. Bolivia backs the Palestinian people in this situation who are having war crimes committed against them. As stated by Evo Morales “Terrorist Nation of Israel” current Bolivian president. During the Gaza conflict of 2014 the Israelis shot rockets that landed near a playground and killed ten innocent civilians , one civilian even said “They are bombing everything.” Nationally Bolivia has cancelled a prior 30 year long agreement allowing Israeli’s to visit the country without visas. Also closing the Israeli embassy in Bolivia and expelling the ambassador. In July 2014, Morales filed a request with the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights to prosecute Israel for “crimes against humanity.” Internationally Bolivia have critiqued Israel for the 2014 Gaza strip military operation. Between 8 July and 27 August, more than 2,100 Palestinians were killed in the Gaza Strip, along with 66 Israeli soldiers and seven civilians in Israel from the actions in the Gaza area or Operation Protective Edge. In 2009 Bolivia broke diplomatic ties with Israel over another issue in the Gaza area. “We call for the recognition of the full, sovereign, free and independent form of the Palestinian State,” said Bolivian Plurinational Legislative Assembly representative Romina Perez Ramos. Approximately 1200 Israeli’s have been killed by Palestinians to the 9500 Palestinians killed by Israeli’s since 2000 approximately. Bolivia would like to see The United Nations Special political and decolonization committee pass a two state solution, then draft a resolution that calls for the immediate halt of violence in or around refugee camps in the area.

    Bolivia proposes that the committee must tackle this issue head on by allowing Palestine to at least receive a vote to voice their opinion. These problems raise questions that need to be answered we hope rather quickly. An easy solution would be a two state solution. Bolivia would love to see the international committee accept and declare Palestine as a country and them the power to vote.

  • Dane
    Dane November 14, 2017 Reply

    Country: Burkina Faso
    Committee: SPECPOL
    Topic: The Situation in Israel/Palestine
    Delegate: Dane Webb
    School: Williamston High School

    The Situation in Israel/Palestine is intensifying at an alarmingly fast pace with no sign in stopping without outside interference. This problem started around the nineteenth century when tensions between Arab Muslims and Israeli Jews began. The conflict is mainly based off the ownership of the lands and religious persecution. The Palestinians have traced their connection to the land for generations, though the European Jews traced their religious roots back to the Holy Land of Israel where Jewish kings and prophets once prospered. On the persecution side of things the European Jews had a massive spike in anti-semitism resulting in persecution in the late 1800s and early 1900s leading up to one of the biggest religious based genocides of all time, the Holocaust. These circumstances have created a great divide between the two peoples. This divide has often lead to arguments on who should get the land, inevitably turning violent.

    Burkina Faso has held close relations with Palestinians ever since Burkina Faso replaced its pro-Israeli leadership to a more Arab friendly view on things after a new president seized power. Burkina Faso has also voted with Palestinians in many United Nations Assemblies on their resolutions ever since then. An example of this would be in 2012 when Burkina Faso helped vote for Palestinian rights in Israel. Burkina Faso has somewhat neutral relations though relations have diminished, especially after we switched our previously pro-israeli campaign to a more pro-palestinian campaign.

    The plan for Burkina Faso is to help get the highly misrepresented Palestinians a place back in their homeland nearly completely ruled by the Israelis. They have been constantly pushed from a homeland they were proven to own generations ago only by the fact that it is claimed to be the Jew’s Holy Land. Burkina Faso does not believe the Israelis should be completely kicked out of their homeland. That would only stir up more bad blood between the two nations. Rather, Burkina Faso suggests that the Palestinians make a treaty with the Israelis that they share the land more evenly and help each other through trade and such. Letting them do this on their own would only lead to a blood bath however. We should have this treaty overseen by a bigger, more powerful and influential country (preferably with a big army to support it) to help reinforce this law and make no conflicts break out between these two peoples. Once they are on better terms, slowly remove that bigger country’s influence until the Israelis and the Palestinians have their own economy and can work off of each other peacefully.

  • Trucy.phan
    Trucy.phan November 14, 2017 Reply

    Country: Portugal
    Committee: SPECPOL
    Topic: The Situation in Israel/Palestine
    Delegate: Trucy Phan
    School: Williamston High School

    The root of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict dates back to the late nineteenth century, and is essentially an issue regarding territory. The Holy Land was divided into three sections after the Arab-Israeli war in 1948. The parts were called: the State of Israel, the West Bank (of the Jordan River), and the Gaza Strip. Numerous wars within the years following resulted in minor shifts of territory until the Yom Kippur War in 1973. Even when these wars were over, Israel and Palestinian territories went through a surge of uprisings and violence among the Palestinians. European Jews began tracing their religious roots back to the Holy Land of Israel, which frustrated the Palestinians because they traced their connections to the land back for several generations and often stated ownership of the land. The passage in the 1948 of UN General Assembly Resolution 181 made the Palestinians feel threatened about dividing and sharing the territory. The 1948 War caused at least 700,000 Palestinians refugees to rush to Jordan and other states. The United Nations must work together to regulate a new policy and solution that will be beneficial towards both Israel and Palestine.
    Portugal would like resolve the territorial issue between Israel and Palestine as soon as possible. Portugal acknowledges that if this conflict continues to expand, countries all over the world may be impacted in some way, either directly or indirectly. Portugal had stated to the public that it plans on helping secure Israel’s issues and conflicts. In the last few years, the Portuguese parliament passed a recommendation that called the government to recognize Palestine. The motion was supported by the Socialist opposition party and the center-right majority. Following in the footsteps of several other Western European countries, Portugal’s new motion proposes to “recognize, in coordination with the European Union, the State of Palestine as an independent and sovereign state.” Additionally, the government must continue to advocate peaceful rhetoric and coexistence of the two Democratic states, Israel and Palestine. The Portuguese government will recognize the Palestinian state at the “most appropriate moment,” as said by the Portuguese Minister of Foreign Affairs, Rui Machete.
    Portugal’s solutions on how to help resolve the Israeli-Palestinian conflict include dividing the land up between both Israel and Palestine, and allowing both states to control equal values of natural resources. This Two-State solution could be executed by using the 1967 borders, which would enable Israel to preserve its Jewish majority, while the Palestinians are allowed to keep their homeland. People of both Israel and Palestine must concur to live as neighbors in harmony. Portugal also believes that developed UN countries should aid the refugees that have escaped and fled. Portugal is willing to offer assistance to Palestinians in search of refuge. Portugal expects to find allies in other major countries such as the United States, Afghanistan, the Republic of Korea, Australia and other Western European countries that have acknowledged Palestine and Israel.

  • Livm711
    Livm711 November 14, 2017 Reply

    Special Political and Decolonization Committee
    Addressing the Israel-Palestine Conflict
    Malaysia
    Olivia Miller

    Malaysia is concerned with the current conflict between Israel and Palestine. As a result of religious differences, Jewish Israel has created an abundance of settlements and outposts on private Muslim Palestinian land. Despite the illegal nature of this action under international law, settlements have gradually increased over the years and the Israeli Parliament attempted to pass a bill to legalize these outposts. Settlement expansion has led to an increase in settlers’ violence, the destruction of Palestinian homes, and the denial of development for Palestinians. For example, Palestinians are prevented from burying their dead relatives in a Muslim cemetery adjacent to the Al Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem, because Israeli authorities have seized the cemetery land. Israel has demolished hundreds of Palestinian structures in the Palestine-occupied west bank which has created 1,200 homeless people, including 586 children. Malaysia will not recognize the State of Israel until a peace agreement is reached between the two forces.

    Malaysia has strong brotherly relations with Palestine. Malaysia has stood up for the rights and freedoms of the Palestinians and has supported the Palestinians through their struggles. The country of Malaysia has even hosted around 4,000 Palestinian students in Malaysia, many of whom choose Malaysia as a country for temporary refuge. Malaysia has made statements to the UN regarding the issue and is pushing for a fast solution to the settlement conflict. Malaysian officials have met with the American Jewish Committee to discuss the promotion of International Muslim-Jewish dialogue for over a decade. Malaysia proclaims its support for the work of the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People and we emphasize the need for a written quarterly report on the implementation of the resolution enacted in 1975. This resolution was created by the UN General Assembly where the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People was established. It was recommended that there be implementation to enable the Palestinian people to exercise their inalienable rights to self-determination without external interference. Palestine’s national independence and sovereignty must not be denied and Palestinians must be allowed to return to their homes and property from which they had been displaced.

    In statements made by the Malaysian Representative to the United Nations Ramlan Ibrahim at the UNSC meeting on the situation in the Middle East, Malaysia reiterates the need to create the necessary conditions for peace, and to push all parties toward the right direction in order to salvage the two-state solution. The UN can also undo the damage Israel has created, if it stays true to the values and principles of the UN Charter and uphold international law and international standards of human rights. Malaysia remains committed to push for the establishment of an independent, democratic Palestinian state, living side-by-side in peace and security with Israel. Similarly, Malaysia urges the international community to also pursue all legal, political and economic channels to step up its pressure on the Israeli government to make it too costly for Israel to continue with its illegal settlement policy.

  • avatar image
    Tyler Clifton November 14, 2017 Reply

    SUBMITTED TO: Special and Political
    FROM: Botswana
    SUBJECT: The Situation in Israel/Palestine

    Botswana sees the situation between the Israeli and Palestinian people as a topic that should be compromised through thorough negotiations between the two countries, rather than as acts of war. The Palestinian people have a rich history that can be traced back to the land for centuries, not unlike the Botswana people. Botswana fully supports the state of Palestine being recognized, but also supports Israel’s right to statehood, too. Both nations deserve to be respected, not just by the other countries of the world and member states of the United Nations, but also by each other.
    To fully help each country understand each other, religious leaders of Israel and Palestine should be apart of the talks that are between each country. This way it would not be the politics of the people speaking to each other, but the humanity of the situation. The citizens that occupy each region feel a strong tie to the area as a whole. Botswana does not see why they should limit each other’s access to any part of it as they both just want to appreciate what the region has to offer as a whole. By keeping Israel and Palestine completely separate, not only the citizens are missing out, but so are the religious leaders. By having religious leaders join into the negotiations, the talks being had between the officials of both countries may start to see a different light than previously seen in recent years.
    A good resolution to Botswana needs to offer more than the usual declaration of sides. Palestine should be able to become officially its own state that is able to vote in the United Nations. Israel should also remain a state. The main goal of Botswana is to see both states be able to coexist peacefully and to see the other nation’s point of view. If Botswana were to be involved in a similar situation, Botswana would wish that the same understanding would be seen by the other nation involved in it and would also show that understanding to that nation.
    The delegation of Botswana looks forward to helping ease the relationship between Israel and Palestine if possible. Botswana hopes to accomplish that goal by not taking sides immediately in the argument and being able to see the alternative points of view posed by not only Israel and Palestine in committee but by the other members of the United Nations SpecPol.

  • Adivenkatesh
    Adivenkatesh November 14, 2017 Reply

    Special Political and Decolonization Committee
    Israel/Palestine
    India
    Adi Venkatesh

    The Israeli-Palestine conflict started in the late 19th century with the emergence of multiple national movements. In between July and August, more than 2100 Palestinians and 70 Israelis died in 2014. However, many more civilian deaths are not accounted for and not recorded. Each day, the conflict worsens and more people get brutally killed. The safety of human lives is and should be the utmost priority of the UN. Although India was one of the first non-Arab countries to recognize the Palestinians, after 1992 Israel became a primary defense supporter of India after conflicts between India and Pakistan. India eventually became the world’s largest buyer of arms from Israel. Due to recent violence, India has diluted reaction to Israel’s treatment of the Palestinians.

    Like any major conflict between two opposing countries, the Israeli-Palestine conflict has a small, yet significant effect on India. First of all, India has and always has had peaceful relations with both countries. Supporting one side too much would be a massive deterrent to any kind of ties with the other country. In the past, India has abstained from the HRC’s vote regarding the Gaza conflict and Israel’s actions during Operation Protective Edge in 2014. Even though Israel wants India to end its “pro-Palestine” policy, India does not want to lose its crucial cnergy ties with the Gulf and Arab countries. Prime Minister Modi did visit Israel in early 2017 and was the first Indian Prime minister to visit Israel which clearly shows improved ties between India and Israel. During the visit, India and Israel signed seven agreements in key areas like space, water management, energy and agriculture, but none on military. India believes in peace and prosperity not war and destruction.

    India proposes that both sides cease fire and slide back into their own territories. The Israel must withdraw its occupation of the West Bank as it violates the Fourth Geneva Convention. Palestinians must be given equal rights within Israel’s borders and refugees must be given the right to return to their own lands. India believes in the two state solution where sides should be given their land as many Israelis and Palestinians suggest. SPECPOL must organize a discussion as a whole committee as US lead peace talks have not worked in the past.

  • Luke.jaworsky
    Luke.jaworsky November 14, 2017 Reply

    Country: Swaziland
    Topic: Israel/Palestine tensions
    Delegate: Luke Jaworsky
    School: Williamston High School

    The situation in Israel goes back many years but asks a simple question, who does this land belong to? This issue starts when Israel/Palestine became an independent nation from Great Britain and was separated into 3 zones. After this the 1948 war between Israel and Palestine occurred. Following this other conflicts went on such as the six day war claiming sinai, West Bank, and the Gaza strip. Later Israel came into conflict with Palestinian independence movements that sought to destroy Israeli rule. The State of Israel created a resolution to these uprisings which allowed certain zones to be under Palestinian control which leaves us to where we are now, continuing to debate over the control of this land.
    Swaziland has supported Palestinian government control over this land ever since November 21, 1988 when the president of Israel at the time recognized the state of palestine created by the PLO. Swaziland has aided Palestine in debates such as that of in 2012 United Nations General assembly. Swaziland along with many other African nations did not support Israel as they continued to attack and take land away from Palestine.
    Swaziland plans to continue to aid the palestinians for government control in the region. This has been decided as their course of action because Israel has pushed Palestinian rule over the country back due to Israeli strict control over the territory and forcing a much smaller control of gaza and the west bank which has been diminished in Palestinian control from Israeli settlement. In addition, Swaziland supports ruling in favor of Palestine in the area of land distribution. Swaziland wants to Strengthen Palestinian control over land in the Gaza strip and the West bank due to land controlled by Palestinians being based upon population in sectors, which has been drastically decreased from forced immigration and Israeli settlers in the regions.

  • Sydneyconnors
    Sydneyconnors November 14, 2017 Reply

    November 14, 2017
    Submitted To: The Special Political and Decolonization Committee
    From: The Republic of Cuba
    Regarding: The Situation in Israel/Palestine
    Delegate: Sydney Connors
    School: Royal Oak High School

    For decades there had been no end to the violence and disruption on both sides of the Israeli-Palestinian dispute. There are many aspects of international sensitivity when regarding this case, but none will be solved easily. As the Republic of Cuba, it is our hope that we can create a solution that puts aside colonialist or imperialist tendencies, and focuses on restoring peace to the affected regions and peoples. We feel that this could, and rightfully should, be accomplished through a course intended to restore sovereignty to both Israel and Palestine as part of a two-state plan.
    We as a nation are sympathetic to the Palestinian cause, as we see our own struggles against colonialism to gain independence, as well as, our struggle against more modern global powers trying to exert control over us. Following the founding of the Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO) in 1964, the Republic of Cuba was one of the first nations to recognize the PLO. This began a process between Cuba and Palestine of establishing official diplomatic relations, and maintaining the friendship our two states have enjoyed. As seen by Cuba, the situation between Israel and Palestine is bred out of irresponsibility, disguised racism, and modern colonialism, while being sustained by stubborn approaches to peace. In the interim, or many times as a result of these attempts at peace, more violence is ushered in, creating more issues to solve, and more failed attempts at peace. It’s important that we, as a committee, look at what has already been attempted, and how it has/hasn’t worked so that we can break this cycle, and point progress in an upwards direction.
    To begin the process of making peace in this region, it is only right that Israel should make strides to de-occupy areas that are not under their legal jurisdiction. It is crucial that the nation of Israel withdraw their forces from the West Bank unilaterally, as they did in 2005 from the Gaza Strip, and that the remaining blockade on the Gaza Strip is lifted, as the presence of Israeli forces in these regions only serve to undermine and intimidate the Palestinian government and its people. Specifically, the blockade on the Gaza Strip is a serious violation of international humanitarian law. This blockade has been in place for over a decade, and though the nations imposing the blockade hide behind the self-defense clause of the UN Charter, the reality is that the blockade serves more as a collective punishment, and it is not without its humanitarian consequences. The United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestinians in the Near East (UNRWA) plays a major role in aiding this region, which has been called by Secretary-General Antonio Guterres “the largest prison in the world.”. The blockade has caused the region’s economy to deteriorate, and the area is quickly becoming unsuitable for human occupation due to lack of clean water, lack of food, lack of healthcare, lack of housing and unreliable electricity.
    Not only are the physical conditions of Palestinian citizens threatened by Israeli occupation, but so are their social conditions. The omnipresent sentiment of zionism is put into practice in many of these regions. While the resolution naming zionism as a form of racism was repealed, it is the opinion of Cuba, that the sentiment of having passed a resolution of that nature, sets enough precedent to deem zionism as a potential threat to Palestinian citizens. It is important that we consider ways to curtail bias in the solution that we compose.
    In addition to the removal of military forces, Cuba would also be encouraged to see the ‘settlements’ of Israeli people illegally occupying what is [de facto] Palestinian territory evacuated and placed within legal limitations of Israeli territory, meaning anywhere other than the regions that Israeli settlements have been told to evacuate (Gaza, West Bank, East Jerusalem). These settlements are modern colonialism by a kinder name, and were made illegal by the Fourth Geneva Convention, which states in Section III, Article 49: “The Occupying Power shall not deport or transfer parts of its own civilian population into the territory it occupies.” This prohibition on settlements was specifically reiterated when Israel refused to abide by it in the UNSC Resolution 2334 which states quite clearly in operative clause 2: “Reiterates its demand that Israel immediately and completely cease all settlement activities in the occupied Palestinian territory, including East Jerusalem, and that it fully respect all of its legal obligations in this regard;”. It is Cuba’s hope that this committee will consider all of those displaced by this conflict, both the millions of Palestinian refugees, as well as Israeli people who were purposefully settled in Palestinian territory and find a solution (with the help of UNHRC and UNRWA) that does not perpetuate colonialism; as we’ve seen the implications of such practices within this society, and many others throughout the course of history.
    The situation between Israel and Palestine is more than a few issues that can be neatly summarized and decisively stopped, however the delegation of Cuba is excited to put into practice the sentiments of peace that are expressed by many nations in looking at this issue. We hope that the solution that we create in committee, will be a driving force for peace, the restoration of sovereignty, and the end of a humanitarian crisis.

    Sources:

    Beauchamp, Zack. “Everything You Need to Know about Israel-Palestine.” Vox, 21 Nov. 2014, http://www.vox.com/cards/israel-palestine

    “The World Factbook: CUBA.” Central Intelligence Agency, Central Intelligence Agency, 6 Nov. 2017, http://www.cia.gov/library/publications/resources/the-world-factbook/geos/cu.html

    Hatuqa, Dalia. “Fidel Castro: The Palestinian Connection.” Cuba News | Al Jazeera, Al Jazeera, 26 Nov. 2016,
    http://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/spotlight/castro/2014/03/castro-palestinian-connection-201435132839149718.html

  • Saramvarg
    Saramvarg November 14, 2017 Reply

    Special Political and Decolonization Committee
    The Situation in Israel/Palestine
    Côte d’Ivoire
    Sara Vargas

    The Israel-Palestine conflict began in the late nineteenth century as each country adopted nationalism. Although the two states have differing religions, the modern conflict lies with land. The issue is that the conflict is treated in a manner of hopelessness, and it is believed that the two countries will never find peace because of their complicated religious differences. The United Nations reached its pivotal involvement in the Israel-Palestine conflict. The “Holy Land”-also known as Palestine- was to be divided into portions, partly for Israel, and partly for Palestine. Israel claims all the land as it dates back to the time of Abraham where the land was given to him by God. This conflict between Israel and Palestine must be addressed by the United Nations Special Political and Decolonization Committee because this ongoing conflict has resulted in the death of thousands and continuous instability for both nations.

    As a country who understand the difficult situations associated with being small, Côte d’Ivoire supports the independence and statehood ambitions of Palestine. Our Nation has signed in favor of Resolution 3379 which according to the New York Times established Zionism as a form of racism and racial discrimination. Our Alli, Organization of African Unity, drafted clause X7 of the resolution. Côte d’Ivoire understands that the conflict has dated back into the late nineteenth century religious battles, but is focused on attaining a permanent solution to the land distribution.

    Côte d’Ivoire proposed that the United Nations rule in favor of the Palestinian people, with care and concern for the fact that they are not considered a state. In order to establish a peaceful settlement between the two religiously fighting countries, Côte d’Ivoire proposes that the land not be divided into sectors, but be completely handed down to the Palestinian people. The United Nations can eliminate the conflict by allowing the Palestinian people to stay and the Israeli people to move to another area within South West Asia. The United Nations can eliminate conflict between Israel and Palestine this way by removing them from each other. The purpose is to allow each state to peacefully resign and thrive in their cultural differences while respecting their history and rights. Côte d’Ivoire urges the Special Political and Decolonization Committee to address this issue of land in a way that benefits the Palestinian people. Our country wishes to develop bilateral agreements in political, economic, and cultural areas. The economic sector of Côte d’Ivoire has confirmed agreement to these Palestinian plans, and is meeting to discuss further arrangements.

  • Egypt
    Egypt November 14, 2017 Reply

    Special Political and Decolonization Committee (SPECPOL)
    The Situation in Israel/Palestine
    The Arab Republic of Egypt
    Maya Radhakrishnan

    Egypt believes that two-state solution is the only just resolution of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Even recently, Egypt has expressed its investment in achieving peace between Israel and Palestine; in mid-September of 2017, our President, Abdel Fattah el-Sisi, met with the Israeli prime minister, Benjamin Netanyahu to discuss the matter. Egypt believes that both sides should strive for coexistence, which includes both safety for Israel and the establishment of a Palestinian state. Egypt does not deem these events to be mutually exclusive.

    In the past, Egypt had difficulties with Israel; however, the two countries have enjoyed peace and cooperation for nearly 40 years. In our experience, Egypt has found Israel to be compromising and practical. For example, despite an initial agreement for both parties to remain relatively detached from the Sinai Peninsula, Israel has allowed Egyptian military forces to enter the region in order to combat recent surges of terrorism by groups like ISIL or ISIS. Egypt believes that if Israel and ourselves could become such allies, then there is hope for all other countries, including Palestine. As President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi said in his General Assembly address, “Egypt’s experience validates that peace is possible, and is indeed a realistic objective that we should all continue seriously pursuing.”

    In regard to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, Egypt further believes that “establishing an independent Palestinian state along the 1967 borders with East Jerusalem as its capital” should be the first step in any peace process. Egypt has also been deeply involved in the Fatah-Hamas reconciliation process, which is one of the main challenges in unifying Palestine and creating a single Palestinian Authority. In fact, Egypt has hosted and participated in many of the talks between the two factions. Egypt considers these internal discussions to be a crucial step to reopening discussions between Israel and Palestine.

    Finally, Egypt believes that Palestine must cease all illegal activities before any accord can be reached. This includes terrorism, especially towards Israeli citizens, and the use of Gazan smuggling tunnels. The Gazan smuggling tunnels lead directly to Egypt and are a constant source of worry; these tunnels provide easy transport for guns, explosives, and terrorists alike. Additionally, Egypt thinks that a suspension of all criminal activities will show good faith on the part of Palestine and allow it to be more well-received internationally.

    Egypt believes that the Israeli-Palestinian conflict is solvable—incredibly complex and difficult, but absolutely solvable. In the words of our President, “It is time for a comprehensive and final settlement to the longest outstanding crisis in the Arab region, . . .the Palestinian cause.”

    Works Cited

    Beauchamp, Zack. “How Are Other Middle Eastern Countries Handling the Conflict?” Vox, 31 Mar. 2014, http://www.vox.com/cards/israel-palestine/egypt-jordan-lebanon-syria.

    Keinon, Herb. “Sisi Tells Netanyahu He Wants to Help Broker Peace.” The Jerusalem Post , The Jerusalem Post , 19 Sept. 2017, http://www.jpost.com/Israel-News/Benjamin-Netanyahu/Sisi-tells-Netanyahu-he-wants-to-assist-
    Israel-Palestinian-peace-efforts-505502.

    Nichols, Michelle, and Yara Bayoumy; “Egypt’s Sisi Urges Palestinians to Unite, Co-Exist with Israelis.” Reuters, Thomson Reuters, 19 Sept. 2017, http://www.reuters.com/article/us-un-assembly-egypt/egypts-sisi-urges-palestinians-to-unite-co-exist-with-israelis-idUSKCN1BU2TO.

    Olmert, Josef. “Egypt, Israel and the Palestinians.” The Huffington Post, TheHuffingtonPost.com, 26 Nov. 2014, http://www.huffingtonpost.com/dr-josef-olmert/egypt-israel-and-the-pale_b_6220928.html.

    Reuters , and JPost Staff. “Hamas: Ready for Talks with Fatah, to Hold Elections in Gaza.” The Jerusalem Post, The Jerusalem Post , 17 Sept. 2017, http://www.jpost.com/Arab-Israeli-Conflict/Hamas-ready-for-talks-with-Fatah-to-hold-elections-505280.

    Reuters, and ABC . “Palestinian Factions Hamas and Fatah Sign Reconciliation Deal.” ABC News, 12 Oct. 2017, http://www.abc.net.au/news/2017-10-13/palestinian-rivals-fatah-hamas-sign-reconciliation-accord/9045694.

    “Sisi Urges Palestinians to Unite and Coexist with Israel.” Middle East Eye, 20 Sept. 2017, http://www.middleeasteye.net/news/egypts-sisi-urges-palestinians-unite-co-exist-israel-545595905.

    Tahhan, Zena. “Egypt-Israel Relations ‘at Highest Level’ in History.” Al Jazeera, Al Jazeera, 20 Sept. 2017, http://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/features/2016/11/egypt-israel-relations-highest-level-history-161107083926863.html.

    • Egypt
      Egypt November 15, 2017 Reply

      I forgot to cite this source in the initial post.

      “Egypt | General Assembly of the United Nations.” United Nations, United Nations, gadebate.un.org/en/72/egypt.

  • avatar image
    Emma Alzner November 15, 2017 Reply

    Committee: SPECPOL
    Country: Iran
    Topic: Israel-Palestine

    Iran sees that the conflict that has emerged through the occupation of Palestinian land by the unprincipled Zionist regime is the cornerstone of all hostility throughout the broader region. For too long, the Palestinian people have been stripped of their rights and ignored by the international community. In recent years, with the introduction of Israeli settlements in the West Bank and the crisis in Gaza, the Palestinian people have witnessed the land which is rightfully theirs stolen from them by a rogue regime and its allies. Iran will not allow the Palestinians to be forced into such a defensive position: it will ensure that the Palestinian struggle continues unremittingly until these peoples can achieve complete liberation.

    In continuation, many years ago, Iran rescued the Jewish peoples from oppression by saving them from Babylonian servitude. But now, Iran must stand up for the Palestinians, whose rights have been trampled by the potent Zionist authority. In its quest to advocate for justice and Islamic values, within the SPECPOL body Iran will aggressively promote the return of the Holy Land to the Palestinians, and the immediate end of Israeli occupation. The poisonous entity which currently presides over these lands has broken international law, including multiple United Nations resolutions, such as resolution 54 and 2334, all while the international community has turned a blind eye. The Western suppression of the Palestinian cause for independence must be brought to conclusion by this committee.

    Moreover, it is so often that the imputinous Israeli regime obstructs the movement for the restoration of Palestinian rights by accusing these peoples of being a terrorist entity. Yet, is it not the meddling of Westernized entities such as Israel that is the root of instability and the rise of terrorism throughout the area? This destructive force must be overcome. Iran is looking forward to working with its allies in the region to stand up for the cause of the Palestinian peoples. The just solution to this conflict is clear, and the Islamic Republic of Iran will not allow for the continuation of international complacency.

  • AbbyVan
    AbbyVan November 15, 2017 Reply

    Special Political and Decolonization Committee
    The Situation in Israel/Palestine
    Tajikistan
    Abigail VanHaitsma

    It is obvious that throughout these years of conflict, not much has been accomplished. Tajikistan sees that this conflict has a more deeply rooted reason than that of just Arab Muslims versus Jews; it is dealing with the issues of territory and land. Palestine has made it very clear that they believe they deserve their land back from Israel. To try and solve this issue, in 1947, the United Nations passed a resolution that separated Palestine into an Arab state and a Jewish state. This resolution did not work well in action. The Arab Muslims did not agree to the terms, in believing that it was unfair, as that it was originally their land with their holy sites, and that they deserve to get it back. Along with this fact, some Palestinians are upset because of the Palestine Right of Return. During the war, many Palestinians were taken from their homeland and scattered all over the world. Many have tried to reenter, but they have been denied, and have become permanent refugees. They believe, and we agree, that an injustice has been done unless they are allowed to return to their home.
    Tajikistan believes that if a 2-state plan was enacted by the United Nations again, the result would be more violence and increased war, which is the opposite of the United Nations’ goal. As well as this, something that would have to be dealt with is the issue of common infrastructure ordeals, such as security, water, sewage, etc. It is important for the committee to address the following items:
    1. What would constitute a good plan, if not a 2-state system, that would allow the two groups to live in peace?
    2. Would a complete 1-state system ever work?
    3. Would there be a way to merge the two groups?
    We believe that a good compromise might be for Palestine to gain their land back, as Israel does contain many holy Muslim sites, but both groups could live in peace in the region without any more war or fighting. In addition to this, we would be open to hearing Israel’s concerns, questions, and suggestions so they can be happy with the arrangement as well.
    Tajikistan does understand both sides of the matter, however. During the Cold War, we had been in a similar position, as we, and other countries like Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, and Pakistan, had all been stuck in the middle of a battle between Communism and Democracy, so we can see both sides of this issue, as it is a similar situation between the Arab Muslims and the Jewish population. To this note, we would like to extend our understanding to both sides of the disagreement, as we can see both sides.
    In a resolution, we would like to see peace be a main focus. That’s the element we believe needs to be focused on, worked on, and resolved before we can move onto other issues.

  • Alhamd-R
    Alhamd-R November 15, 2017 Reply

    Iraq’s top priority has been the fight against the Islamic state and restoring peace in our country, and because of that our prime minister Haider Al-Abadi has tried to gain many allies in the fight against the Islamic State but Israel is one country that Iraq refuses to support. Iraq believes in allying with Palestine, and supporting them is vital.Iraq sympathizes with the Palestinians suffering by the human right violations committed against them by Israel. Palestinians are suffering in those settlement camps and Iraq is disgusted of the stories of their children and women getting murdered. The conflict has produced many devastating death counts and poor living conditions for the Palestinians. In 2014 in Gaza, 475,000 people were living in emergency shelters or with other families and also 244 schools, in Gaza,were damaged. Iraq is disheartened at hearing that its brothers in palestine are living in such conditions. This is why it demands through peaceful negotiations, immediate action.
    What Iraq wants accomplished is peace, this conflict has lasted for such a long time and efforts to stop it are still unsuccessful. Iraq’s top priority is regaining security and stability to the Palestinians, it wants them to gain the rights they deserve.Iraq wants the abolishment of all settlement camps and the building of the state of Palestine back. It demands the recognition of an independent state of Palestine in Gaza and most of the West Bank. Iraq’s aim is the gaining awareness of the violence committed against the Palestinians and is desiring to aid in their prevention.

  • Rajoulhc
    Rajoulhc November 15, 2017 Reply

    Special Political and Decolonization Committee
    The Situation in Israel/Palestine
    Qatar
    Celine Rajoulh

    The Nation of Qatar recognizes the complex nature of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Since the ratification of UN General Assembly Resolution 181, the region has been pummeled with turmoil. Often labeled the world’s “most intractable conflict,” it is an incredibly divisive issue for those in the region. Despite the intricacy of the issue, the failure to reconcile can be narrowed to a few key issues: identity, equality, and borders. If the conflict is to be resolved, Qatar firmly believes that each concern must be addressed objectively and fully.

    Both Palestinians and Israelis can trace their roots to the land in question. Because of this, each group feels an inarguable right to the land. The control of Jerusalem is a particularly delicate issue, with each side asserting claims over this city. Because of its historical importance to both groups, it is imperative to maintain its international zone status. Equality ties in closely to this point. Qatar is sympathetic to the citizens of Palestinian descent who are treated unfairly within Israeli borders. According to the Human Rights Watch, Israeli policies control many aspects of the day-to-day life of Palestinians who live in areas under exclusive Israeli control and that those policies often have no conceivable security justification. In order to create a long-term solution to the conflict, discriminatory practices in both groups must be stopped. Such a solution can be achieved through education initiatives and the cessation of biased laws.

    As an Arab nation that is economic partners with Israel, Qatar is heavily invested in finding a solution that suits both parties’ needs. This must start with a mutual-recognition of both states. Qatar looks favorably upon a two-state solution as per the requirements set by the Oslo Accords. This must include Israel’s acknowledgment of the State of Palestine’s sovereignty, which includes its right to military forces. Furthermore, Israel should cease its violation of international humanitarian law by removing its citizens from the West Bank. Qatar is looking forward to a collaborative effort from all nations and is optimistic that a holistic approach to the issue will be achieved.

  • Zheng
    Zheng November 15, 2017 Reply

    Special Political and Decolonization Committee
    The Situation in Israel/Palestine
    Thailand
    Alex Zheng

    The Israeli-Palestinian conflict has been the cause of much death and suffering for too long. Although, Thailand is a close trade partner with the State of Israel, we recognize that the situation is dire and in order to create peace in the Middle East, there must be an economically stable environment for the palestinians. The lack of clearly defined borders combined with the inability to accept the other side’s claim have lead to a volatile and war torn Israel and Palestine. Many Israeli and Palestinian citizens suffer daily, it is the responsibility of the civilized world to help those poor souls. During the first intifada roughly 1,551 Palestinians and 421 Israeli were killed; the second intifada lead to roughly 6,890 Palestinians and 1,091 Israeli deaths. With such a high number of deaths the Israeli-Palestinian conflict must be the first priority.

    This topic is of much importance to Thailand. Thailand released a statement January 2012 stating that Thailand recognizes the state of Palestine. During operation protective edge the Thai government stated that it supports a peaceful solution to the conflict and called on both sides to show restraint. It further stated that it will continue to support both the State of Israel and Palestine but will not condone any terrorist activity made by either side. It is the best interest of the world to find a peaceful solution between the two parties. It is the of the utmost importance to help the citizens of the the Israel-Palestine area. Thailand provides financial contribution towards the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestinian Refugees in the Near East. The United Nations should lay aside the delicate politics of the borders and focus on aiding the citizens of the war torn region. Between 2000 and 2007 4,228 Palestinians and 1.024 Israelis died; those numbers are far too high. Although the importance of a long lasting solution can not be understated, we must initially turn towards the needs of the people. The 2014 typhoon Rammasun cost $7.21 billion to repair; the merger $7.7 billion supplied to Palestine by the Paris donors conference is clearly not sufficient.

    The citizens of the Israel-Palestine region have suffered greatly, providing aid to the region must be of the utmost priority. Thailand proposes adding sanctions to Israel for destroying hundreds of UN funded development projects since 2001, and causing €23 million in damages during the 2014 Gaza war. Thailand would further implore the United nations to broker a lasting peace between both sides.

  • Connorholladay
    Connorholladay November 15, 2017 Reply

    Special Political and Decolonization Committee
    The Situation in Israel/Palestine
    Republic of Panama
    Connor Holladay

    The situation in Israel and Palestine has dated back to the 19th century and is a conflict between Arab Muslims and Israeli Jews. The conflict really started to heat up in 1948 with the war of Israel independence. Millions of Palestinians live in exile from their homes that their families have owned for generations. Many still live with insecurity. The conflict has gotten attention from both the UN and major world powers. Panama along with its biggest ally The United States, voted against Palestine becoming a non-Member Observer State status in the United Nations. Panama views this situation just like their allies do. Panama voted against the bill because Panama has close ties to the United States and Panama has a large Jewish population. Panama also has a “big heart for Israel.” Palestine being a not recognized country could face some very difficult challenges. Some challenges Palestine could face are gaining international recognition, coming to a peace agreement, and starting up their economy. Palestine could also face some consequences because they are unrecognized. One consequence is that they could face legal trouble because their offices and military bases could be illegally occupying a nation’s territory. Palestine could also be labeled as a radical faction because they are a state that is looking for recognition just like many other organizations and de facto states. Panama may not agree but recognizes the opposite views of other nations. Panama works with other nations to come up with resolutions that work for both sides.

  • JaneJos
    JaneJos November 15, 2017 Reply

    Special Political and Decolonization Committee
    The Situation in Israel/Palestine
    Brazil
    Paul Janes
    The situation in Israel/Palestine is a conflict spanning back to 1948, and it doesn’t look like it will end anytime soon. Although it has been going on for almost 70 years, there doesn’t seem to be a resolution in the near future. Because of how long this conflict has been going it has drawn attention from the UN and many other international committees. Brazil has been involved in the conflict since 1975, and has been supporting Palestine for the duration of their involvement. Because of this Brazil has been acting as one of the key mediators between the two states.
    Brazil has become an unlikely mediator though. Brazil has been known for very quiet involvements in conflicts such as this, but during the government of Luis Inácio da Silva they took a very explicit position. This position of support for Palestine has continued to present day, and Brazil is looking to expanding its role in the possible solutions for this conflict.
    However a solution between the two states would not be enough to solve the problem. The GCC or Gulf Cooperation Council would have to reach an agreement in the conflict along with many other Middle Eastern nations. To do this there would need to be a major compromise between Israel and Palestine, which would mean both states would need to forfeit some of their claims in order to reach a resolution.
    However a compromise wouldn’t be something uncalled for. Seeing as how both sides played a major role in starting and worsening the conflict a compromise would be the only fair solution.

  • Sam_noonan
    Sam_noonan November 15, 2017 Reply

    Special Political
    Azerbaijan
    The Situation is Israel/Palestine
    Sam Noonan

    The conflict between Israel and Palestine is one that has gone on far too long, with Israel’s constant irrational claims of land leading to escalating tensions between the two nations. Azerbaijan is appalled by the situation in Israel/Palestine and how it has been handled. Israel’s claims on land are ridiculous and in blatant disregard of Palestine’s national sovereignty, who Azerbaijan wholeheartedly supports. Our relations with Palestine have remained fraternal and friendly, and we continue to extend our support during rising tensions. Azerbaijan and Palestine share values and principles regarding basic human rights and morals and international law. Azerbaijan generously gave Palestine 5 million dollars for development and maintenance toward East Jerusalem’s infrastructure. Palestine supported Azerbaijan during the Nagorno-Karabahk conflict, and we extend that same spirit and support towards Palestine in the Israel/Palestine conflict.

    Israel’s constant greedy push for territorial expansion encroaches on Palestine’s national sovereignty, and blatantly disregards their right to the land. Azerbaijan considers Palestine a close ally who we will continue to support throughout this conflict and future conflicts. Azerbaijan values highly the national sovereignty of its allies, and this conflict cannot continue for longer than it already has. The situation is frankly ridiculous, and Palestine’s progress and growth as a nation cannot continue to be unfairly hindered by Israel’s ridiculous claims.

  • avatar image
    Malana Chan November 15, 2017 Reply

    Committee: Special Political and Decolonization
    Country: China
    Topic: The Situation in Israel/Palestine

    The People’s Republic of China recognizes that the Israeli and Palestine conflict has been a continuous struggle for many years. On November 29, 1947, the United Nations divided the British Mandate into the Jewish state of Israel, the state of Palestine, and the international zone of Jerusalem. As a result, at least 700,000 Palestinian refugees left for Jordan and other states when the 1948 War broke out. More recently, Israeli officers and Palestinian attackers were killed at the entrance of the Al-Aqsa Mosque, which served as a reminder that this issue has not been resolved. With that said, the People’s Republic of China recognizes that ending the conflict through peace needs to occur.

    Additionally, this issue has gained the attention of China because of economic opportunities and humanitarianism. Currently, China supports Israel because it is a reliable source of economic and technology cooperation. 60% of China’s energy comes from Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, and Iran. With that said, Israel helps connect China and Western states. However, if the Israeli and Palestine conflict worsens, it could potentially jeopardize the oil and gas supply in the Middle East. While China supports Israel because of economic transactions, the country also supports Palestine’s efforts for independence and statehood.

    The People’s Republic of China looks forward to promoting measures through the four-point Middle East peace proposal. The One Belt, One Road initiative calls for a two state solution based on the 1967 lines, with east Jerusalem as the capital of a future Palestinian state. By upholding sustainable security, China hopes to end the Israeli settlement building, prevent violence against civilians, and call for an early resumption of peace talks. Furthermore, the country plans to coordinate international efforts promoting peace through development and cooperation between the Palestinians and Israel.

    Since the issue has raised concerns with many countries, China is open to working with both sides to help find a solution to resolve this matter. The Republic of China feels that many solutions could occur to solve this matter. One includes establishing a Palestinian state to provide security and protection. Also, China feels that countries should support the four – point Middle East peace proposal to provide safety for citizens. Again, The Republic of China feels that these issues can be resolved through peace.

  • avatar image
    Chad November 15, 2017 Reply

    Israel and Palestine conflict has existed for centuries and has lead to thousands of killed people. The conflict spread anti-semitism and Jewish persecution which lead to slaughter of a big part of the population and pushed the survivors to fleed. Palestinian people had to abandoned their home and since then they have being facing the unknown. Now, centuries after the conflict started they are still unable to have a place to call home. Palestinian population is stateless; they are vulnerable to the recruitment of terrorist organizations, they are vulnerable to be forgotten about the other nations, they are afraid of not being able to have a home anymore. Chad encourages to find suitable channels to solve this problem immediately.
    The Resolution 181, the Partition Plan for Palestine,proposed to divide , the territory that is actually being disputed, between the State of Israel, the State of Palestine and to give the control of Jerusalem to a special international system. Jerusalem is a meaningful city for different cultures and religions around the world so we believe that the control of the city should be in hands of an organization which would be partial to the administration of it. Moreover, the Resolution 194 (III) established that after the partitioning of the territory, refugees wishing to return to their homes and live at peace with their neighbours should be permitted to do. This Resolutions established a fair agreement to please both sides of the conflict but why didn’t it work? What benefits were/ are being seeked that the Resolution has not been successful? The only purpose we should seek to solve this conflict is to stop this crisis that has been hold by years. The nation of Chad propose to re-discuss the proposals made by the General Assembly and make the necessary adjustments to it to find a suitable solution.

  • FedericaMiriani
    FedericaMiriani November 15, 2017 Reply

    Israel and Palestine conflict has existed for centuries and has lead to thousands of killed people. The conflict spread anti-semitism and Jewish persecution which lead to slaughter of a big part of the population and pushed the survivors to fleed. Palestinian people had to abandoned their home and since then they have being facing the unknown. Now, centuries after the conflict started they are still unable to have a place to call home. Palestinian population is stateless; they are vulnerable to the recruitment of terrorist organizations, they are vulnerable to be forgotten about the other nations, they are afraid of not being able to have a home anymore. Chad encourages to find suitable channels to solve this problem immediately.
    The Resolution 181, the Partition Plan for Palestine,proposed to divide , the territory that is actually being disputed, between the State of Israel, the State of Palestine and to give the control of Jerusalem to a special international system. Jerusalem is a meaningful city for different cultures and religions around the world so we believe that the control of the city should be in hands of an organization which would be partial to the administration of it. Moreover, the Resolution 194 (III) established that after the partitioning of the territory, refugees wishing to return to their homes and live at peace with their neighbours should be permitted to do. This Resolutions established a fair agreement to please both sides of the conflict but why didn’t it work? What benefits were/ are being seeked that the Resolution has not been successful? The only purpose we should seek to solve this conflict is to stop this crisis that has been hold by years. The nation of Chad propose to re-discuss the proposals made by the General Assembly and make the necessary adjustments to it to find a suitable solution.

  • Spencer_B
    Spencer_B November 15, 2017 Reply

    The Special Political and Decolonization Committee
    The Situation in Israel and Palestine
    The Russian Federation

    Throughout world history, few conflicts have resulted in the dire situation that we are witnessing between the State of Israel and the State of Palestine. With borders that lack true meaning and civilian harm that has resulted in the death of thousands of civilians, the crisis has turned into a situation that needs to be resolved imminently. Not only has the violence caused a chaotic atmosphere in both Israel and Palestine, it has also caused an increase in tension and fear across the entire Middle East, creating a hostile environment for all entities in the region. Russia fully understands that in order to create a more prosperous and peaceful Middles East, we must resolve the crisis in Israel and Palestine.

    Throughout the numerous efforts to create peace, Russia still firmly believes in a two-state solution. The State of Palestine is recognized by 193 nations, more than 70% of the international community. To obliterate or silently dissolve Palestine is an act that would not only disrespect the international community’s clear opinion, it would be a process that would disregard the Palestine people’s basic right to a self-governed and legitimate society. Past and now present efforts to destroy Palestine will lead to the suffering and dislocation of the Palestinian people, further intensifying the refugee crisis in Palestine and the Middle East as a whole. Along with this, violence in the region will increase in all sectors leading to a Middle East which will remain more violent than before. Because of these dire consequences, a plan towards a peaceful solution must be dealt with in this committee and Russia is ready to work with the committee to implement foundational actions to begin the process towards peace.

    Thankfully throughout this conflict, Russia has had wonderful relations with both Israel and Palestine. Russia and Israel share an especially close relationship. Russia was the second country in the world to recognize Israel as a state, only after the United States of America. The population also soared in Israel due to Russian migration, further exemplifying that Russia and Israel share a heritage bond that has existed for decades. Russia also has tremendous support for the state of Palestine, providing monetary support to progress the education of children and to establish mutual economic interaction. Along with this, Russia has worked and agreed with the Arab League to help progress Palestine’s reputation and status in the region and has helped resolve conflicts and violence in the Gaza Strip. Russia is also a pillar member of the Middle East Quartet, a group of international bodies comprised of Russia, the United States of America, the United Nations, and the European Union, all working together to solve the crisis in Israel and Palestine. As a part of this coalition, Russia has worked with both parties to create mutually beneficial agreements that allow for a two-state solution to succeed.

    In dealing with this crisis, Russia would like to act as a mediator in order to resolve the situation in an unbiased and cooperative manner. Throughout the countless negotiation attempts to solve this conflict, no meaningful progress has been reached and the process has been filled with inadequate agreements, bias negotiations, and suffocating international entanglement. Russia believes that its beneficial history with both Israel and Palestine allows us to properly act not as a forceful negotiator, but as a neutral friend. Russia, along with its fellow member nations, understand the only way towards creating a stable solution to any problem is an impactful and agreeable foundation. This foundation will only be achieved through realistic and manageable first steps, and not a full, hastily organized solution. Because of this principle, Russia looks forward to collaborating with other member nations to properly plan and distinguish these beginning plans in order to ignite a process that will lead to peace. In order to establish this foundation, 3 goals must be achieved.

    Firstly, In order for any solution to work, international legal agreements must be respected and upheld. This principle is especially true in the current crisis. This situation must be handled on an international legal basis with both Israel and Palestine effecting previous international agreements, specifically United Nations Security Council Resolutions 242, 338, 1397, 1515, 1850, and 2334, all of which contain specifics on how borders will be regulated, how violence must be stopped, and the legal validity of settlement actions. As a clear and already agreed upon goal, Israel must bring an immediate halt of future Israeli settlements on the West Bank in compliance with resolution 2334, where it is clearly stated that the Security Council has a “grave concern that continuing Israeli settlement activities are dangerously imperilling the viability of the two-State solution based on the 1967 lines”. Along with this, Israel must comply with Security Council resolution 1515, which Russia proposed and passed, which requires Israel to comply with the guidelines established in the “Road Map for Peace”, which requires an to end discriminatory violence against Palestinians along with the freezing of new settlement development and dismantling of current settlements. These actions are all necessary in order for Israel to respect the borders of the State of Palestine that has been occupied since 1967.

    Secondly, Russia believes that the committee should consider requesting support from the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), and other non-governmental organizations in order to establish safer environments for children in the region along with creating better educational opportunities and systems within Palestine. Throughout the crisis, children across Palestine have become victims of this terrible war and children of all ages have faced numerous casualties and injuries. In order to prevent this situation from becoming a larger disaster, Russia urges the international community to act now and prevent a problem that can continue to grow and affect the entire country for decades.

    Thirdly, this committee should consider actions to give Palestine a fair and equal voice. Only then will the process for peace be started. While Palestine has been given the rights to join multiple international organizations such as United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and the International Police (INTERPOL), Russia urges all states that support a two-state solution to unite together and confront the Security Council on giving Palestine a permanent membership to the United Nations along with recognizing Palestine statehood. Russia, along with a majority of the international community, already recognize Palestine as a state and comprehend their legitimacy as an international entity. Russia believes the committee must unite to send a clear set of action plans as a symbolic statement to the other Security Council members that we support the State of Palestine and that Palestine needs to be given a fair and equal voice in the peace process. In our committee’s resolution, there must be a clear set of plans for the Security Council to begin the Palestine membership implementation process and the process to officially recognize Palestine as a state, in order to give Palestine the role it deserves.

    Russia looks forward to working with the committee to establish clear and manageable foundational steps that will make a real impact on solving this crisis for the future.

  • CyanPile
    CyanPile November 15, 2017 Reply

    Special Political and Decolonization Committee
    The Situation in Israel/Palestine
    Laos
    Sam Shepich

    The Israeli-Palestinian conflict was sparked by the upwelling of nationalism amongst the Zionists and Palestinians. The region has suffered multiple wars and attacks that have stemmed from the ratification of UN General Assembly Resolution 181 and have continued to the present day. Both Palestinians and Israelis are able to trace their roots to the region. Thus, each group feels an inarguable right to the land, Jerusalem in particular. Due to its historical and religious importance, it is crucial that it retains its status as an international zone. The Lao People’s Democratic Republic recognizes the complexity of this situation and believes that the nature of this dissension is due wholly to national identity and borders.

    The nation of Laos is sympathetic towards those affected by the conflict. Information from the Human Rights Watch affirms the enactment of Israeli policies that control many aspects of the daily lives of Palestinians who reside under Israeli control. These policies often have no conceivable security justification. Cessation of discriminatory practices and biased laws may result in a long-term solution to the situation. Furthermore, Lao PDR strongly supports the proposal of a two-state solution as proffered in the Oslo Accords.

    As a proletariat-centric republic, Lao PDR takes umbrage at any loss of life or property presented to innocent people. His Excellency Mr. Thongloun Sisoulith, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Lao PDR asserted at the 69th Session of the General Assembly of the United Nations, “We join the international community in urging all parties concerned to resolve the issue of Palestine in an urgent manner based on the principle of creating two independent states of Palestine and Israel living side by side in peace.” However, mutual-recognition is the sine qua non to begin the process of the two-state solution as per the requirements listed in the Oslo Accords. Israel must terminate its continued violation of international humanitarian law by relocating their citizens that occupy West Bank. They must also recognize the State of Palestine’s sovereignty. Lao PDR is anticipating a cooperative effort to create a peaceful and prosperous resolution to this discord.

  • Oliviacarpenter
    Oliviacarpenter November 15, 2017 Reply

    Czech Republic
    Special Political Committee
    The Situation in Israel and Palestine
    Olivia Carpenter

    The disputed and escalating conflicts in Israel-Palestine have endured for over a century and remains without a solution. The desire for peace and land for the two nations began in the early 1900s when Zionism immigrated to the Middle East from European nations and has remained as a desire of attaining sovereignty for the two nations. The issue seems pretty simple: Israel is a country; Palestine is not. However, that is where the simplicity ends. The Palestinians and Israelis have opposed peace-striving actions made by the United Nations and have recently resulted in an attack on the Al-Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem, an extremely holy site for either religion. This ongoing dispute is simply not about the differences between the two religions but plainly land. To resolve this conflict, the United Nations Special Political Committee must endorse a two-state plan and provide aid for the thousands of lives lost and injured.

    Czech Republic, Israel’s “best friend,” has ultimateley sided with Israel throughout the entire conflict and will continue to do so. Czech Republic voted no against Palestinian Authority’s bid for semi-statehood at the United Nations and calls an end to the violence in the region. Czechs partially identify with Israelis, with Israel being a democratic state surrounded by non-democratic governments, much like Czechoslovakia once was. Czech Republic believes that the close relationship and common foundation of geopolitical and economic interest between Israel and Czech Republic will help Israelis understand the European Union’s stance on the situation and facilitate a resolution.

    Czech Republic believes that to solve this issue, Israel must need secure and defensible borders in case of any attacks, and that a “land for peace” will not promote peace forever. In the words of our own Prime Minister Petr Necas “…one must cling to the truth even if the majority is not with you.” As both small nations surrounded by enemies, Czech Republic will stand next to Israel in whatever resolution as well as sticking to the fact that peace cannot be attained without justice.

  • avatar image
    Nicholas Hare November 15, 2017 Reply

    Special Political and Decolonization Committee
    The Situation in Israel/Palestine
    The Federal Republic of Nigeria
    Nicholas Hare

    Neither the people of Israel or the people of Palestine are correct when it comes to the situation in Israel/Palestine. There are major border problems that need to be fixed. There are riots that are taking place against the Israeli people. There are walls being built to keep the Palestines segregated. There has been tension between the two groups for a long time. U.S camp negotiations did not work. Both party does seem to think that the other one is not willing to compromise. Even through numerous peace deals and negotiation efforts, Israel/Palestine is still having major conflicts within its country and there does not seem to be the perfect solution.

    Nigeria was once ruled by european powers that help Nigeria become the country they are today. They taught our power modern technology and gave us new and better techniques to live our lives. However, during that rule the people of Nigeria were oppressed and treated awfully. After the British Empire gave up power and helped create a new government in Nigeria things quickly turned south. The government the british have helped establish was corrupt and eventually created a blood civil war within the country of Nigeria. A similar situation is taking place in Israel/Palestine.

    The state of Israel needs to split with the state of Palestine. The Jewish people who took the land of the native people and are forcing them into walls is completely wrong and the people of Palestine need their state back. The Federal Republic of Nigeria recommend the solution of negotiations between the people of Palestine and people of Israel with swift punishment if either side fails to compromise. There needs to be clear borders with the split of the countries and a negotiation about how to get the Israelis out of the Palestine populated areas. The Federal Republic of Nigeria believes that Palestinians deserve their own country back before the greedy western influence took their land away and gave it to the the fleeing Jews trying to join the state of Israel. We believe that there should be a punishment for the Israelis living in the Palestinians’ territory and a reward for the Israelis that move back to their own territory. Adding on, Israeling buildings built in none Israeli grounds need to be sold to the state of Palestine at minimal cost.

    The situation in Israel/Palestine is a complex issue that does not simply have one perfect solution. There is no way to stop conflict from happening: however, we can stop from the state of Israel/Palestine from going into a civil war like it did in The Federal Republic of Nigeria. There is no solution that would end violence but with certain restrictions and rewards, we can certainly limit the violence and discrimination that is taking place within the state of Israel/Palestine.

  • Cdzubak044
    Cdzubak044 November 15, 2017 Reply

    Special Political and Decolonization Committee
    The Situation in Israel/Palestine
    Mexico

    The situation in Israel and Palestine is was one the longest in history, and has resulted in thousands upon thousands of deaths on both sides. Recently, we recognized 100 years of the Balfour Declaration, which saw Great Britain granting Israel an official homeland. Palestine, however, looked upon the declaration with heavy disgust, and conflict between the two countries has been present ever since.

    While Mexico is in favor of a two-state resolution, it seems unlikely that this could be a possibility. Faced with new challenges, Mexico is known for usually voting with Arab countries, and has had past relations with Palestine. There have been multiple times where Mexico has jumped to criticize Israel’s army’s actions Palestine’s people. Recently, however, Mexico’s support may shift from its usual stance to now support Israel.

    In October of 2016, the UNESCO voted on the Jerusalem Resolution, which would ignore any reference of Jewish ties to the Temple Mount. Originally, Mexico would abstain from the vote, but then called for a revote to in order to vote no and support Israel. Israel has commented that it is a “great Israel achievement” that Mexico has decided to change its vote in order to show Israel support.

    In the end, this committee is meant to come together to find a solution that appeases the masses. While Mexico can be expected to show more support to Israel, we can not ignore our ties to Palestine and other Arab countries, and are ready and willing to work together with both sides to find a resolution.

  • avatar image
    Jordan Lilly November 15, 2017 Reply

    Special Political and Decolonization Committee
    The Situation in Israel/Palestine
    The Federal Republic of Germany
    Jordan Lilly

    The modern conflict between the State of Israel and the State of Palestine is one which has only been growing since the 1800s. Antisemitism worldwide has pushed Jews to flee to their Mediterranean homeland for centuries. The Jewish Israelis built communities where, before, there had been none and made active attempts not to engage violently with the preexisting Arabic communities against them. The conclusion expressed by the first investigative council sent by the United Nations into the region was that Israeli Jews had a right to the land they had immigrated to. This decision was reached just before the UN vote on Israel’s right to statehood in 1947 and heavily influenced the creation of Resolution 181(II). With regards to the conflict between Israelis and Palestinians, the two clash naturally as a result of prejudiced and hateful rhetoric spewed over hundreds of years. The Palestinians may be primitive in their ethnocentric thinking and hateful religious zeal, but Germany does support their right, at this point in time, to protect and defend their borders. Such borders have been defined and redefined too many times over the years, first in 1947, then again in 1967 and multiple times in the 2000s.

    Since the end of World War II, Germany has made great lengths in furthering diplomacy with the Israelis. Germany has supported and invested in the State of Israel and has worked to establish special diplomatic relations with the Israeli community. In 1952, Germany made one of its first strides towards diplomacy when West Germany offered to pay reparations to the Israeli government as well as Israeli victims of the Holocaust. As of 2007, Germany has paid 25 billion euros in reparations to the Israeli state and talks have continued about further reparations. Germany is currently Israel’s largest European trading partner, as well as their second largest worldwide, just behind the United States. German exports around 2.3 billion USD in trade goods/services to Israel, making it Germany’s fourth largest trading partner in North Africa and the Middle East. Israeli and German cabinets have met annually since 2008, and Germany wishes to continue these meetings, although they have been at a standstill due to recent events. Germany is disappointed by recent Israeli attempts to continue to push back the borders of Palestine by authorizing Israeli’s to settle on privately owned Palestinian lands. Israel must be restrained at this point if they wish to see a peaceful agreement reached. Even though these acts have not reached harsh measures and have offered compensation to Palestinians, they are approaching a breach of international law and reflect badly on the Israeli state. If this expansion continues, the hope for a two-state solution will become essentially inconceivable and that will anger many nations. Germany greatly values their alliance with Israel but it would seem that, as of recent, that alliance can progress no further until the tension in the region is addressed and dealt with.

    Germany would be in favor of a two-state solution in which borders are established along the 1967 territorial lines. Currently, the majority of the international community views all Israeli construction over the 1967 Green Line as illegal. The Israeli fight for independence was a cause wholeheartedly backed by Germany; a cause which Germany still stands firmly behind. Israel has fought for and secured its right to exist for so long that it would be inhumane to forcefully rescind their statehood now. Israel reserves the right to exist and defend its territories. However, Germany also recognizes the natural tension between Muslim Palestinian Arabs and Jewish Israelis. With the harsh contrast of the ethnocentric and religious tensions between the two communities, such a solution seems unlikely to be attainable. However, Germany is optimistic that the diplomatic efforts of the member states of the United Nations are the most qualified and capable to negotiate such a solution. If, and when, such a solution is reached, the UN should aid Israel and Palestine both in handling any resulting refugee crisis, and ensuring that refugees receive humane treatment and efficient, but thorough care in their relocation. If there is any hope at all of decreasing tensions and conflict in the region, it is in a two-state solution where borders between Israel and Palestine are clearly and fairly defined.

  • AndrewJudge
    AndrewJudge November 15, 2017 Reply

    Special Political and Decolonization Committee
    The situation in Israel/Palestine
    State of Israel
    Andrew Judge

    No issue has been more important in defining the Middle East as the Israeli-Arab conflicts. Ever since the inception of the State of Israel, the citizens living there have been under attack by multiple entities intent on destroying their entire population and their way of life. Israel is a needed safe haven for the Jewish population. Persecuted for centuries by many different nations and groups of people, this country was formed to defend the remnants of the Jews that weren’t killed during World War II. Israel’s creation created enemies though, and today, the constant threat of attack and terrorism looms on the nation. Legitimate governments in surrounding nations fund illegitimate terrorist groups and militias, and constant fighting occurs. Conflicts like the Arab – Israeli wars and the 6 Day War proves that the surrounding nations are vying for power in the region, and the chance to see Israel fall. Recently, there has been extreme cases of bias in the UN towards Israeli issues. Even former Secretary General Ban Ki Moon admitted that during his time in the UN he noticed “disproportionate amounts of resolutions” aimed towards the disruption of Jewish sovereignty in the region. The UN must remain stable on the issue of Israel, and work hard to promote peace in the region and condemn the forces that try to erase the state’s democratic and Jewish identity.

    Israeli citizens living near areas like the Gaza Strip are constantly in fear of rocket and terrorist attacks. Incursions on their territory by Palestinian insurgents is common. The terrorists pose as civilians, and will try and eliminate Israeli Defense Force soldiers with weapons like knives, guns, and explosives. State-sponsored terrorists receive support with weapons and aid from countries like Iran, Saudi Arabia, and Lebanon. Other countries must protect Israeli influence in the Middle East and stop others from curbing it in the UN. More than 45 resolutions have been passed by other countries condemning Israel for its violent but defensive reactions towards militant Palestinians who threaten the security of Israeli civilians. This means that the Human Rights Council has passed more harmful resolutions against Israel than the rest of the world combined. This clear bias must be stopped by all moderate members of the United Nations. The economic, defensive, and cultural influence that Israel has with its allies in the the world is one of the major reasons why the Jewish population living securely inside of its borders has not been persecuted or destroyed by foreign entities. Israel’s allies must come forward and put a stop to the actions of hostile nations in the UN. It is the duty of all peace loving nations to show support for the Israeli cause, and actually act upon the messages of solidarity and peace that they so often speak about at the UN.

    Israel pleads to the nations of the world to effectively address the Israeli-Palestinian sovereignty issues with haste and logic. The state proposes that the United Nations rule in favor of Israel when conflict and trouble arises in the area. The country offers protection to the largest Jewish population in the world, and works hard to promote stability and peace in the region. The world cannot fall into the traps that terrorists and belligerent nations have set for the region, and must ensure that Israel thrives for years to come.

  • Danh-T
    Danh-T November 15, 2017 Reply

    Special Political and Decolonization Committee
    The Situation in Israel/Palestine
    Switzerland
    Tammy Danh
    Switzerland is aware of the ongoing conflict between Israel and Palestine over the ownership of the “holy” land. Switzerland recommends the two-state solution with respects to human rights. In conformity with United Nations Security Council resolution 242, Switzerland recognises the State of Israel within the borders that existed prior to the Six-Day War of 1967 (“Green Line”). Israeli settlements are illegal under international humanitarian law and a major obstacle to peace and the implementation of the two-state solution.
    Having examined the key issues of mutual recognition, borders, security, and the control of Jerusalem, Switzerland emphasizes the significance of abiding by the guidelines placed by the UN. The fourth Geneva Convention protects civilian population and defines the rights and obligations of Israel as an occupying power. The Israeli settlements are illegal according to international humanitarian law of the fourth Geneva Convention and constitutes a violation of human rights particularly to the civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights of the Palestinian people and their right to self-determination.
    Recalling that Switzerland is listed as the fifth most peaceful country, Switzerland hopes to maintain good relations with both sides. The cornerstones of Swiss foreign policy in the Middle East are peace-building measures, development cooperation, humanitarian aid, and the fostering of International Law. We encourage the recognition of Israel’s right to exist within safe and internationally recognized borders and Palestine’s right to set up a viable state in accordance with the UN Security Council Resolution 1397 – the first Security Council resolution to call for a two-state solution.
    Although Switzerland supports the two-state solution, we condemn the partition’s profiling in assigning people to states based upon their human characteristics. Noting that this contradicts human rights because equal treatment requires the recognition of individuals irrespective of their ethnic, racial or religious identity. Israelis and Palestinians must reject obnoxious forms of human profiling should they agree on a partition plan. A human rights approach could assist both Israel and Palestine. Human rights contain reciprocal responsibilities against irredentism and requires a commitment to state unity. Also, human rights do not exclude a partition of Israel and can help to facilitate Palestinian self-determination in a manner that comports with other important rights, such as the rule of non-discrimination. Human rights merely requires that groups treat each other with what legal philosopher Ronald Dworkin termed “equal concern and respect.”
    Nonetheless, the result of these negotiations must safeguard free access to holy places for Jews, Christians and Muslims of all nationalities. Switzerland opposes the building of the separation barrier that deviates from the “Green Line” and contravenes International Law. Accordingly, Switzerland will not recognize any changes to the 1967 borders, including with regard to Jerusalem, unless it results from a negotiated agreement between the parties.

  • NatalieHoward
    NatalieHoward November 15, 2017 Reply

    Special Political and Decolonization Committee
    The Situation in Israel/Palestine
    United Kingdom
    Natalie Howard

    Conflicts between Israel and Palestine have been brewing since the 19th century. Over the years tensions have continued to go unresolved. In 1948 the Israel Palestine region erupted into a chaotic war, causing nearly 1 million Palestinian refugees to flee to neighboring countries. As a result of the influx of refugees, surrounding nations have now been thrust into the conflict, many of these regions such as Jordan, and Lebanon are unable to support these refugees, both economically and spatially. Disputes and conflicts, often ending in gridlock and violence have not digressed in recent years. Israel and Palestine have gone decades without a solution, the time to change that is now.

    The United Kingdom is extremely troubled by the lack of solutions for the Israeli and Palestinian people. The United Kingdom believes that the status of Jerusalem needs to be determined by the UN, however the United Kingdom believes that Jerusalem should not be divided between Palestine and Israel. The British Government supports Palestine’s right to establish a sovereign and independent state. In recent years the United Kingdom has contributed an abundance of monetary funds for both Israel and Palestine. The United Kingdom has been actively helping displaced people in surrounding middle-eastern countries, through both physical and monetary aid.

    The United Kingdom believes that the United Nations Special Political Committee needs to work hard in order to achieve a final cohesive solution that ends the countless years of conflict. We believe that, both Palestine and Israel are entitled to the holy land of Jerusalem, but as blatantly seen in the past, dividing the land is pointless in diminishing the problem. The United Kingdom believes that one of the first steps in solving this issue is to recognize Palestine as a sovereign state. In order to achieve this solution we need compromise from both parties to end violence and fear. The United Kingdom looks forward to solving this issue in committee.

  • Elliotsilk
    Elliotsilk November 15, 2017 Reply

    Special Political and Decolonization Committee (SPECPOL)
    Subject: Israeli/Palestinian Conflict
    Country: Palestine
    Delegate: Elliot Silk
    School: The Roeper School

    Esteemed delegates,

    It is despicable that the Palestinian people continue to live in fear of the Israelis. The subject of the rightful Palestinian territory has been discussed numerous times in the past in this exact setting of the United Nations. It is time to finish this conflict once and for all. Palestine would be willing to discuss a two-state solution with the boarders outlined in 1967. With this being said, a formal armistice must be declared, solidifying that Israel will immediately cease the irreversible destruction that it has caused to the nation of Palestine.

    In 1947, the United Nations adopted resolution 181 (II) granting Israel and Palestine their rightful sovereign boarders. The division was approximately 52% Israeli and 48% Palestinian. This never had the opportunity to be enacted. Only 20 years later, Palestine not only lost 26% more of the agreed upon land, but had more than 400,000 Palestinian civilians displaced from the destruction caused by Israel. At this time, our people were allotted a meek 22% of Historic Palestine. As Israel continued to encroach and kill innocent civilians—which is directly violating Humanitarian Law—the Palestinian boarders continued to shrink. As of 2010, there is only 12% of the original land available to Palestinian citizens. Israel has the audacity to continue to occupy land that we have been formally granted in The Oslo Accords—a document that both Yassir Arafat and Yitzhak Rabin both signed in 1993. This agreement further divided the West Bank into sections A, B, and C. Area C (which consists of 66% of the West Bank) is to be Israel-controlled land, while the remaining minority of it is shared space and strictly Palestinian-controlled. Despite this formal agreement, Israeli’s continue to settle in the infinitesimal section A. We will not stand for any more of our rightful land to be blatantly stripped from us.

    Israel continues to show no progress toward any solution. In November of 2015, Israel directly opposed France’s international peace initiative, stating that they would not attend. “Nagel and Molho clearly and unequivocally stressed to the French envoy Israel’s position that genuine advancement of the peace process and reaching an agreement will only come through direct negotiations between Israel and the Palestinians” (https://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/1.751541). The reason for this is solely to prolong the repression of the citizens of Palestine.

    Do not mistake this briefness of this as cowardly. The proud nation of Palestine looks forward to meeting on 29 November 2017 to finally put this issue to rest.

  • Ckuntzman17
    Ckuntzman17 November 15, 2017 Reply

    Special Political Committee
    The Situation in Israel and Palestine
    Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia
    Caroline Kuntzman

    The situation in Israel and Palestine is very difficult and complex in its nature. It began with the development of Zionism, an idea that, at the time of its creation, Jews should move to the then Ottoman controlled land called Palestine and create a Jewish state there. Zionism became a political movement in 1897 and became increasingly popular as anti Semitism increased in Europe during the 1930s. The Jewish population continued to increase, reaching 30% of Palestine’s population by 1936. Around the same time, members of the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood began attacking Palestinian Jews and their property, prompting Britain, the ruling power in Palestine at the time, to take action.They tried reducing Jewish immigration but it did not work.

    In 1948, the UN partitioned Palestine in hopes it would deescalate the situation. The Palestinian territory was divided into two main sections, the Gaza Strip and West Bank, with Israel holding a central area. During the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, about 700,000 Palestinians were displaced, a number that has risen to about 6.5 million Palestinians today. They make up a third of the global refugee population, with 3.5 million Palestinian refugees registered to receive aid from the UN. The 1967 Six Day War saw Israel occupying both territories, which they are continuing to encroach upon today. Palestine is also not a member of the UN, having received only non-member observer status, while Israel is.

    Ethiopia wishes to strengthen its ties to both Palestine and Israel. They have made an effort to support both countries on issues, having allowed Israel to go through with Operations Moses, Joshua, and Solomon, the three airlifts that transported approximately 20,000 Jews out of Ethiopia and into Israel. Ethiopia is also grateful to Israel’s assistance with their military and wants to continue working on their relationship. Ethiopia is also looking to improve relations with Palestine. They acknowledge recognize Palestine as a country and are concerned by its lack of rights.

    Ethiopia believes the UN must acknowledge Palestine as a country if the situation is to improve. They support the Palestine 194 plan and would be inclined to vote in favor of it should it reach security council. Ethiopia recommends the UN prioritise finding permanent homes for the Palestinian refugees, preferably in Palestine or nearby countries willing to accept Palestinians. Ethiopia urges Israel and Palestine to return to their 1948 borders and encourages the UN to host peace talks between leaders from both sides.

  • avatar image
    Joseph Van Boxtel November 15, 2017 Reply

    Special Political and Decolonization Committee
    The Situation in Israel/Palestine
    United States of America
    Joseph William Van Boxtel

    Tensions between the State of Israel and the Palestinian Authority have existed since Israel was declared a state in 1948. Furthermore, conflict between Jews and Arabs has been profuse since the late nineteenth and early twentieth century. The dispute itself comes down to ownership and religion. Facing persecution all across Western Europe — particularly during the Holocaust in Nazi Germany — many Israeli Jews sought refuge in the Holy Land of Jerusalem and Israel itself. Their claim to the land laid on thousands of years of history where Jews lived and ruled the lands of Israel. The Palestinians had similar claims to this holy land; they too have ancestral ties lasting generations. When United Nations General Assembly Resolution 181 was passed in 1948, the Palestinians saw their home being divided and shared with a group with whom they were at odds with at every fundamental level. Civil war broke out between the Arab forces of the Middle East against the Israeli Jews, leading to 700,000 Palestinian refugees and Israeli control of 77% of Israel. The Camp David Accords sought to bring peace and stability to the Middle Eastern region; however, with relationships never fully mending since the military engagement of the Six-Day-War, the strife between the Israelis and Palestinians, as well as Jews and Arabs, remains hostile and unresolved. In order to bring stability to this ever unstable region, the Special Political and Decolonization Committee must address means to rectify these matters.

    The United States of America has a heavily vested interest in the conflict between the State of Israel and Palestinian Authority. Years of warfare within this region force this issue to remain at the forefront of United States foreign policy. From President Jimmy Carter working to help Israel and their Arab neighbors to strike a bargain with the Camp David Accords, to President Bill Clinton working to facilitate a deal between Israel and the Palestinian Liberation Organization with the Oslo Accords, the United States has illustrated time and time again our desire to help achieve peace between our Israeli allies and their Arab neighbors. Our first priority has always been taking actions structured so that we can protect and promote peace within this ever conflicting region. With that being said, the State of Israel’s needs take preference in United States policy as our century long allegiance forces us to protect our ally. The United States has stood with the Israeli people for decades, providing billions of dollars annually in military aid and support. The United States refuses to take a backseat role as we watch the rest of the United Nations try and undermine our Israeli allies with resolutions such as United Nations Security Council Resolution 2334 that question the validity of Israeli settlements in areas such as East Jerusalem. Past administrations have stood passive; we will no longer. Our duty remains to protect and secure the prosperity of our Israeli allies against all those who stand against their sovereignty.

    The United States of America proposes the creation of a committee within the United Nations to help facilitate, not impose, a diplomatic solution between the State of Israel and the Palestinian Authority. We are currently working on a proposal that we believe will bring these two groups of people closer towards our goal of peace within the Middle Eastern region. However, whether it be a two state, Israeli-Palestinian solution that creates two independent states comprised of “two states for two [different] groups of people” or the creation of a single state that allows “Christians, Jews, and Muslims to live together” in peace and prosperity, the United States urges both bodies to work together diplomatically for the good of their peoples. It is pivotal that peace be forged between two groups of people who have been in constant conflict for nearly a century. In a country where people of all backgrounds, beliefs, and perspectives peacefully coexist among one another, the United States urges the Israelis and Palestinians to follow in our wake and bring on an era of peace and prosperity within the Middle Eastern Region where Christians, Jews, and Muslims alike can live in harmony like this region has never seen before.

  • Joeyvanboxtel
    Joeyvanboxtel November 15, 2017 Reply

    Special Political and Decolonization Committee
    The Situation in Yemen
    United States of America
    Joseph William Van Boxtel

    The situation in Yemen has been dire for the past couple years. Tension has existed since President Ali Abdullah Saleh agreed to hand over power to Abdrabbuh Mansour Hadi in 2012, months after the Yemeni people had been urging for a change of power in the regime. In the process, the Houthi Rebels — primarily consisting of Yemen’s Shia Muslim minority — took advantage of this change in power to assert control over northern regions such as the Saada province. Failure to compromise between these two parties has led to chaos. The Republic of Yemen is now facing both a humanitarian crisis with refugees and disease, but also political chaos and economic catastrophe. The international community has tried and failed three times to mediate peace in Yemen, first failing when the Gulf Co-operation Council tried to facilitate peace in 2012 during the change of power from Saleh to Hadi. Further, the May 2015 peace fire stopped the fighting for a mere four days, until on the fourth day of the truce fighting broke out in numerous governorates in southern Yemen. Finally, the Sultanate of Oman worked to broker peace in 2015 with the Omani Initiative, a seven point plan between Iran, who supports the shiite Houthi Rebels, and Saudi Arabia, who supports Hadi and the government. All three of these attempts for peace have failed to rectify the chaos in this region. And now the situation in Yemen is a bad as it has ever been, with the country facing the “fastest-growing chlorella epidemic ever recorded” and also the “world’s biggest food food emergency.” It is pivotal for the Special Political and Decolonization to address means to bring stability to Yemen and the Middle East as a whole.

    A leader in the efforts to bring peace and prosperity to the Middle Eastern region, the United States of America treats this crisis very seriously. With 3.1 million refugees displaced from their home and 60 percent of the population lacking food security, it is apparent that sufficient progress needs to be made to restore Yemen and its people. The United States of America is committed to aiding the Yemeni people and ridding their country of the rebels and terrorist organizations that seek to destroy it. On July 8, the United States announced an addition $639 million in new humanitarian funds to support emergency response in Yemen, particularly to combat food scarcity and malnutrition. This contribution makes the United States $1.8 billion of assistance the single largest humanitarian effort to counter this crisis. Additionally, we have taken measures to restore stability within the region as well as eliminate terrorists groups when United States Navy Seal Team 6 underwent “highly successful” missions, according to President Trump, in both January and May in order to gain intel and counteract the emergence of Al Qaeda in Yemen. Further, on November 13 the United States House of Representatives voted in favor of a bipartisan bill that calls on the United States and all its allies to “increase efforts to adopt all necessary and appropriate measures to prevent civilian casualties.” While we have previously supported Saudi Arabia with its efforts to support President Hadi against the Houthi Rebels and the Islamic Republic of Iran, the United States is now seeking a way to end this conflict without further warfare in order to end the humanitarian and refugee crisis as well as seeking efforts to reduce starvation and food scarcity in Yemen. Our dedication to increase humanitarian efforts within the region as well as our commitment to put our own troops at risk in order to counteract terrorism illustrate the United States’s commitment to stand against those who seek chaos and rebellion and stand with the government of Yemen.

    It is the United States responsibility as well as the United Nations to stabilize this precarious situation. In order to ensure proper humanitarian efforts being made, the United States urges that the United Nations forms a committee specifically dedicating its efforts to the aid of the Yemeni people as well as working to facilitate a deal between the Houthi rebels and the government. Further, it is imperative that this committee also discusses how to handle the situation between Saudi Arabia and the Islamic Republic of Iran; both taken significant positions against one another with the former in support of the government and the latter supporting the Houthi rebels. Peace is pivotal in order to end this humanitarian crisis. The only way for peace to be attained is the United Nations involvement in order to reduce the military conflict as well as raise proper funds so that the country may begin to heal both the economic and health crisis that persist.

  • Joeyvanboxtel
    Joeyvanboxtel November 15, 2017 Reply

    Special Political and Decolonization Committee
    The Situation in Israel/Palestine
    United States of America
    Joseph William Van Boxtel

    Tensions between the State of Israel and the Palestinian Authority have existed since Israel was declared a state in 1948. Furthermore, conflict between Jews and Arabs has been profuse since the late nineteenth and early twentieth century. The dispute itself comes down to ownership and religion. Facing persecution all across Western Europe — particularly during the Holocaust in Nazi Germany — many Israeli Jews sought refuge in the Holy Land of Jerusalem and Israel itself. Their claim to the land laid on thousands of years of history where Jews lived and ruled the lands of Israel. The Palestinians had similar claims to this holy land; they too have ancestral ties lasting generations. When United Nations General Assembly Resolution 181 was passed in 1948, the Palestinians saw their home being divided and shared with a group with whom they were at odds with at every fundamental level. Civil war broke out between the Arab forces of the Middle East against the Israeli Jews, leading to 700,000 Palestinian refugees and Israeli control of 77% of Israel. The Camp David Accords sought to bring peace and stability to the Middle Eastern region; however, with relationships never fully mending since the military engagement of the Six-Day-War, the strife between the Israelis and Palestinians, as well as Jews and Arabs, remains hostile and unresolved. In order to bring stability to this ever unstable region, the Special Political and Decolonization Committee must address means to rectify these matters.

    The United States of America has a heavily vested interest in the conflict between the State of Israel and Palestinian Authority. Years of warfare within this region force this issue to remain at the forefront of United States foreign policy. From President Jimmy Carter working to help Israel and their Arab neighbors to strike a bargain with the Camp David Accords, to President Bill Clinton working to facilitate a deal between Israel and the Palestinian Liberation Organization with the Oslo Accords, the United States has illustrated time and time again our desire to help achieve peace between our Israeli allies and their Arab neighbors. Our first priority has always been taking actions structured so that we can protect and promote peace within this ever conflicting region. With that being said, the State of Israel’s needs take preference in United States policy as our century long allegiance forces us to protect our ally. The United States has stood with the Israeli people for decades, providing billions of dollars annually in military aid and support. The United States refuses to take a backseat role as we watch the rest of the United Nations try and undermine our Israeli allies with resolutions such as United Nations Security Council Resolution 2334 that question the validity of Israeli settlements in areas such as East Jerusalem. Past administrations have stood passive; we will no longer. Our duty remains to protect and secure the prosperity of our Israeli allies against all those who stand against their sovereignty.

    The United States of America proposes the creation of a committee within the United Nations to help facilitate, not impose, a diplomatic solution between the State of Israel and the Palestinian Authority. We are currently working on a proposal that we believe will bring these two groups of people closer towards our goal of peace within the Middle Eastern region. However, whether it be a two state, Israeli-Palestinian solution that creates two independent states comprised of “two states for two [different] groups of people” or the creation of a single state that allows “Christians, Jews, and Muslims to live together” in peace and prosperity, the United States urges both bodies to work together diplomatically for the good of their peoples. It is pivotal that peace be forged between two groups of people who have been in constant conflict for nearly a century. In a country where people of all backgrounds, beliefs, and perspectives peacefully coexist among one another, the United States urges the Israelis and Palestinians to follow in our wake and bring on an era of peace and prosperity within the Middle Eastern Region where Christians, Jews, and Muslims alike can live in harmony like this region has never seen before.

  • Normanj15
    Normanj15 November 15, 2017 Reply

    Special Political Committee
    The Situation In Israel and Palestine
    Finland
    Jack Norman
    It is an interesting puzzle that the middle east and more specifically Israel and Palestine have found themselves in. Finland can sympathize with the position that Palestine finds themselves in concerning the Gaza Strip. In post cold war negotiations Finland was faithful in its adherence to the policies outlined by the Soviets. This is as things should be, the UN recognizes the Gaza strip as Palestinian territory and as such it should be left alone by the Israelis, simple as that. It is of course within the knowledge of Finland that things are not necessarily as they should be and that there are more things at play in this situation than simply logic and borders but also religion and the cultures of both Israel and Palestine.

    As this is the case it is the belief of Finland that deescalation would be the prudent decision, said deescalation would be achieved not only through a series of bilateral forums between the two but also through UN sanctions concerning arms trading with both countries. It is undeniable that Israel has performed unspeakable atrocities towards the Palestinians, especially those inhabiting the Gaza strip however there is only one solution, one country must turn sword to plowshare and cease retaliations for aggression by doing so the deescalation process would begin.

    Finland is displeased with the utter lack of effort to keep the peace on the Gaza strip. Finland and Russia have kept a secure and productive border for many years and have had few or no issues. The problem between the Gaza Palestinians and the Israelis is that the Israelis fail to accept the Palestinians as a separate, insular culture and seek to integrate them into the whole of Israel despite the wishes of the Palestinians which adds yet another complication to what should be the eventual goal of this conflict should be which is to have two separate non-aggressive nations. Death begets death and until one side breaks the cycle the atrocities will continue.

    Finland believes that the UN should acknowledge Palestine as a country so as to allow for formal peace talks and to create a justification for the punishment of Israel’s atrocities. The UN should also facilitate peace talks between the two countries that would also focus on the improvement of the Palestinian economy in tandem with that of Israel thus modeling the most productive system, that being a method of interdependent capitalism. This would serve to create stability in both nations and as such lead to peace.

  • NickL
    NickL November 15, 2017 Reply

    Uruguay
    Nick Leach
    Grand Blanc High School
    Special Political and Decolonization Committee
    The Situation in Israel/Palestine

    This situation first arose in the 19th century and is mainly about tensions between Arab Muslims and Israeli Jews.It mainly accumulated around the Holocaust. It mainly stated after WWII when the jews immigrated into Palestinian territory and claimed a piece of it as Israel as a result from the United Nations General Assembly resolution. A conflict that came out of this was the Arab – Israeli war. This conflict took place from 1947-1949, shortly after World War II. Both the Israelis and Arabs were dissatisfied with British Policies. Because of this war 700,000 Arabs were expelled or fled their homes. There was also the Six-Day war in 1967. They were also involved in the Lebanese civil war, the 1982 Lebanese war.

    There have been plenty of past actions, most have been peace summits. Many of these peace summits have failed or where not even close to finding a solution, but there are a few that have gotten really close. Such as the Oslo accords and the Camp David summit.

    So far, they are working on a “two-state solution” the two state solution is just like it sounds, an Israeli state next to a palestinian state side-by-side in peace. but there are questions from both sides. And progress has stalled in recent years There has been the issue currently of the Jewish settlements in the Palestinian territories. They are still looking for a solution and meeting with UN on different situations like the settlement issue or israel’s Military Police.
    In more recent news, Uruguay has officially recognized a palestinian state, even though they had no say on the borders. They haven’t had too much say on the issue mostly because they are all the way in South America. But they have however, played a crucial role for israel because it was one of the first countries to recognize Israel as a state and the partition of territories in the Jewish-Arab states.

    Looking at the current situation, it is possible that Israel, Palestine, Un, and Uruguay can work out a solution. The Oriental Republic of Uruguay looks to support the “two-state solution”. Mostly because it’s the best solution that which will bring peace and end the conflicts. One that is equal to both sides. Palestinians show a strong interest in the two-state solution since the mid-70’s.

  • JakubRobbins
    JakubRobbins November 15, 2017 Reply

    Special Political and Decolonization Committee
    Situation in Israel/Palestinian
    Burundi
    Jacob Robbins

    Following the conclusion of World War I in 1918, the Third Aliyah began into the Land of Israel, and 40,000 Jews migrated to Palestine. On May 14th, 1948, David Ben-Gurion proclaimed the establishment of Israel. The president of the United States, Harry S. Truman, officially recognized the State of Israel. Today, there has been an ongoing dispute between Palestine and Israel regarding land disputes, mutual recognition, water rights, and control of Jerusalem. In 2014, the Hamas and Fatah formed the Palestinian Unity Government and full-on war began between Israel and Gaza. In late 2015 a so-called “Wave of Terror” began and finally ceased halfway into 2016. In October 2015 alone, 75 individual terror attacks were recorded by the IDF. Most recently, three Israelis were shot and killed by a Palestinian assailant on September 26, 2017. The United Nations’ involvement has included land partitioning and calls for peace in Resolutions 181 and 242, respectively. There have also been several other resolutions created in an effort to solve the conflict, yet cultural and governmental disputes have prevented any suitable solution that both countries can agree with.

    We propose that strict weapon restrictions placed against Israel itself, but embargoes on those same weapons as well to quell the violence that they spread to other areas around the world. As of now, why should the State of Israel be allowed to fuel violence across the globe if they cannot manage to maintain peace and order within their own country. They create problems similar to their own with their selfish ideologies and little regard to other ethnic groups that of which they are not a part of. Yet we, the United Nations, encourage such violence with the signing of several multi-million dollar weapon deals. We must put an end to such evil and preserve the safety of our progeny. By suppressing the flow of weapons both in and out of Israel we may hope that diplomatic solutions are encouraged and possibly even an end to the cycle of conflict is found.

    Burundi strongly condemns the violence between within Israel and will work towards a solution to resolve the conflict. A two state solution would drastically reduce the senseless deaths that occur non-stop at the moment. It is extremely important that the Special Political and Decolonization Committee recognizes the importance of two states and works to resolve the conflict with the aid of Burundi and many other countries. We must put an end to such evil and preserve the safety of our progeny. By suppressing the flow of weapons both in and out of Israel we may hope that diplomatic solutions are encouraged and possibly even an end to the cycle of conflict is found.

  • Samwalls24
    Samwalls24 November 15, 2017 Reply

    Special Political and Decolonization Committee
    Israel/ Palestine
    Iceland
    Sam Walls

    The conflict that arose between Israel and Palestine in the 19th century has killed thousands. Each passing day the conflict between the two countries grows stronger and stronger, and the safety of those involved should be of the utmost importance to the UN. Although Iceland is not in the vicinity of either of these countries, we as the model united nations should make it a priority to put an end to this conflict and save the innocent lives present in these countries.

    This conflict is not directly affecting Icelandic peoples as of now, and if it were to be resolved, Iceland would only vote on a peaceful ending to the conflict. Iceland has not intervened on the issue as of yet, but we have supported the Oslo accords and the organization known as the Arab peace initiative. Iceland also supports the reconciliation between the Fatah and Hama´s efforts to create an interim government before Palestine elects officials to office.

    Iceland supports a diplomatic ending to the conflict in Israel and Palestine, and the two-state solution, keeping them separate. Such ending to the conflict has been predicted by the Arab Peace Initiative. Right now, as it seems, the peace initiative is at a standstill, but if Palestine decides to bring the issue to the general assembly, Iceland will readily support them. We believe that Palestinian state borderlines should be put along the borders of East Jerusalem from 1967, as well as adding them to the UN council. Iceland hopes that the Members of the Council help other countries realize what the Palestinians have gone through in this conflict by recommending to the General Assembly that Palestine is accepted as the 194th member in the UN. If Palestine is given this opportunity they will likely follow in the footsteps of the other Member States who have been healed from what plagued their country before.

  • Sophiadevarenne
    Sophiadevarenne November 15, 2017 Reply

    Special Political and Decolonization Committee
    The Situation in Israel/Palestine
    Honduras
    Sophia Devarenne

    The Israeli-Palestinian conflict is a hateful, violent struggle that, despite being present since the mid-20th century, is dominating politics now more than ever. The two states have failed to reach a mediation despite a long-term peace process, making it necessary for the United Nations to address. As the home of the second largest Palestinian population in Latin America, Honduras is concerned with the status of palestine, recognizing it as an independent state as of 2011. This action, however, does not change our lasting support of Israel. We look forward to a two-state solution that tends to the needs of the two peoples involved.

    Although Honduras has recognized Palestine as an independent state, we also have an enduring and valuable relationship with Israel, causing us to abstain from voting on most proposed resolutions concerning both states in order to avoid disrupting our peaceful relations, including the 1948 Partition Plan for Palestine and Resolution 181. We hope to continue our ties with both states as we work toward a successful two-state solution.

    We support israel and would like to continue our good relations, but we believe the only way to reach a two-state solution is to give both states an opportunity to be a part of the delegation. We are deeply concerned with Palestine’s lack of rights, and propose that the United Nations upgrades Palestine to full membership status. This can be easily implemented and is the next step to attaining peace in the Middle East.

  • Mtomaszewski
    Mtomaszewski November 15, 2017 Reply

    Special Political and Decolonization Committee
    The Situation in Israel/Palestine
    The Republic of Uganda
    Matthew Tomaszewski

    The Israeli–Palestinian conflict has led to the death of many innocent lives. However, it could have been avoided if the State of Palestine and Israel both followed any of the many resolutions or other agreements set up to help resolve the conflict such as the Oslo accords and both Camp David Accords. Instead, both sides were unwilling to compromise, which led to the Arab-Israeli War. Around 6,000 Israelis died with only 4,000 being soldiers, and around 7,000 Arabs died from many different muslim countries. The Israelis won the war, which led to the West Bank Territory being illegally colonized by the Israeli government. These illegitimate settlements hinder the ability of the Palestinians to develop an economy. One of the goals of the Special Political and Decolonization Committee is to decolonize areas claimed by other countries for the greater good and well being of the native inhabitants of the land. Therefore, Israel must withdraw from this area for the good of the Palestinians. They have been oppressed for too long and action must be taken to improve their standards of living.

    The Republic of Uganda supports the original United Nations Partition Plan for Palestine also know as Resolution 181, which called for two states, and it condemns the actions of both the State of Palestine and Israel for disregarding this original plan. Both the primary attack waged on Israel by many of the Islamic countries in the Middle East and the expansion of lands by Israel were not allowed under the plan that was established. As a member of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation, The Republic of Uganda believes that it is important to safeguard and protect the interests of Muslims around the globe in order to advocate for international peace and harmony. Because of this, we voted for allowing Palestine to become a non-member observer state in the United Nations General Assembly resolution 67/19. The Ugandan people find it very important that the best interests of the Palestinians are kept in mind during the formation of a resolution for the conflict, so granting observer status was a start to allowing their voices to be heard.

    The Republic of Uganda proposes that all member countries of the United Nations recognize the sovereignty of Palestine. We strongly urge that this action is followed up by permitting Palestine to become a full member of the United Nations and granting them voting rights. This would allow for the voices of the Palestinians to be heard in the general assembly. The Republic of Uganda further recommends that economic sanctions be put on Israel in order to incentivise Israel to take steps towards decolonizing the West Bank territory. These actions would lead to a peaceful resolution of the conflict between the Israelis and the Palestinians and help lead to international peace among the nations of the Middle East.

  • Soroben
    Soroben November 15, 2017 Reply

    Ben Sorota
    Italy
    SPECPOL
    The Situation in Israel/Palestine

    Italy is a nation that has been traditionally touchy to the Palestinian cause and to Arab countries’ positions, in a genuinely bipartisan manner. In the previous couple of years, this has been true particularly among left-wing and far-left parties.

    Other important considerations are the troublesome planning considering Israel’s upcoming elections, in addition the recent surge of terrorism against Jewish focuses in Europe. The far-left parties are the ones that have been pushing to have the vote at the Parliament as soon as possible, and advocating for a full and complete acknowledgment of Palestine regardless to what occurs regarding the reciprocal peace arrangements; the Right restricts any kind of acknowledgment of Palestinian statehood. A recent report from the Institute for Jewish Policy Research about the perception of anti-Semitism among Jews in Italy showed that “43 percent of the respondents agreed that left-wing political views are a source of anti-Semitism in the country today, more so than right-wing political views (32%) and Muslim extremism (17%)”. (Italy, Isreal and Palistinian Statehood: a Cchange of Narrative).

    Italy has a strong relation with Isreal, with periodic diplomatic exchanges and a large volume of trade. Therfore, Italy will suport Isreal. The Isreali government has helped us with our fight against international terrorism. Italy feels that we should help someone who has helped us and has no problem helping Isreal. However, as said beofre, Italy hasn’t been touchy to the Palestinian cause in the past and will struggle to fight for a side.

    Italy would like to focus more on the issue going on in Iran. We are shifting toward a greater focus on Israel’s concerns, this is taking place in the Italian center-left party. We plan to work with the United States and work out a peaceful negotiation.

  • Papa_Smurf
    Papa_Smurf November 15, 2017 Reply

    Specpol
    Situation in Yemen
    France

    The current state in Yemen is appalling. More than seven thousand six hundred people have been killed, and forty two thousand have been injured since the month of March of 2017, the majority in air strikes by a Saudi-led multinational coalition that backs the president. The conflict and a blockade imposed by the coalition have also triggered a humanitarian disaster, leaving more than seventy percent of the population in dire need of some aid. The conflict has its roots in the failure of the political transition that was supposed to bring stability to Yemen following an uprising that forced its longtime authoritarian present, Ali Abdullah Saleh, to hand over power to Mister Hadi, his deputy, in November of 2011. The proliferating amount of carnage occurring in the Yemen area needs to be addressed as soon as possible. France does not fully support one side or another, but the delegation of France will always and fully support and strive to diplomatic resolution and peace to be achieved.
    As stated previously, France supports the prospect of a-one day-united Yemen. The Yemeni Government and the Houthi Rebels need to find a peaceful resolution to this macabre and bloodshed. France will back any and all tranquil efforts and papers that represent the needs of both sides in a democratic fashion. The citizens of Yemen deserve some peace, and the delegation of France believes that the fighting needs to come to an end in order for a diplomatic solution to occur. France fervently believes in this committees ability to resolve this horrific conflict once and for all, and build the path for a bright new future and a united Yemen.

  • avatar image
    Lexi Krumbach November 15, 2017 Reply

    Country: Denmark
    Committee: SPECPOL
    Topic: The Situation In Israel/ Palestine
    Delegate: Alexis Krumbach
    School: Williamston High School

    The most pressing issue relating to this topic is the tensions between two groups called the Israeli Jews and Arab Muslims. Both dispute the borders established by the United Nations at the end of World War I in 1947. The dispute over areas in the Gaza Strip and Jerusalem have resulted in decades of conflict and war since that time. An estimated 80% of people living in this region depend on foreign aid to survive. They live in what has been called the world’s largest ‘open-air prison.’
    Denmark holds the position that this conflict must be resolved. Both sides of the conflict are engaging in destructive ways such as war, hostile government control and forcefully demanding what they believe they are entitled to take. Humanitarian aid to the region is the only reason many of the people living there are surviving in these war torn areas. Denmark believes all people deserve the right to basic human needs and a healthy lifestyle such as clean water, fresh good, safety, tolerance and respect.
    Denmark believes that a peaceful resolution in this situation is possible. Both the Israeli Jews and the Arab Muslims must be willing to compromise. Denmark agrees with the United Nations Assembly Resolution 181 should be upheld. The distinct borders for each country, leaving the disputed Jerusalem international territory, gives both the Nation of Palestine and the State of Israel independent land as well as leaving the disputed Jerusalem neutral. Denmark further believes the cornerstone to growth is education and support of all global citizens. Tolerance and respect for all people must be taught and accepted. Palestinian people deserve to be treated with respect. One peaceful way to accomplish this would be an embargo against Israel until they end the occupation of Palestine. The United Nations should extend respect to Palestinians by recognizing the state. This would allow Palestinians to gain independence from their oppressors.

  • OliviaToth
    OliviaToth November 15, 2017 Reply

    November 14th, 2017
    SUBMITTED TO: SPECPOL
    FROM: Namibia
    SUBJECT: Israel/Palestine

    The conflict between Israel and Palestine over the West Bank has gone on for some time. Israel has disabled Palestinian sovereignty by claiming the West Bank, and using its military to unlawfully occupy it. For years, Israel has claimed and occupied the West Bank by building housing units, imprisoning peaceful Palestinian protesters, excluding Palestinians from their population registry, illegally demolishing Palestinian homes and buildings, and violating at least five categories of international human rights laws. Despite the fact that these intolerable acts by Israel have been going on for decades, this issue has still not been resolved

    Namibia comprehends the struggle of Palestinians, since the Apartheid oppressed South African peoples, and the nation of Namibia gained independence only in 1990. This arbitrary conflict between Israel and Palestine leaves questions for the committee to answer. How can Israel be held accountable for actions in the West Bank? What are ways that Palestinians can be brought justice? How can the Palestinian people gain stability? These questions will shape committee, and provide focus and care to an open wound. Although Israel’s actions in the West Bank are questionable and concerning, Namibia is not biased against Israel. We strongly recommend that Israel comply with international law, and U.N. resolutions, and allow for a smooth and successful conclusion to this issue that has lasted decades, in the West Bank.

    With questions in mind, a progressive approach can be taken. Nations can come together to write a durable resolution that will encompass the idea that Israel and Palestine can peacefully coexist with agreed upon, and recognized borders. The resolution should also include feasible legislation that Israel can follow. The resolution should include details on how Israel can stop moving into the West Bank, and overturn their occupation there, making amends with Palestinians.

    This committee can provide adequate support for Palestinians, if guided in a productive manner. Committee will finally provide the end to oppression by Israel, and may create a peaceful coexistence between Israelis and Palestinians. Namibia looks forward to putting an end to the hardships of many Palestinians, and creating a productive and tranquil solution.

  • Papa_Smurf
    Papa_Smurf November 15, 2017 Reply

    Committee: Special Political Committee
    Topic: The Situation in Israel/Palestine
    Country: France

    The rising tensions in the Israel/Palestine area is appalling. The Israeli forces can only be described as oppressive. Their confiscation of privately owned land on the West Bank and control over Gaza leaves many Palestinians with little control over their own lives. This current political schism only seems to grow deeper, and while the delegation of France does not entirely support one side or another it certainly will always advocate for democratic resolution and peace. France believes that the only viable option to finding a solution to this here conundrum would be the establishment of a stable and democratic independent Palestinian State, living in peace and security alongside Israel.
    As stated, France believes a two state solution is the most feasible. Now with that said, France and other European countries have devised a few conditions for this solution. Firstly, there will be borders set on the 1967 Lines, with agreed equivalent land swaps. Next, security arrangements will be enacted in order to preserve the sovereignty of the Palestinian State and guaranteeing the security of Israel. Work should be put in place in order to achieve a fair, equitable and negotiated solution to the refugee problem. And finally, an arrangement created establishing Jerusalem the capital of both States. As stated previously, France does not support one side or another. It will not, however, stand for violence and oppression. The delegation of France strives for peace.

  • Ethan
    Ethan November 15, 2017 Reply

    Country: Canada
    Topic: Situation in Israel and Palestine
    Committee: SPECPOL
    Delegate: Ethan Briggs
    School: Williamston High School
    For many and many years, Israeli and Palestinian forces have fought over pieces of land, and which ethnic group gets to control them. Israel, a fully-fledged country, has begone to send settlers to the West Bank to slowly assimilate the land, thus squeezing it out of the Palestinians. The debate at hand is how to stop this fighting and divide up the land for either two countries, or one united country to end the years of war that have plagued the lands. We as a committee must come together and find a solution that helps both sides.
    Canada has been a long supporter of the two-state solution, and its views have not changed considerably. Canada wants to keep supporting Israel, yet also allow Palestine to flourish in its own right. Canada also has taken a harder stance on anti-Israeli settlement by condemning the BDS, or Boycotts, Divestment and Sanctions. Canada has also helped out Israel by sending financial aid, and would like to keep doing that.
    Canada would like to see Palestine come around as a country, and have lands split equally between both countries. Canada would also like to see the fighting around Gaza stop, and have Gaza split between the two groups. We hope that our efforts can create a lasting peace.

  • avatar image
    Celia Mendoza November 15, 2017 Reply

    Special Political Committee
    The Situation in Israel/Palestine
    Bhutan
    Celia Mendoza

    Tensions in Israel/Palestine have been building since the 19th century, when the conflict for territory began. The territory was originally divided into three parts – the State of Israel, the West Bank, and the Gaza Strip. From there, wars erupted due to shifts of territory. Once the wars on the borders were finally lulled, Palestinian uprises began, with the intention of creating a more autonomous state which is when the conflicts more prevalent today truly began. In response, the territory was controlled more heavily by the State of Israel. The division has only been emphasized by countries recognizing one as a state and not the other, fueling the intensity of the situation. The religious differences have worsened relations as well. It comes down to tracing Muslim and Jewish roots back to the Holy Land. The Muslim Palestinians and Jewish Israelies have both suffered through over two centuries of war and displacement over the territorial conflict, and the severity of the disagreement is still very much present today. Bhutan has not had direct influence in the conflict to date, however will offer aid wherever best fit.

    In 1988, Bhutan was one of 137 other nations to recognize Palestine as a state following the Declaration of Independence by the Palestine National Council. However, Bhutan has not been involved directly with the conflict itself, although the current revolutionary state of Bhutan makes the country more inclined to be party to a revolutionary approach. Having no diplomatic relations with Israel, of the region, the independence of Palestine is much more pressing. Considering the rise of political parties in response to the current Monarchy in Bhutan, the inclination towards a militant revolution in Palestine is more prevalent than an attempt at a peaceful resolution, as that has not worked in the past. Bhutan would be interested in working more closely with countries more equipped to send military forces to aid in the restoration of Palestine. Being a small, developing country with no geographical ties to Israel/Palestine, Bhutan does not have the financial resources nor the capability to house displaced palestinians, and imperatively calls upon countries with more economic stability to send efforts in the way of Palestine.

    However, that only does so much. What really must be solved is the classification of nations. A two-state policy seems a plausible solution. Although that solves the problem of religious disagreement and war over the Holy Land, it does not seem a realistic approach, as that has been the thought for years. Even so, it seems the best solution to such a long drawn out yet still pressing issue.

  • avatar image
    Humza Nadeem November 15, 2017 Reply

    Special Political Committee
    The Situation in Israel and Palestine
    Argentina
    Humza Nadeem

    The situation in Israel and Palestine is complicated because both countries have been fighting for over a century. These conflicts haven’t been resolved over the years. In 1948 the region of Israel and Palestine began to start a war and over a million Palestinian refugees fled to neighboring countries. There were so many refugees that other countries began to start conflict. Both Israel and Palestine have been in the same state this entire time with both still at war… nothing has changed. This was all due to one bad decision by the UN all these years ago and we as the UN need to clean up our mess. We hope to solve this issue. Palestine and Israel must come to an agreement, the fighting must end. After all, the damage done to each country is quite large. The before and after photos are heartbreaking and we as the UN must know that this is our doing. Now we must come together to fix it.

    Argentina believes that Palestine is recognized and is a free independent state. We would love for the legitimate aspiration of the Palestinian people for a secure, united democratic and economically visible state co-existing peacefully with Israel. We believe that peace in the entire Middle East is the key to finally end this century long conflict. Why? If other countries have split opinions then they will take side with either Israel or Palestine. Argentina does not want this, we want the neighboring countries to agree with us that the conflict needs to end which thus creates no influence on the countries giving them a realization they have no one on either side with them. We believe that through partnerships with both country’s and a meeting to talk and settle what is wrong and what is right on both sides, could possibly be the most simplest and effective way to end this conflict. It was back in after WWII that Israel was given rights to the disputed territory by the UN, taking the Palestinians land. We believe that we as the UN failed and made things worse by coming to that decision.

    Argentina is greatly displeased by the way things have been handled in the Middle East, we ask for just a chance for people to listen. To talk, and to figure out what we can do in person and identify each countries views. Palestine has been wronged and it is we as the UN’s duty to fix it. Argentina asks for the neighboring countries to join them as if that happens they will realize that at this point they are just shedding meaningless blood, then they will stop the fighting and a meeting can finally occur between all the neighboring countries. All we ask if for cooperation and hope to receive it the 29th. Compromise is the key to ending conflict. Argentina is pleased to help solve this issue.

  • avatar image
    Barry November 15, 2017 Reply

    Committee: Special Political and Decolonization Committee
    Country: Algeria
    Topic: The Situation in Israel/Palestine
    Barry Crown

       
    This dangerous situation between Israel and Palestine is one that has sadly spanned over a great number of years and one that has not gotten much better overtime. Algeria looking onto the situation pushes towards a peaceful resolution which would help strengthen the middle east. Despite only aiming for a peaceful resolution Algeria has made it very clear that we support Palestine but we urge them to find a peaceful solution. Algeria has not made any hostile moves towards Israel, but we feel that our action of not letting any Israelites into our country speaks for itself. We feel like Palestine needs to once again take a firm stance with the Israelites and the countries around Israel and come to a peace agreement before another war breaks out between the countries.

    Israel, to our country, is a land of thieves. They have destroyed a once flourishing Palestine country(,) taking it over very forcefully with numbers. This has, and should, outrage neighboring countries that share much more similar culture to Algeria’s than Israel ever could. Israel taking land disrupted the culture in the middle east, causing hatred and frustration from the countries around them. We feel that countries such as us should not have relations with the Israeli State and are in the right to not view it as a country.

  • Lochuno
    Lochuno November 15, 2017 Reply

    Country: The Bolivian Republic of Venezuela
    Committee: Special Political
    Topic: Israeli / Palestinian Conflict
    Delegate: Lochlyn Reed
    School: Williamston High School

    The Israeli-Palestinian Conflict has been one of turmoil, bloodshed, ownership, and persecution. Originally surfacing tensions dating back to the nineteenth century, it has also shown to be a dispute with no immediate resolve. Since the beginnings of the Zionist movement, the Jewish have been moving into the area once upheld purely by the ethnic Arabs. These Arabs in particular had by that time developed a national identity and considered themselves Palestinians. Conflicts over the land began to break out, and the UN has attempted to partition off the land between both powers multiple time, but to no avail; Israelis continue to take from these partitioned lands. Conflicts have occcoyres and continue to ovcour in the reigon. The United Nations considers these settlements in the West Bank illegal but has not presented a resolution. As a committee, SPECPOL must attempt to make progress on a resolution that handles both parties cases fairly and justly.

    Venezuela is no stranger to this issue, and have been involved in the conflict for some time. Since Venezuela’s Bolivarian Revolution began in 1999,Venezuela as a country have strongly supported Palestine both diplomatically and economically. Both former president Hugo Chavez and current President Nicolas Maduro have spoken out at the United Nations against Israel’s occupation of the West Bank and siege of the Gaza Strip.Venezuela was one of the first countries to donate humanitarian aid to Gaza after Israel’s assault in 2014, while at the same time donating funds for Palestinian child refugees. Later that year, the socialist government awarded over 1,000 Palestinian students scholarships to study in Venezuela’s top universities. For leaders of the Bolivarian Revolution, Palestine’s struggle against Israeli imperialism is connected to Venezuela’s struggle against outside P5 imperialism.

    Taking all factors into account, Venezuela firmly believes in aiding the Palestinians in their right to their own ethnically ceded land. Venezuela understands and is mindful of the Israelis religious claims to the area, but again, despite being 90% Catholic/Christian ourselves, Venezuelans believe that religious claims should only be taken with a grain of salt when other people’s rights are at stake. The Jewish people are not an enemies, and that must be clear. However, Zionism is an enemy when it’s purpose is imperialism. Thus accounted for, Venezuela prefers the creation of a Palestinian state and a redrawing of boundaries, suited for a significant regaining of Palestinian territory.

  • ZoeAtkins
    ZoeAtkins November 15, 2017 Reply

    Belgium prides itself in its passion as a longtime member of the United Nations, collaborating with other nations to reach a shared goal of improving living quality for all people. No stranger to internal conflicts such as that between Israel and Palestine, Belgium recognizes the complexity of this issue. As is the case for most of today’s modern issues, no simple or clear solution presents itself to completely remedy the tensions between these people. Yet, there are steps that should be taken to achieve progress, facilitating the ultimate goal of peace. In the spirit of Belgian compromise, we are optimistic as to how much this body can accomplish.

    Political differences, conflicting religious ideology, and problematic territorial divisions have caused the suffering of innocent people within both nations. We must work together to overcome this issue despite the divide it has created between nations. Belgium has tried to remain neutral, but in several instances has had to react to misconduct from both parties, such as in the commemoration of an act of terrorism against Israel in the renaming of a Belgian-endorsed school. However, the disproportionate cruelty of Israel can no longer be denied or ignored. Most recently, Israel boldly disrespected the efforts of the European Union by destroying schools which were made possible by the combined resources and priorities of twenty-eight countries.

    Prior to this, many attempts have been made to reinvigorate the peace process, but Belgium believes that this body has the potential to successfully do so. Specifically, Belgium would like to see restrictions placed on Israel, ensuring that they do not intervene in efforts to increase stability in the lives of Palestinians. In addition, mandatory negotiating meetings should be scheduled and supervised by the United Nations. We look forward to creating substantial progress and seeking paths to our common goal with the other nations of the United Nations, to act in the best interest of both Israel and Palestine.

  • HBishop
    HBishop November 15, 2017 Reply

    Special Political and Decolonization Committee
    Topic: The Situation in Israel/Palestine
    Harrison Bishop
    The Republic of Chile

    The situation revolving around Israel and Palestine has been ongoing since the end of the Second World War, and has continued to develop for decades. Chile stands by it’s decision to recognize Palestine as a free, independent, and sovereign state, and hopes that a nation of Israel and a nation of Palestine will be able to coexist in the near future. Chile also hopes that these nations will have clearly defined, secure borders so that they may both live peacefully.
    Chile also hopes that the nations of the Middle East will accept the potential for dual nations, instead of being absorbed into axiomatic debates where both nations enter, but only one leaves. The leaders of Israel must also be prepared for this, as any other result will invariably lead to controversy throughout the international community. This community is currently divided, as there are currently nations that refuse to acknowledge the legitimacy of one nation or the other,including much of Europe, North America, North Africa, and the Middle East.
    However, to achieve any lasting result, there must be an increased sense of cooperation on this topic, so that extremists on both sides have a chance to negotiate effectively and productively to achieve a result that is at least moderately acceptable to most involved. Chile looks forward to working with nations that have recognized both states, including South America, much of Asia, and South Africa.

  • NickFord19
    NickFord19 November 15, 2017 Reply

    Special Political and Decolonization Committee
    The Situation in Israel/Palestine
    Philippines
    Nick Ford

    Between the states of Israel and Palestine, there is a large conflict between the Muslims and the Jews. The dispute is over land and laws of the area. Palestine, originally a British mandate, had sparking violence between the Israelis and Arabs in the early 1940s. In 1948, the UN partitioned some of Palestine’s land to the state of Israel. This resulted in Jewish celebrations in Israel. Also, in many Arab countries, Palestinian Anti-Jewish violence began. The violence continued as both states argued over who rightfully deserved the holy land. During WWII the Philippines was one of a few countries that opened their doors to Jewish refugees. The Philippines was one of the 33 countries that originally supported the UN resolution to form the state of Israel. The Philippines continues to be a strong supporter of Israel, as we are allies and trade partners. However, we also recognize Palestine as a non-member state. Being a democratic country and a founding member of the UN, we have a long history of support for the solving the issue in the states of Israel and Palestine.

    The Philippines supports a two-state solution for this issue. We believe that this would help to end the violence between the states of Israel and Palestine. The Philippines has not taken many steps to ensure this goal; however, we still support Israel in its political decisions and actions. Recently, we have voted against a resolution that would render Harar, Ethiopia a Palestinian site under the protocol of the United Nations Educational, Scientific, Cultural Organization (UNESCO). The Philippines continues to affirm our support for Israel in UNESCO, despite moves from Palestine to deter Israeli support. We continue to lean towards favoring Israel, while still keeping in mind our plans for a two-state solution.

    As stated before, the Philippines supports a two-state solution. This plan would involve strengthening and finalizing the borders between Israel and Palestine and the recognition of both states politically. The UN accepted Palestine as a non-member observer state. This was a great step towards our solution; however, the UN should further recognize Palestine by giving it full member status. The Philippines will also welcome any resolutions that protect the land and rights of the Israeli people. If there is any hope of ending the violence in the states of Israel and Palestine, we must act to build a peaceful solution between the two states.

  • Charliesutton
    Charliesutton November 15, 2017 Reply

    Topic: The Situation in Israel/Palestine
    Committee: SPECPOL
    Country: The Kingdom of Spain
    Represented by: The Roeper School
    Submitted by: Charlie Louis Sutton IV

    Greetings fellow delegates. The Kingdom of Spain is honored to have the opportunity to work with dozens of other nations to reach ethical and viable solutions for the issues we face as a people. The situation in Israel and Palestine is a deeply troubling one. If this conflict is to continue, tensions will grow, and with them—the death toll will increase. The Kingdom of Spain seeks active and peaceful discourse between the Palestinians and the Israelis. Only through communication and conversation can these two powers find an arrangement that satisfies both of the legitimate claims to this ancestral territory.

    With the rise of Zionism due to increased persecution of Jews in the 20th Century, the struggle between Arab Muslims and Israelis rapidly intensified. With the Israeli claim to territory in the Middle East following World War II, the Arab Muslims inhabiting the area were threatened. The United Nation’s Resolution 181 issued on November 29th, 1947 legitimized this Israeli claim. This resolution carved out three distinct territories: Palestine, Israel, and Jerusalem. This decision had massive ramifications that have propagated and persisted today. Resolution 181 and the Arab-Israeli conflict in general, resulted in the displacement of more than 5 million Palestinians. More recently, this conflict has resulted in a skirmish at the Al-Asqa Mosque. Three Palestinians attackers and two Israeli officers lost their lives in this attack. It is quite clear that this conflict is not approaching a resolution.

    The Kingdom of Spain is heavily invested in reaching a peaceful solution between the Palestinians and the Israelis. It is imperative that we approach this issue with a humanitarian mindset. The Palestinian refugees must be supported and given a path to a stable and secure life. It is also important to respect the expectations and wishes of the Israelis. The Kingdom of Spain will actively seek a peaceful path to a democratic two-state system.

  • Jackrstarling
    Jackrstarling November 15, 2017 Reply

    Country : Kingdom of Cambodia
    Committee : Special Political
    Topic Area : The Situation In Israel/Palestine
    Delegate : Jack Starling

    In the 19th century, following the collapse of the Ottoman Empire and World War I, a british administered state known as Palestine emerged. As tensions rose between muslims and jews in the state, the United Nations passed resolution 181 in 1947, which called for a partition of Palestine into separate Arab and Jewish states. It divided former Mandatory Palestine into the country of Israel, the Palestinian state, and a Special International Regime of Jerusalem. It ended British Mandate and withdrew british armed forces from the state. This resolution gave land for a national home for the Israeli Jews, but Arab Palestine wanted to reject it. It did not give all the land that was promised by British Mandate to Arab Palestine and Palestine didn’t want to share their homeland with Israel. Soon, a conflict arose. Resolution 141 was an attempt to end the conflict, but neither state could cooperate. This failed resolution led to a refugee crisis, which further intensified the conflict. In 1967, the Sinai Peninsula, Gaza Strip, West Bank, and Golan Heights switched hands from Palestine to Israel in the Six-Day War. An attack on the Al-Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem forced Israel to up their security measures to stop an attack from happening again. All these factors add to tensions between Palestine and Israel that will inevitably end up in a dangerous conflict. If at all possible, Cambodia wants to try for a peaceful resolution to this conflict before more innocent bystanders are caught in the crossfire.

    The Kingdom of Cambodia, while proposing a peaceful resolution, would like to support the Palestinian State in their endeavours. Cambodia would like to advocate for the confirmation of Palestine to be recognised as a country and for the Palestinian people to regain rights. In 2004, Palestine agreed to promote and develop peace and security in South Asian borders. So, Cambodia would like to return the favor.

    The Kingdom of Cambodia calls other countries to action, to take measures to stop Israel and the injustices that they have done the the Palestinian people. Cambodia supports a peaceful version of a two-state solution. The Israeli people, then, would not be displaced, but then Palestine would still regain some of it’s lost land, including the Gaza Strip and Golan Heights.

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    Maggie Murphy November 16, 2017 Reply

    Committee: Special Political Committee
    Topic: Issues in Yemen and Israel/Palestine
    Country: DR Congo
    Maggie Murphy

    Despite Congo being one of the largest deposits in Africa of gold, diamonds, and uranium it is also one of the poorest. Congoleses have been victims of people from Israel wanting diamonds and Mossad terrorism. Since becoming victims of Israel, we have banned Israelis from adopting our children because they not only target adults, but also them. There have been cases of Israelis taking Congolese children to Chad where they conduct organ harvests and abductions. As one country, we propose that we ban people from Israel, and Israel origin, from entering our country.

    The only action our country has taken so far is banning the adoption of Congolese children by Israelis. We proposed that through this we perform a background check on all hoping to adopt and then go from there. This plan was put into action several years ago, and it has not gone as we hoped. Although it has stopped them from adopting, the Israelis now resort to kidnapping our children and transporting them to Chad. Since this law has been put into action, we have seen a decline in violence, child rapes, and illegal procedures.
    We suggest that the UN forbids people of Israel from entering our country at all. As we have recently gotten out of communism, we are and only have been allies with Eastern Germany and other communist blocks. Since they are so far away from us, they don’t know what’s going on first handed. However, those who have lived here agree with us.

  • Connor.hav7
    Connor.hav7 November 16, 2017 Reply

    The Democratic People’s Republic of Korea’s Stance on the situation in Palestine.

        The Democratic People’s Republic of Korea does not recognize Israel. They are nothing more than an imperialist satellite. Palestine should have sovereignty over territory held by Israel, other than the Golan Heights. Despite our isolationist policy, we do recognize the Golan Heights as a part of Syria much like the rest of the International Community. Israel has committed many atrocities during its time as a, “state,” and thusly needs to be removed from representation in supranational organizations such as this one.

        Israel does not deserve sovereignty over Palestine’s land. The Democratic People’s Republic of Korea have always been strong supporters of the movement in Palestine. In the 1970’s the Glorious Kim Il-Sung would send aid and arms to Palestine as a way to help keep the movement alive. As time went on our aid in the region slowly declined however we still stand in strong support of Palestine’s sovereignty. Israel has no right to self-determination after such crimes against humanity as the 2008-09 Israel-Gaza Conflict where Israeli soldiers openly murdered unarmed citizens, clearly threatening the Middle East Peace Process. This still wouldn’t be the last of the Israeli offences. They committed yet another crime against humanity, in the 2010 Gaza Flotilla Raid, this one being perpetuated by those imperialist pigs from the United States. It doesn’t get better, four years later Israel is still killing defenseless citizens in Gaza, which we also harshly denounce. The Israeli people are monsters who do not deserve the land they’ve stolen.

        Palestine is entirely the rightful owner to the land currently held by Israel. Throughout the conference, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea will work studiously to right this long-standing wrong in human history and bring justice and a peace of mind to the people of Palestine, and set them up to prosper for years to come. We will not allow injustices like these to go under the radar any longer.

  • Connor.hav7
    Connor.hav7 November 16, 2017 Reply

    Topic Issue: The Situation in Israel/Palestine
    Committee: SPECPOL
    Country: The Democratic People’s Republic of Korea
    Delegate: Connor Havenaar

    The Democratic People’s Republic of Korea’s Stance on the situation in Palestine.

        The Democratic People’s Republic of Korea does not recognize Israel. They are nothing more than an imperialist satellite. Palestine should have sovereignty over territory held by Israel, other than the Golan Heights. Despite our isolationist policy, we do recognize the Golan Heights as a part of Syria much like the rest of the International Community. Israel has committed many atrocities during its time as a, “state,” and thusly needs to be removed from representation in supranational organizations such as this one.

        Israel does not deserve sovereignty over Palestine’s land. The Democratic People’s Republic of Korea have always been strong supporters of the movement in Palestine. In the 1970’s the Glorious Kim Il-Sung would send aid and arms to Palestine as a way to help keep the movement alive. As time went on our aid in the region slowly declined however we still stand in strong support of Palestine’s sovereignty. Israel has no right to self-determination after such crimes against humanity as the 2008-09 Israel-Gaza Conflict where Israeli soldiers openly murdered unarmed citizens, clearly threatening the Middle East Peace Process. This still wouldn’t be the last of the Israeli offences. They committed yet another crime against humanity, in the 2010 Gaza Flotilla Raid, this one being perpetuated by those imperialist pigs from the United States. It doesn’t get better, four years later Israel is still killing defenseless citizens in Gaza, which we also harshly denounce. The Israeli people are monsters who do not deserve the land they’ve stolen.

        Palestine is entirely the rightful owner to the land currently held by Israel. Throughout the conference, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea will work studiously to right this long-standing wrong in human history and bring justice and a peace of mind to the people of Palestine, and set them up to prosper for years to come. We will not allow injustices like these to go under the radar any longer.

  • 07581
    07581 November 16, 2017 Reply

    Topic: The situation in Israel/Palestine
    Committee: SpecPol
    Country: Greece
    School: Vicksburg High school
    Delegate: Dylan Haywood

    As a most humbled delegate of the nation of Greece, our nation stands firm on the situation of Palestine and Israel. Our relations with both countries have been excellent since they were both created, our trade with Israel is necessary for the benefit of not only us, but to Cyprus with the “Energy Triangle”, and to Europe as a whole, who need the materials from the middle east like natural gas and oil. Palestinian relations stem from our supplementation of humanitarian aid, as well as a sizeable population of Palestinian Greek Orthodox, with a large number of graduated students who attended Greek universities on scholarships, created a strong tie of friendship between the Greek and Palestinian peoples.
    And it is for this that we believe that a two state solution is necessary, for the preservation of both peoples, and the preservation of their sovereignty. We fully support a plan to satisfy the needs of a palestinian homeland and Israeli security as long as this plan is deemed fair, and competent to the government of Greece. The two state solution, while being difficult to pull off, the nation of Greece completely has faith in the UN body, to create a plan that will serve the interests of both those of Hebrew descent, and those of Palestinian descent. The solution the committee should ultimately prevent any further conflicts between Israel and Palestine, with the involvement of any other countries in the Middle East or in the Western world, and to satisfy the needs of these two nations who have been involved in many conflicts that would bring only more destruction and more resentment.

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    Tariq Jones November 16, 2017 Reply

    Topic: The situation in Israel/Palestine
    Committee: SpecPol
    Country: Estonia
    School: Grand Blanc High School
    Delegate: Tariq Jones

    Topic Background:Through the history of the issue lies the fact that after the Jewish people, who historically have gotten a bad hand, were searching for some land to claim their own in order to better themselves and their position post-holocaust. The land that they sought to take was that of their religious homeland in order to escape this persecution. However, the Palestinians had been living there for generations and as such had made community and government which they maintained, all of this has been eroded further and further as their land was taken for Israeli use. And the situation which has now turned to near all out war has been difficult for the UN to stop because of its history.

    Past UN Actions: They UN has taken steps that established this issue by dividing the Palestinian land, officially, between mostly European Jews. And since this time they have been largely excluded from the Politics of the issue. Despite the fact that most countries voted for toothless motions for Israel to give back Palestinian land.

    National Policy: Estonia supports conversations between the two sides and believes that a two state solution both can, and must be achieved by these negotiations. Movements such as BDS are ultimately harmful. And actions such as this taken by the UN will do nothing but make Israel feel attacked and unheard, instead of remaining neutral.

    Solution: The UN should make it their utmost priority to get the two sides to sit together and agree upon fair borders. The two state solution should be sought after, preferably with borders from the 1967 map. And if either side chooses not to meet with the other in order to discuss the issue, then instead of BDS the UN should instead insist that they either meet or continue the war.

  • DiegoMayenBosch
    DiegoMayenBosch November 16, 2017 Reply

    Committee: Special Political and Decolonization
    Topic: Situation in Israel/Palestine
    Delegation: Semi-Presidential Constitutional Republic of Ukraine
    Delegate: Diego Mayén Bosch

    Regarding the increasing tensions involving the nation of Israel and the territory of Palestine, which have held place since the UN Partition Plan in 1947, the Ukrainian delegation is highly concerned of reaching a peace-agreement, which may be suitable for both parties. This delegations is confident that such resolution most be properly supervised by United Nations.
    This statement sustains itself with precedents of previous agreements reached by the UN, regarding the topic in hand. Hence, the discussed parties have violated several of them repeatedly, with no remorse. As it viewable with the Camp David Accords, the 2002 Arab Peace Initiative or the stoppage in the development of the Oslo Accords.
    The importance of such a topic relays in the increasing violence between both parties, due to their need of maintaining an ethnically preferential state. Ideology that leads to an immense hatred and discrimination towards each other.
    Therefore, for the purpose of creating a solution which leads to an end of such violence. The Ukrainian delegation proposes the continuance and the strict supervision of the agreements previously reached by the parties, the 2002 Arab Peace Initiative, as well as the Madrid principles including land for peace. This delegation is confident that if such continuance is given and both parties agree on an unconditional fulfillment of the above-mentioned solutions, it is only a matter of time before an environment of peace and respect is reached within the territory of Israel.

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