The Great Lakes Invitational Conference Association

The Situation in Yemen

The Situation in Yemen

Even before the breakout of outright war in early 2015, Yemen was one of the poorest countries in the Middle East. Currently, the country ranks 168th out of 188 for human development, according to the UN Development Program (UNDP). Tensions first grew when former President Ali Abdullah Saleh agreed to hand power over to Abdrabbuh Mansour Hadi in 2012, after months of protests calling for his resignation. The Houthi movement, comprised largely of Yemen’s Shia Muslim minority, and which had been rebelling against former President Saleh, took advantage of the struggling new president by taking control of the northern Saada province. Hadi fled south and soon secured backing from a coalition led by Saudi Arabia. The warring parties’ failure to compromise leaves the country gripped by a humanitarian crisis, with 60 percent of the population lacking food security and 3.1 million (around 12 percent) internally displaced, according to the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UNOCHA).

 

Yemen now faces both a humanitarian, and a political, crisis. The executive director of the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF), Anthony Lake, has called the situation in Yemen “the world’s largest humanitarian crisis.” The war has destroyed much of the nation’s infrastructure, resulting in widespread shortages of life-sustaining goods and services, and leaving its population at serious risk of contracting a wide range of serious diseases; for example, the country is currently experiencing one of the worst cholera outbreaks of the last century. The political side of the conflict is equally fraught. The international community has tried three times to facilitate peace talks between the political elements party to the conflict, only to see each attempt end in failure. This process has been held up in large part to Saudi Arabia’s accusation that Iran, despite its continued protests to the contrary, has been a major supporter of the Houthi forces. It appears that Yemen may have been caught in the ongoing Saudi-Iranian battle for dominance and influence in the region.

 

The UN needs to help stabilize an already crumbling situation. The committee will need to address how best to deliver both medical and food aid to a nation missing critical transportation infrastructure, while facing an ongoing failure to raise enough donations to fund the necessary relief efforts. The scale of the effort required is already imposing, and is only made more difficult by the continuation of armed conflict. With no current end in sight, can the committee work and hope for a negotiated peace between the government and the Houthi rebels? Now that the war has entered its third year, what would such a peace look like? It will likely be necessary for the committee to try and find a way to separate this conflict from ongoing efforts toward regional hegemony by Saudi Arabia and Iran, which would at minimum help to stem the tide of arms into the region. Only then can economic, transportation, and humanitarian infrastructure throughout the country begin to recover.

  • Yuyuan_Luo
    Yuyuan_Luo November 12, 2017 Reply

    Special Political and Decolonization Committee
    The Situation in Yemen
    Pakistan
    Yuyuan Luo

    Since the beginning of the conflict, the Republic of Yemen has been devastated and became one of the worst humanitarian situation in the world. Terrorist organizations, feeding off of the despair and the loss of hopes for a better future of the civilians, are also actively recruiting in the area, complicating the question. Two years into this war, it is evident that this will eventually come to a war of attrition, and it is not likely that any side will win the entire territory. Most agree that there is no military solution to the conflict. However, the leaderships of both sides show no signs of compromising and see no peaceful solution. But if all parties involved insists on keep fighting, the humanitarian situation will continue to worsen, and compounded with the obstructions of humanitarian aid, we can see that continuing to fight with force is not the solution, and will make the fight against terrorism much more difficult. It will be to the benefit of both sides to try to establish political dialogue and reach a diplomatic solution, if at all possible, and meanwhile attempt to improve the humanitarian situation; such a solution will be beneficial to the people, subject to various violations of human rights and desperately in need of aid; it will also be of benefits to the greater community by simplifying the fight against terrorism.

    The international community has done much in attempts to pacify the situation, not entirely successfully. The Security Council has passed various resolutions on the issue; various humanitarian aspects of this issue has been addressed in the Human Rights Council resolution (A/HRC/RES/36/31). Various peace talks has been organized, and several ceasefires has been established, all broken. The issues of the obstructions of humanitarian aid as well as additional funding for necessary relief efforts still needs to be addressed. We should also focus on attempting to establish the political dialogue and bringing a relatively peaceful and immediate end to the war, while setting future plans to combat terrorism in the region.

    The Islamic Republic of Pakistan does not cherish aggressive designs against any nation or party; we strive to promote peace, prosperity, and stability through international cooperation. Therefore, Pakistan shall not be militarily involved in the conflict; however, if the conflict extends to affect the neighboring nations such as Saudi Arabia, Pakistan would extend help in order maintain the border security and the safety of the civilians. Pakistan would be much in favor of a solution that will bring a peaceful end to the war, and provide a meaningful roadmap in combating Islamic terrorism, in the Yemeni area and elsewhere.

    The Islamic Republic of Pakistan would look favorably upon a solution that encourages the pursuit of a diplomatic solution to the conflict, in the ways of encouraging and potentially organizing additional peace talks. The obstruction of humanitarian aid and the violation of human rights of civilians should also be addressed, and measures against both should be taken. If peace can ever be achieved, there will be yet more problems with terrorism in the area, which ties into the problem of terrorism on a greater regional as well as global scale, and it is necessary that a plan be devised to stifle the problem now when it is still in its infancy.

  • Irene_Yi
    Irene_Yi November 12, 2017 Reply

    Committee–Special Political and Decolonization
    Topic–Situation in Yemen
    Country–Republic of Korea (South Korea)

    The situation in Yemen is tied closely with the instability in Iran and Saudi Arabia. Houthi rebels in Yemen are disrupting peace, and the country finds itself caught between conflicts around it.

    As the Republic of Korea continues to grow from a developing economy to an advanced one, so does our care for the situation in the Middle East. On an economic level, over 80% of our oil supplies and half of our gas supplies come from the Middle East. The Republic of Korea will continue to invest time and energy into Middle Eastern matters despite the landmass between the two areas.

    In the past, the Republic of Korea has generally sided with Sunni Arab groups. We support the UN’s ban on exporting arms to pro-Iranian Houthi fighters in Yemen. The Republic of Korea feels strongly about Iranian groups who develop nuclear weapons because of the imminent threat we have back home: we are next door neighbors to one of the most unpredictable nuclear developers in the world.

    The Republic of Korea would is interested in working with like-minded countries to develop a resolution that will dull the effects of terrorism. We believe that once the surface of terrorism has been calmed, Yemen will be able to handle the conflict with clearer eyes. The Republic of Korea is more than willing to help with policy design and advice for refugees, as we are experienced in that field. However, we will not be sending in any military troops as we need what we have to defend ourselves against the threat to our north. The Republic of Korea hopes that we will be able to find peace in Yemen; only then will we be able to send this situation over to the United Nations Development Programme for infrastructure amendments.

  • Animalsrule74
    Animalsrule74 November 13, 2017 Reply

    Committee: Special Political and Decolonization 
Topic Area B: Yemen Crisis
Country: Syrian Arab Republic 
Delegate: Anne McCarthy

    In the past, the Syrian Arab Republic and Yemen have kept good relations, but this standing does not hold true today. As the country has divided, the government has shown disagreement with the Syrian Arab Republic, but one group, the Houthis, has stayed loyal to the Syrian Arab Republic. This loyalty and backing is something the Syrian Arab Republic would like to reward by supporting their efforts in taking power in Yemen and winning the war. The Yemeni War is not beneficial to the Syrian Arab Republic, and the Syrian Arab Republic would like to stress not helping Saudi Arabia, a country that has shown time and time again its distaste for the Syrian Arab Republic, which is not taken lightly. The Syrian Arab Republic will not support a country that has sent jihadists with weaponry and money to influence the Syrian people to follow Wahhabism and try to brainwash the Syrian people to be anti-Assad. Saudi Arabia wishes only to hurt the Syrian Arab Republic, so Iran is weakened, therefore helping Saudi Arabia to win the conflict in Yemen. The list of wrong doings performed by Saudi Arabia continues as it is an ally of Israel, a country the Syrian Arab Republic would never align with and neither should the UN. The Syrian Arab Republic urges the UN to see the problems Saudi Arabia brings and to help the people who need it like the Houthis.
    The Syrian Arab Republic will also not support the Yemeni Muslim Brotherhood on the basis that they have supported the rebellion in the Syrian Arab Republic from the beginning, and they even supported a U.S. military strike against Damascus, which the Syrian Arab Republic will not support a group who wished harm for the country or the people.
    On the topic of humanitarian aid relief, the Syrian Arab Republic is preoccupied with sending aid to the people of the Syrian Arab Republic who have been poorly affected by the terrorist war in the Syrian Arab Republic. We are primarily concerned with aiding in cooperation with the UN to the people of the Syrian Arab Republic who are suffering economically, socially, and heath wise, so at the moment we can not help Yemen in that regard but other countries should help the people after the Houthis win the conflict.

  • Evelynbruinsma
    Evelynbruinsma November 13, 2017 Reply

    Special Political and Decolonization Committee
    The Situation in Yemen
    The Kingdom of Norway
    Evelyn Bruinsma

    A war-torn Yemen is in the middle of a political and humanitarian crisis; 60% of the population lacks food security, 12% have been internally displaced, and the cholera outbreak has been defined as one of the worst of the last century. War broke out in 2015 when the Shia Muslim minority rebelled against the president, both Ali Abdullah Saleh and Abdrabbuh Mansour Hadi, Saleh’s replacement. The rebels took control of the northern Saada province, to which Hadi responded by securing a coalition from Saudi Arabia in 2015. The failure of a peaceful negotiation between the government and the rebel forces have left behind a war-torn country in desperate need of help. As a result of the war, much of the country’s infrastructure has been destroyed, leaving many citizens without access to food and the medical services necessary to treat the widespread cholera. Earlier this year, the United Nations passed resolution 2342, which prohibits the supply, sale or transfer of arms to individuals and entities designated by the Committee to be engaging in or providing support for acts that threaten the peace, security or stability of Yemen — as well as to former President Ali Abdullah Saleh and Houthi commanders Abdullah Yahya al Hakim and Abd al-Khaliq al-Huthi. The 2016 UN Development Program (UNDP) Human Development Report (HDR) ranks Yemen 168th out of 188 for human development, further expanding upon the necessity of aid for those affected by this crisis.

    The Kingdom of Norway believes this humanitarian crisis to be of utmost importance and should be addressed immediately. The current head of the Norwegian Refugee Council, Jan Egeland, visited Yemen in order to observe the severity of the situation. She stated, “I am shocked to my bones by what I have seen and heard here in war- and hunger-stricken Yemen. The world is letting some 7 million men, women and children slowly but surely be engulfed by unprecedented famine. It is not a drought that is at fault. This preventable catastrophe is man-made from A to Z.” Norway has increased its humanitarian aid to Yemen by 10 million NOK (1,225,325 USD), reaching nearly 250 million NOK (30,633,130 USD) so far this year. Much of Norway’s support is funneled through UN agencies, the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, and various other humanitarian organizations that cooperate with local partners in Yemen. Norway also provides funding through the UN Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF), which has disbursed more than 200 million NOK (24,499,000 USD) to Yemen so far in 2017. Norway provides some 10 % of the funding for CERF.

    The Kingdom of Norway urges other countries to follow in our footsteps and provide aid to the starving people in this war-torn country. We suggest sending a peace mission with troops from volunteering countries in order to attempt to halt the fighting and negotiate a peace between the two parties. Furthermore, we recommend that actions be taken to effectively deliver food and necessary supplies to those in need. Such actions may include using drones to airdrop supplies to areas that cannot be accessed by other means due to the lack of critical transportation infrastructure. The Saudi Arabian forces and the Yemeni officials that lead them must be held accountable for the effect of their actions; their fighting has put the lives of millions of people at risk. We must advocate to stabilize the country in order to secure peace and safety for its people.

  • Jkillman
    Jkillman November 13, 2017 Reply

    Committee: Special Political
    Topic: Situation In Yemen
    Country: Saudi Arabia

    Since 2015, Yemen has been facing a very somber revolution, involving the the Yemeni government lead by president Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi, and the followers of the Houthi Movement. The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has sided with the Yemeni government, because there is fear of our own communities being in danger, and backed the Yemen militia when fighting with Houthi forces. Saudi Arabia had its first encounter back in 2015 involving a launched military intervention, that included bombing campaigns towards Houthi rebels.

    The current blockade that we are implementing is not to starve the people of Yemen, but to retaliate towards the Houthi rebels after we intercepted a ballistic missile strike and to prevent the smuggling of arms from Iran to the Houthi Rebels. Saudi Arabia believes that the Iranian government is the main Houthi arms supplier. “The involvement of Iran in supplying missiles to the Houthis is a direct military aggression by the Iranian regime”- Prince Mohammed bin Salman. Saudi Arabia is prepared to limit trade with any country that is in support of the UN Human rights resolution. We will not accept a resolution drafted by the Canada and the Netherlands.

    The Kingdom of Saudi arabia would like to accomplish a resolution that can help Yemen defeat the Houthi revolutionaries, and put a proper end to the grim famine that is claiming the lives of Yemeni people. Doing so, we will not be working with, nor be in support of any resolution that has been authored, or co-authored by Iran, or Lebanon, seeing that they are enemies of the state, and have threatened war against us.

  • Emmaalzner
    Emmaalzner November 14, 2017 Reply

    With over half of Yemen living below the poverty line and millions suffering from food insecurity, the Islamic Republic of Iran reaffirms the UN statement that the nation’s civil war is presently the worst humanitarian emergency faced by the international community. Furthermore, Iran recognizes that there is no military solution to this conflict, and that the productive negotiations of the delegates assembled within the United Nations body represent the best hope for peace and the return of stability to Yemen.
    Iran acknowledges that the transitional government of Yemen must be altered if the nation’s political process is to be realized. The Westernized influences on the current political regime counter the principle that any legitimate governing body must be the product of the Yemeni people themselves. The manipulation of the government and the packing of elites by the wealthy GCC monarchies and their Western counterparts after the ousting of Saleh has brought the current hostilities upon the nation’s people. The conflict in Yemen has been a continuation of the narrative of misunderstanding Westernized nations forcing their involvement within the region and manipulating politics in accordance to their own agendas. It is time for this paradigm to be altered. Iran sees that the GCC Initiative and its Implementation Mechanism in alignment with the outcomes of the National Dialogue Conference represent the force of intervention on Yemen and must be revised. Iran advocates to end the imposing of interventionist agendas on the political process of Yemen, and for the reshaping of a federal regime formatted by the Yemeni people themselves, including both those who support the Houthi movement and the Hadi regime.
    In continuation, Iran has taken note of the severe economic depreciation that has intensified the hostilities within Yemen. Inflation, the shrinking of GDP, suspension of foreign investment, chaotic public budget, as well as the destruction of infrastructure, public services, and jobs must be immediately corrected. Iran supports the fostering of development initiatives and economic assistance for the region while respecting Yemen’s territorial integrity.
    Perhaps most importantly, Iran requests the SPECPOL committee to take immediate action to end the irresponsible military campaign by the Saudi coalition that has brought famine, poverty, destruction, and the indiscriminate killing of civilians. All UN missions as well as other aid has been suspended in the region, as the coalition’s military activity has caused the region to be too dangerous to deliver aid. The OCHA has predicted that if the Saudi blockade is not soon lifted, the famine will extend to kill millions. The GCC intervention has clearly exacerbated the crisis. Iran calls upon SPECPOL to take action to protect the Yemeni people against the actions of the GCC and develop a humanitarian plan to provide relief to the region.
    SPECPOL must move efficiently to address the political, economic, security, and humanitarian needs of the region. Iran is looking forward to forging a solution alongside the delegates assembled within the UN body to benefit the Yemeni people, who have for so long been disregarded by the international community.

  • Riley.t.wilson
    Riley.t.wilson November 14, 2017 Reply

    The attack on our great nation, lead by radical terrorists, in protest of our democratically elected leader Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi, has thrown our country into chaos and violence. It is because of this that we have one of the greatest humanitarian crisis’ in the world today; 4,773 civilians have been killed, and countless more injured due to the conflict, and over 17 million of our citizens are without proper food and medicine. Yemen believes that the key to stopping this humanitarian crisis is not only supplying its citizens with the proper aid that they need, but the prevention of future violence by the Houthi Rebellion

    Yemen believes that UN Security Council Resolution 2216, passed in 2015, was a very promising step forward, as was UN Security Council Resolution 2266, both of which attempted to condemn and prevent the proliferation of violence carried out by the insurgents, through military sanctions and a plea to stop further violence. However we believe there is still much to be done to restore peace in our nation. We ask that any resolution considered by this council reaffirm the ideas of the aforementioned resolutions, and build on their shortcomings. Doing this will help in preventing further displacement of the already 2 million already displaced by the violence caused by the Houthi rebels.

    The ability for aid to reach the citizens of Yemen is extremely hindered by missile attacks by the Houthi rebels, forcing us to close our ports to any commercial or aid supplies. In fact, Yemen, along with the United States and Saudi Arabia, agree that a recent ballistic missile that struck our airport on November 4th, 2017, was supplied by Iran. Attacks like these have set us back, however Yemen still assures the international community’s that its commitment to providing aid to its citizens continues. We ask that the protection of our ports be recognized by the council, and hope that further aid can be provided by this council.

    We thank all nations who have pledged their support for Yemen, whether it be through aid or military. The proliferation of peace is the greatest priority of the United Nations, and as delegates, I hope we can find solutions for those suffering from the violence caused by the Houthi rebels, and prevent future violence from occurring.

  • Emmaalzner
    Emmaalzner November 14, 2017 Reply

    Committee: SPECPOL
    Topic: Yemen
    Country: The Islamic Republic of Iran

    With over half of Yemen living below the poverty line and millions suffering from food insecurity, the Islamic Republic of Iran reaffirms the UN statement that the nation’s civil war is presently the worst humanitarian emergency faced by the international community. Furthermore, Iran recognizes that there is no military solution to this conflict, and that the productive negotiations of the delegates assembled within the United Nations body represent the best hope for peace and the return of stability to Yemen.

    Iran acknowledges that the transitional government of Yemen must be altered if the nation’s political process is to be realized. The Westernized influences on the current political regime counter the principle that any legitimate governing body must be the product of the Yemeni people themselves. The manipulation of the government and the packing of elites by the wealthy GCC monarchies and their Western counterparts after the ousting of Saleh has brought the current hostilities upon the nation’s people. The conflict in Yemen has been a continuation of the narrative of misunderstanding Westernized nations forcing their involvement within the region and manipulating politics in accordance to their own agendas. It is time for this paradigm to be altered. Iran sees that the GCC Initiative and its Implementation Mechanism in alignment with the outcomes of the National Dialogue Conference represent the force of intervention on Yemen and must be revised. Iran advocates to end the imposing of interventionist agendas on the political process of Yemen, and for the reshaping of a federal regime formatted by the Yemeni people themselves, including both those who support the Houthi movement and the Hadi regime.

    In continuation, Iran has taken note of the severe economic depreciation that has intensified the hostilities within Yemen. Inflation, the shrinking of GDP, suspension of foreign investment, chaotic public budget, as well as the destruction of infrastructure, public services, and jobs must be immediately corrected. Iran supports the fostering of development initiatives and economic assistance for the region while respecting Yemen’s territorial integrity.

    Perhaps most importantly, Iran requests the SPECPOL committee to take immediate action to end the irresponsible military campaign by the Saudi coalition that has brought famine, poverty, destruction, and the indiscriminate killing of civilians. All UN missions as well as other aid has been suspended in the region, as the coalition’s military activity has caused the region to be too dangerous to deliver aid. The OCHA has predicted that if the Saudi blockade is not soon lifted, the famine will extend to kill millions. The GCC intervention has clearly exacerbated the crisis. Iran calls upon SPECPOL to take action to protect the Yemeni people against the actions of the GCC and develop a humanitarian plan to provide relief to the region.

    SPECPOL must move efficiently to address the political, economic, security, and humanitarian needs of the region. Iran is looking forward to forging a solution alongside the delegates assembled within the UN body to benefit the Yemeni people, who have for so long been disregarded by the international community.

  • Maddiejones223
    Maddiejones223 November 14, 2017 Reply

    Committee: Special Political
    Topic: Yemen
    Country: Japan
    Delegate: Madeline Jones

    Japan would like to express its continued support of a ceasefire in Yemen and humanitarian aid. We are seeking strong ties with European and US donor countries in democratization, counter-terrorism measures, and poverty reduction.

    After an increased deterioration of the situation in Yemen following March 2015, near 17 million people (60% of the population) need food aid (2017 IPC report). The problem is so serious and widespread that seven out of the twenty-two prefectures are classified as emergency status, one step away from famine. Japan has supported a multitude of humanitarian projects including the Official Development Assistance Program as of Heisei 29 and the Maternal and Child Health and Nutrition Improvement Plan as of Heisei 28 with a 500 million and 7900 million yen grant limit respectively.

    The economic situation in Yemen is also dire. Public debt in 2014 increased 17.3% from 2014-2015. The foreign exchange reserves have also declined, which gives concern for the economic situation deteriorating further and creating further domestic confusion. This is of great concern for Japan, as trade with Yemen encompasses 89.148 billion yen in imports and 46.333 billion yen in exports. Japan gives its full support and understanding for Yemen’s current economic distress. To aid cooperation Japan has issued 70.18 billion yen in grant aid, 104.39 billion yen as a result of technical cooperation, and 608.49 billion yen in loan assistance to the nation.

    Japan encourages the government of Yemen to take positive action towards a ceasefire. We recognize no military solution, and a needed cooperation between Yemen forces to stabilize the situations. Japan urges this continued dialogue of Yemish forces and will continue aid and support efforts of the UN Special Envoy Ismail. It is in the national interest of Japan to continue cooperation and proactively engage in humanitarian assistance.

  • Ellaschnefke
    Ellaschnefke November 14, 2017 Reply

    Special Political
    Situation in Yemen
    Lebanon
    Ella Schnefke

    Lebanese citizens are more worried that the evacuation of Saudi citizens could be followed by an economic – and possibly military – escalation. There is also the ever-present Israeli threat of renewed aggression against Lebanon; Israeli officials have been talking about another conflict with Hezbollah. Lebanon has great fears of the situation turning into the next Yemen, with Hezbollah posing a possible threat of blockage. Such a move would have a devastating effect on the country and the millions of Syrian and Palestinian refugees it is hosting. Given the human catastrophes in Syria and Yemen and the incessant turmoil in Iraq, pushing conflict on Lebanon would unleash a whole new level of chaos, destruction, and death in the region. When it comes to an armed confrontation with Hezbollah, it is unlikely that any party in Lebanon would be willing to participate. Lebanon fears war and the outcome of this travesty. Saudi Arabia’s move to tighten an already devastating blockade on Yemen in response to the missile was roundly criticized by aid groups, humanitarian workers and the United Nations, which warned that the blockade could bring millions of people closer to “starvation and death.” It is too early to say how Saudi Arabia will handle the crisis in Lebanon triggered by Hariri’s resignation, and whether he will indeed try to reach a new settlement with Hezbollah. A political crisis has gripped Lebanon since, but instead of splitting the Lebanese, the manner of Hariri’s resignation has provoked outrage among most. Convinced that he was forced to quit and was being held against his will, the Lebanese found rare unity around their demand that Hariri is allowed to return home. Already facing widespread international criticism over its crippling blockade of Yemen and skepticism over the unprecedented wave of arrests inside Saudi Arabia, the kingdom suddenly seemed like a rogue nation acting on impulse and taking the region to the brink of explosion. Imposing sanctions on individuals it said were undermining the stability of Yemen, the Security Council today demanded that all parties in the embattled country, in particular, the Houthis, immediately and unconditionally end violence and refrain from further unilateral actions that threatened the political transition. This would include a general assets freeze, travel ban and arms embargo, on Abdulmalik al-Houthi, who it called the Houthi leader, and Ahmed Ali Abdullah Saleh, son of the president who stepped down in 2011, the resolution called upon all Yemeni parties to abide by the Gulf Cooperation Council and other initiatives and to resume the United Nations-brokered political transition. We believe this is the best way to achieve peace and stability.

  • Dthakkar123
    Dthakkar123 November 14, 2017 Reply

    Country: Republic of South Africa
    Committee: Special Political and Decolonization
    Topic: The situation in Yemen
    Delegate: Drew Thakkar
    School: Grand Blanc High School

    The Yemen Civil War is a terrifying issue that the international community is forced to face. There has been a massive cholera outbreak, and millions cling to life. The deadly outbreak is the direct consequence of two years of heavy conflict. Collapsing health, water and sanitation systems have cut off approximately 14.5 million people from regular access to clean water and sanitation, increasing the ability of the disease to spread. Rising rates of malnutrition have weakened the children’s health and made them more vulnerable to disease. In response, the World Health Organization has partnered with 50 different organizations across and trained around 900 health workers in Yemen to combat the cholera crisis. Among the other efforts implemented: the opening of 36 diarrhea treatment centers and 139 oral rehydration corners, medical resources, including 1 million bags of IV fluids and 1450 cholera beds, and 158 cholera kits.

    As a result, more than 700,000 people have been treated for suspected cholera. The response has also contributed to a decline in cases in some of the worst-affected districts in the country. South Africa believes that there must be more intense and rapid deployment of aid workers and other supplies in the region. Thanks to current efforts, more than 99% of the suspected cases are no longer in life-threatening situations. With more responses like that of WHO’s, the only workable solution to this behemoth of a conflict is through diplomacy and other critical compromises.

    It is important to first understand the background of this issue, so that the committee may construct an equitable solution. In 2015, two factions claiming to constitute the Yemeni government, along with their supporters and allies started to fight. Houthi forces controlling the capital Sana’a and allied with forces loyal to the former president Ali Abdullah Saleh have clashed with forces loyal to the government of Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi, based in Aden. Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula and the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant have also carried out attacks, with Al-Qaeda controlling swathes of territory in the hinterlands and along stretches of the coast.

    South Africa firmly believes that using any form of military force against the people of Yemen would further destabilize the Middle East and instigate more chaos and insecurity in the world. In the eyes of many coalition countries, the military intervention in Yemen is completely justified. However, the international community must point out that the Saudi-led airstrikes violate basic international laws. The United Nations has already concluded that the Saudi coalition has conducted air strikes that had targeted civilians, including camps for internally displaced people, weddings, schools, religious centers, hospitals, vehicles, and markets. Subsequently, Saudi Arabia and other coalition countries must work to end this tide of attacks on the people of Yemen.

    The committee must demand a swift end to this atrocious military intervention by the Saudi-led coalition. More importantly, the United States, a key member of the coalition, should review its policy of support for Saudi Arabia’s actions in Yemen. The effects of their military intervention are clear: 8,100 civilians were killed or wounded between 26 March and the end of 2015, the vast majority from airstrikes by Saudi-led coalition forces, according to the human rights office.

    Besides devastating civilian casualties, the Saudi-led coalition has also damaged critical infrastructure, which has prevented from any humanitarian aid being delivered to those affected, making this the world’s largest humanitarian crisis. Severe damage has been caused by Saudi attacks on Yemen’s airports. The coalition continues to obstruct the delivery of much-needed humanitarian assistance and other supplies according to the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) and Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF). Simply put, Saudi blockades and diversions of aid vessels have not helped with this situation, but have in fact worsened it.

    In order to mitigate this crisis, South Africa believes that the United Nations must discipline the countries who further all of this destruction, and then move to transport aid to the region. The issue of ongoing efforts toward regional hegemony by Saudi Arabia and Iran are separate. The committee’s sole focus should be to alleviate the humanitarian crisis, without stepping into the waters of geopolitical controversy. In fact, it would be in the national security interest of all stakeholders to come to establish a peace process and help those affected.

    The United Nations would also do well to encourage all member nations, especially in the Middle East, to contribute sums of money to a collective fund. A separate committee or agency such as an International Aid Fund, specifically for this crisis, shall be established in order to oversee contributions and allocation of funds. South Africa is of the belief that without full commitment from all countries, we will not be able to come to the aid of the innocent lives who continue to cling to life.

    More importantly, all surrounding countries must contribute to a peace process specifically between the Houthi rebels and the Yemeni government. Iran and Saudi Arabia are obligated to eliminate the flow of weapons into the region, which would allow aid supplies to be delivered, and aid workers would be able to assist those affected. As in every conflict, South Africa reaffirms its commitment to international peace and stability solely through dialogue, without arms races between countries vying for influence.

    In sum, the committee must work toward a gradual peace process within an agreed framework. In the South African view, the top priority of the committee should be to achieve the completely unhindered deliverance of aid supplies to those affected. Iran and Saudi Arabia are driving much of this conflict, and U.S. support of the bombing of innocents in the region does not help. This is why all countries must come to an agreement, which would let aid workers perform their tasks as necessary.

  • Danapierangeli
    Danapierangeli November 14, 2017 Reply

    Special Political and Decolonization Committee
    The Situation in Yemen
    The Republic of Turkey
    Dana Pierangeli

    The situation in Yemen has been a major world problem since even before the outbreak of war in 2015. Not only is Yemen is one of the poorest countries in the middle east, but it is also fighting a war that has devastated the country. The transition from the leadership of Ali Abdullah Saleh to Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi sparked an especially vicious attack from the Houthi rebel group, a terrorist organization that is comprised largely of Yemen’s Shia Muslim minority, that progressed to outright war. Many other nations have become involved, Saudi Arabia and the United States aid the Yemen government, and Iran is rumored to be supporting the Houthi rebels. This war has lead to the turmoil of the nation, for both the government and civilians. 3.1 million Yemenis have suffered internal displacement, 60% have suffered a loss of food security, and much of the nation’s infrastructure has been destroyed at the hands of these terrorists. The country is at risk of contracting serious diseases, including a current outbreak of cholera. No amount of peace talk is improving the situation.

    The Republic of Turkey stands with Yemen in its struggle to regain it’s footing and restore it’s country. We have always supported the unity, stability, and prosperity of the Yemenis. Turkey has been working towards a solution under the parameters of the UN Security Council Resolution No. 2216 (2015), the National Dialogue Conference (NDC), and the Gulf Cooperation Council Initiative (GCC). We suggested the foundation of the OIC Yemen Contact Group at the Extraordinary Meeting of the Council of Foreign Ministers of Member States of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) in June of 2015. In April of 2017, a Turkish delegation attended the “High-level Pledging Event for the Humanitarian Crisis in Yemen,” under the leadership of Deputy Prime Minister H.E. Veysi Kaynak under the auspices of the UN Secretary General and the Foreign Ministers of Sweden and Switzerland. Turkey has accepted thousands of Yemenis refugees into our country. We support the Saudi Arabian military forces in bringing justice to the Yemenis government, and we ourselves have donated urgent humanitarian assistance and various medical and development aid worth 8 million USD to Yemen for humanitarian efforts. We would like to focus on a political solution implemented by the United Nations.

    Turkey calls upon all countries to lend aid to the Yemeni government in order to prompt the economic growth it so desperately needs. With enough foreign aid, we can put a stop to the food and displacement crises that are plaguing the nation of Yemen. We call on Iran and the Houthi terrorists to remove themselves from Yemen. And perhaps most importantly, we recommend that Resolution 2216 be enforced throughout the peace talk procedure. Before any rebuilding of Yemen begins, peace must first be negotiated so as to confirm that the destruction will not continue through efforts to fix what has been harmed. The Yemeni government should meet with the Houthi rebels and all other parties involved in order to come to a peaceful solution for this predicament. It is essential for the United Nations to work towards a diplomatic solution to the ongoing destruction of Yemen.

  • Kmfallon920
    Kmfallon920 November 14, 2017 Reply

    Special Political Committee
    Situation in Yemen
    Jordan
    Kathleen Fallon

    Since 2015, Yemen has been distraught with a war between the Houthi rebels and Yemen’s government. Although the issue is ongoing (disputes occurring since 2004), the war officially began after the Houthis’ capturing of Yemen’s capital, Sanaa. The conflict is an effect of the Yemeni uprising in 2011. Revolutionaries demanded the authoritarian president, Ali Abdullah Saleh, to give up his power to Mr Hadi, his deputy. The transition was anything but smooth, the revolution that was supposed to politically stabilize the country causing a greater amount of political uproar. Corrupt officials and loyals to the previous president took advantage of the weakened state, seeing an opportunity to seize power.

    In 2015, Saudi Arabia led a coalition of nine African and Arab states, united against the Houthis. Operation Decisive Storm consisted of mainly air bombings and raids as well as naval blockades. The more notable aspect of this coalition is the Operation Restoring Hope, that is directed towards creating a stable political climate through the political process. The team, Jordan included, does not see reason to rule out violence to counter attacks. For Jordan, we see our participation in the campaign as a way to not only establish peace within Yemen, but also in the greater Middle East region. It is Jordan’s ultimate goal to ensure Arab security, and ending the Yemeni conflict is inseparable to that process.

    Thus far, the UN has done a considerable amount of work towards the topic, most notably through Security Council Resolution 2216. Basically, it calls on the Houthis to withdraw their forces and hand over weapons seized from military institutions, as well as calls on both parties to abide by the peacekeeping means of all relevant resolutions. It also implemented sanctions and called on member states to cease the distribution of arms to those sanctioned.

    Jordan finds it necessary for member states heavily involved to lay aside their predispositions to work towards a greater goal. The preservation of the Yemeni people and the Arab sphere of influence is of utmost priority; Jordan would look favorably upon a resolution that seeks peace in as many regions as possible and ends fighting through the organization of peace talks, the protection of humanitarian aid, and maintenance of necessary sanctions.

  • Alhamd-R
    Alhamd-R November 14, 2017 Reply

    After Saddam, Iraq has learned harshly the consequences of intruding in another country. This is what Iraq sees happening in Yemen. An internal conflict in Yemen is currently being aggregated by two nations, Saudi Arabia and Iran. This resulted in the suffering of civilians and in the potential security threat that this poses in the region.
    The biggest concern of Iraq regarding Yemen is Saudi Arabia and Iran’s involvement in the issue. To Iraq, intruding into another country’s internal affairs is a clear violation of its constitution. Iraq worries that Saudi Arabia’s airstrikes are the beginning of a more oppressive Saudi Arabian military role in neighboring states. Iraq finally in the last stages of getting rid of the islamic state is not ready for a regional conflict and prefers a time of peace to allow the country to restore itself economically and politically. The escalation caused by the supply of military aid by iran and saudi arabia, has caused the rise of many humanitarian issues. Saudi Arabian airstrikes resulted in more than half of the 13,000 civilian casualties in Yemen even though Saudi Arabia has declared it has no intention in hurting civilians. It has also caused the food instability of sixty percent of the Yemeni population and in one of the World’s largest cholera outbreak. Iraq believes that these nations have no intention of maintaining peace in Yemen or a ceasefire. Iraq frowns upon imperialistic nations in the region that are willing to risk the safety and stability of the region for its own ambition.
    For these reasons, Iraq wants to stop Saudi Arabia’s air campaign, and all the military aid being supplied by Iran and Saudi Arabia for self-ambitious reasons, and the regaining of Yemen’s unity as a country by means of peaceful dialogue and solution. Iraq is ready to support any constitutional and legal action that would bring back the safety and security to the Yemeni people. All Iraq wants is the return of peace and stability to the region and frowns upon any country intervening in that goal.

  • Dane
    Dane November 14, 2017 Reply

    Country: Burkina Faso
    Committee: SPECPOL
    Topic: The Situation in Yemen
    Delegate: Dane Webb
    School: Williamston High School

    Yemen has always been one of the poorest countries in the Middle East, even before war broke out. The tensions that created sparks soon to become an ignited fire of war started when the former president Ali Abdullah Saleh agreed to step down from his position. His position was then given two Abdrabbuh Mansour Hadi in 2012. The Houthi Movement was a group of Yemen’s Shia Muslim Minority who protested against the previous president calling for his resignation. This group, seeing the the struggling president, pounced on this brief chance of rebellion took control of of thee northern Saada province. Hadi fled south and got people to join a rising coalition to fight against this new threat. A war broke out between the two parties in which they still have not found a compromise. This has plunged Yemen into a poverty greater than it has ever seen before. It has been gripped by this humanitarian crisis with over half of the population missing basic necessities like food and water.

    Burkina Faso has not had many previous experiences with Yemen and due to this does not have any bias towards or against Yemen. What has happened is a travesty. There was no reason for a war to break out and now the people must pay for it. On the other hand though Burkina Faso is nowhere near wealthy. We are nearly as poor as Yemen.

    Burkina Faso believes that this war needs to stop. We cannot keep fighting a senseless war. Though minorities should not be shunned or pushed away, there is no reason to go to the level of an attempt to overthrow the government. The government was perfectly stable. Their were a few problems which could have been featured more prominently but that is why you voted a new president into your government. It won’t be easy to reason with these terrorists but it is the only option as of the time writing this. Civilian life matters should prevail above all else, especially in Yemen’s current climate of crisis.

  • Trucy.phan
    Trucy.phan November 14, 2017 Reply

    Country: Portugal
    Committee: SPECPOL
    Topic: The Situation in Yemen
    Delegate: Trucy Phan
    School: Williamston High School

    The crisis in Yemen has been an ongoing issue for not only surrounding Arab countries, but along with UN nations around the globe. Ranked at 168th out of 188th for human development, Yemen is one of the poorest countries in the Middle East today. The country’s economy and infrastructure has been in shambles as a direct result of the unresolved war. Tensions began to arise back during the time former Yemen President Ali Abdullah Saleh agreed to turn over leadership to Abdrabbuh Mansour Hadi. This political transition, back in 2011, was supposed to assist the country on improving its stability and development. Unfortunately, Mr. Hadi had struggled with numerous problems, which include dealing with the Houthi movement, which favors Yemen’s Zaidi Shia Muslim minority. The Houthis had already been rebelling against Mr. Saleh during his time in office, and when the country appointed a new president, the group took advantage of his weaknesses by taking control of the northern Saada province. The war between forces that remained loyal to President Hadi and the opposing Houthi Rebels has led Yemen into a humanitarian and political crisis. The United Nations must determine any legal action that can be taken in order to disperse this conflict and negotiate peace between the government and the rebels.
    Portugal has an interest in contributing to efforts to help bring peace and stability in the Middle East. Portuguese Foreign Minister, Augusto Santos Silva stated to President Reuven Rivlin of Israel that events that occur in the Middle East affects the global community, and Europe in particular. Portugal has publicly said that the government plans on helping secure Israel on their issues, which will then impact on Arab lands in the Middle East. Portugal believes in the principle of democracy and human rights.
    Portugal would like to propose to resolve this conflict by gathering an assembly of nations that would be willing to peacefully intervene in the issue with Yemen and urge for a negotiation between the two opposing sides. Portugal’s main focus pushes world leaders to do what they can for the people in Yemen, who are suffering from much food insecurity and a wide range of serious diseases. Portugal believes that the first step that must be taken to resolve this issue is to ensure access to food, fuel and medical supplies for the people which can be done by re-opening air and sea routes, that were previously closed. Portugal wants to emphasize the importance of making sure that, in line with the Arms Trade Treaty, no other country decides to send arms and military support to any side of the conflict. Countries that Portugal expects to work with include Singapore, the United States, Djibouti, and the United Kingdom.

  • Livm711
    Livm711 November 14, 2017 Reply

    Special Political and Decolonization Committee
    Addressing the Yemen Conflict
    Malaysia
    Olivia Miller

    Yemen, one of the poorest Arab countries in the world, has been demolished by a war between forces loyal to the internationally-recognized government of President Abdrabbuh Mansour Hadi and the allied rebels of the Houthi movement. Almost 8,000 people have been killed and 42,000 injured since March 2015 when the plethora of airstrikes by Saudi Arabia occurred in order to back the president in a multinational coalition against the Houthi rebels. This coalition imposed a blockade on the country of Yemen and in addition to the entire conflict, has left 70 percent of the population in need of humanitarian aid. The conflict began with the failure of a political transition that followed an uprising forcing Yemen’s former president, Ali Abdullah Saleh, to hand over power to Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi. Hadi had to deal with a variety of problems, like attacks by al-Qaeda: a separatist movement in the south, the continuing loyalty of many military officers to Mr Saleh, as well as corruption, unemployment, and food insecurity. The Houthi movement supports Yemen’s Zaidi Shia Muslim minority and fought a series of rebellions against Saleh, President of the Sunni Muslim majority. During the previous decade, this group took advantage of the new president’s weakness by taking control of their land, the Saada province and surrounding areas. Many Yemenis were disillusioned with the transition of power in the government and supported the opposing Houthis. In January 2015 the Houthis took over Sanaa, surrounding the presidential palace and other key points and effectively placing Mr Hadi and his cabinet ministers under house arrest. Malaysia is concerned for the lives of the Yemeni people, along with the conflict between the two sides of muslim. To appeal to their favored Muslim group, Iran has assisted the Shia rebellion in their efforts to take over the Sunni government controlling Yemen and Saudi Arabia has helped the Sunni government stand strong through the immense force of the opposing rebel group.

    With expressed concerns over the growing Iranian interference in the internal affairs of the Arab countries, both Saudi Arabia and Malaysia have created the King Salman Center for Global Peace. The Saudi Ministry of Defense, the Center for Security and Defense at the Malaysian Ministry of Defense, and the Malaysian University of Islamic Sciences and the Makkah-based Muslim World League (MWL) made the King Salman Center for Global Peace in order to focus on military aspects and academic elements, combatting terrorist threats and the spread of propaganda, and ideologies rumored about by the extremists and the terrorists, especially in Yemen. Malaysia has arrested hundreds in the last few years for suspected links to militant groups. Malaysia will continue to lend all support to the legitimate authority in Yemen as well as facilitating access of aid to all regions of Yemen.

    Malaysia urges the United Nations to make peaceful efforts to end the crisis. The Malaysian capital, Kuala Lumpur, has declared its relentless support in participating in the fight against terrorism and violent extremism and encourages the UN to reinforce this solution. Our country has urged the Southeast Asian nation to be on high alert since the suicide bombers and gunmen linked to ISIS launched multiple attacks in Jakarta last year and another ISIS attack using grenades on the outskirts of Kuala Lumpur in June last year. Militant groups must be stopped from taking over Yemen, threatening the people, and killing may of them. Malaysia reiterates the need for assistance to the Yemeni people and the resistance against such threatening people.

  • avatar image
    Tyler Clifton November 14, 2017 Reply

    SUBMITTED TO: Special and Political
    FROM: Botswana
    SUBJECT: The Situation in Yemen

    Seeing as both the government of Botswana and the formal government of Yemen are both in the FATF, the delegation of Botswana is in full support of the formal current ruling government in Yemen. The delegation of Botswana is also aware of the blockade controlled by Saudi Arabia and although we understand the poor conditions that the people of Yemen are in we believe that Saudi Arabia is fully just in it’s decision to blockade Yemen until Iran backs off as the rebels should not be supported in their outrageous cause.
    In order to fix the problem of the poor conditions, the Yemeni people are going through. Botswana suggests aerial supply drops sent in by a neutral 3rd party and guarded by the military forces of the formal government of Yemen. We hope our good friends in Saudi Arabia will be alright with this considering their blockade, but since the supplies will be dropped off by a willing and able neutral 3rd party, Iran will have no control over the supplies; that means that no contraband will end up In the supply drops and therefore the rebel hands.
    Another thing we do need to worry about is, in fact, the civil war of course and a solution to it, the delegation of Botswana, of course, being good friends with the formal government of Yemen would prefer the rebels release their control on the city but considering how long the conflict has lasted perhaps a more diplomatic approach will be necessary, perhaps the 2 political parties could reach some sort of treaty where the parties can peacefully separate or a solution similar to that circumstance occurring.
    In Conclusion, The Delegation of Botswana Respects the individual issues of each country and believes that should be met in time. But Botswana also believes that the first priority of all parties involved should be the well being of the Yemeni people, these people are sick, injured and starving and, as human beings, that should be our utmost priority.

  • Adivenkatesh
    Adivenkatesh November 14, 2017 Reply

    Special Political and Decolonization Committee
    Yemen
    India
    Adi Venkatesh

    Although conflict in the Middle East has been apparent for more than 50 years, Yemen has had its own problems since 2011. When long time president Ali Abdullah handed over leadership to Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadafter an uprising, the country became divided religiously. Ever since, the Houthi movement, who associate themselves as Shia gained support of many Yemen citizens, even Sunni, and set up street camps and road blocks in Sana’a. Also, they placed Mr. Hadi in house arrest. Since then, pro-government forces and Sunni separatists have waged a massive war against the Houthi rebels over the land on the Gulf of Aden, a key piece of land vital to trade and prosperity of Yemen’s citizens. In 2015, several Indian citizens were trapped in Sana’a after a Saudi Arabian intervention. The Saudi’s along with many other Middle Eastern countries led a massive coalition of airstrikes on Houthi forces. Although, this is tolerable and in fact necessary, citizens must be evacuated before countries start to provide air support for the Yemeni government. It took Indian Armed Forces 12 days to evacuate all the citizens and other foreign nationals in an operation called Rahat. It is vital that the conflict ends for the preservation of innocent lives. Other countries citizens and Yemen’s citizens are in danger if conflict continues. Evacuation will be impossible so a resolution must be resolved between the Houthi and the government.

    Due to Operation Rahat, India realizes that many citizens are in trouble in Yemen. In fact, 23 other countries have requested aid from India to rescue their own citizens. Outside aid may not work as it just causes more conflict. Yemen is an important country to India as it is near many other Middle Eastern countries filled with turmoil and militants that India does not want inside its borders. Also, India and Yemen share close and friendly ties, with significant economic interest in various fields and a bilateral trade of over 3.25 billion US dollars. However, this does not deny that India does view the Yemen crisis as a threat. In 2016, an Indian Priest was abducted on his way to Yemen. Ever since his rescue in September, Prime Minister Modi and the Indian government have heavily restricted comercial travel to Yemen. But even worse, the same group that abducted the priest also gave 40 other innocents to ISIS to be held hostage in 2014.

    India condemns the Houthi rebels and urges that something must be done. Whether it be increased war efforts and aid for the Yemeni government or an increased effort to evacuate citizens to decrease collateral damage, India will provide aid to any efforts that will help the Yemeni government and its citizens. It is vital that the Special Political and Decolonization committee keeps the safety of the Yemeni citizens at utmost priority as there are many citizens from other countries living there. The Houthi rebels are just like any other Islamic Militant group and if they are not terminated then the vast network of terrorism between ISIS, Houthi, Boko Haram, HAMAS, and Al Qaeda will only grow. We would like to see and increase in humanitarian aid to the citizens in Yemen, and an increase in armed presence in hotspots where the rebels may strike.

  • Luke.jaworsky
    Luke.jaworsky November 14, 2017 Reply

    Country: Swaziland
    Committee: SPECPOL
    Topic: Crisis in Yemen
    Delegate: Luke Jaworsky
    School: Williamston High School

    The issue in Yemen largely stretches from being one of the poorest nations in the world, being undeveloped, and war causing the country to be slowly pulled apart. The war started when the original president, Ali Abdullah Saleh moved his power over to another politician Abdrabbuh Mansour Hadi after many protests, this gave way to a military group called the Houthi, a terrorist group compiled of a minority muslim religion within Yemen who took control of one of Yemen’s northern provinces during the new president’s term. The current president was aided by a Saudi Arabian coalition to help defend Yemen against the Houthi. This country’s political and humanitarian problems started before the war but has had a large increase in issues dealing with citizens health and overall stability of the country due to the war and effects caused by it. The political sector of the issue in Yemen is in a horrible condition due to many peace talk attempts made between the two failing, leaving the nation in war. The humanitarian sector of the issue was mostly caused by the war causing damage to the economic infrastructure of the nation, causing many to die from going without medical aid and other necessities.
    Swaziland and the African Union have previously been involved with this issue and have called upon a diplomatic resolution to the issue. The African Union calls for a treaty between the Houthi and the state of Yemen and for a U.N. intervention in this country to help supply its citizens with adequate materials that will be used to aid their survival.
    Based off of Swaziland’s previous responses to situations like these the country calls for a treaty to be signed between Yemen and the Houthi that demands a military standstill between the two or else UN troops will be placed throughout the country. Next Swaziland calls for medical supplies and food to be delivered to Yemen’s citizens until the country’s overall health for their citizens has improved.

  • Saramvarg
    Saramvarg November 14, 2017 Reply

    Special Political and Decolonization Committee
    The Situation in Yemen
    Côte d’Ivoire
    Sara Vargas

    The situation in Yemen began with the failure Ali Abdullah Saleh to hand his government power over to Abdrabbuh Mansour Hadi. The Yemeni people started to rebel against the Saudi-backed government by forming their own group named The Houthi Movement. The Houthi movement, which had fought with Abdullah for precious land, fought once again when Abdrabbuh Mansour Hadi came into control. The movement’s goal was to take control of the northern heartland of Saada province. These sides of Yemen have been battled “on-and-off since 2004” although the majority of the fighting was “confined to the Houthis’ stronghold, northern Yemen’s impoverished Saada province” (Yemen Conflict). The UN reports 7,600 people killed and close to 42,000 others injured since the rebel movement of the Hadi and Houthi forces. According to UNHCR, “There has been some movement of people fleeing Yemen to Somalia and Djibouti”. According to “War and Conflict” The humanitarian situation continues to deteriorate with no end in sight as “almost 21 million Yemenis are in need of assistance”.

    Côte D’ivoire has a bilateral agreement with the United States and we support all their efforts to help aid the Yemeni people. Côte D’ivoire agrees specifically with United States position that “Saudi Arabia bears heavy responsibility for the crisis for its “ruthless but unwinnable war” (Washington Post). However, there are somethings that the U.S. has endorsed, that Cote D’ivoire does not. The United States supports the Saudi-imposed blockade on Yemen that has “allowed only a trickle of relief supplies to reach the country, putting millions of people at risk of starvation (World Post). Côte D’ivoire empathizes with the Yemenis starvation and needs for humanitarian assistance and we call the Special Political and Decolonization Committee to empathize with us.

    Cote D’ivoire proposes that the United Nations rule in favor of the Houthi movement. President Ali Abdullah Saleh has been in governmental power for 33 years and last of these years being unjust. The people of Yemen are protesting for a new president, that will care for the needs of the country. When the people’s needs are met, the destruction will be limited. Côte D’ivoire proposes a solution that encourages peace talks. If peace can be achieved between the nations then terrorism will decrease in surrounding countries as well as the humanitarian needs of safety will be met.

  • Sydneyconnors
    Sydneyconnors November 14, 2017 Reply

    November 14, 2017
    Submitted To: The Special Political and Decolonization Committee
    From: The Republic of Cuba
    Regarding: The Conflict in Yemen
    Delegate: Sydney Connors
    School: Royal Oak High School

    For the past three years, the explosion of political instability in Yemen has posed an enormous humanitarian threat. It is unfortunate that matters of state have spilled over into such violence and become entangled with the lives of innocent civilians. The Republic of Cuba would like to pledge its unflinching support for peace in this region, which can only be attained through the cooperation of all political entities within Yemen. It is our belief that this issue is a unilateral one, and has no need to become a multilateral one through the influence of regional politics of outside nations.
    Cuba’s history with Yemen is longstanding, and we wish to maintain our support for the legitimate government of Yemen, on the basis of three very important coalitions regarding the Yemeni crisis. The first is the Gulf Initiative. This temporary solution provides a way to govern the country by uniting factions of the government whose previous oppositions to each other fostered the original political instability that contributed to the breakdown of order in Yemen. It is
    important that the temporary mission of the Gulf Initiative (to rebuild the government and constitution) is fulfilled, so that a proper election can be held, and the power in Yemen shift back to normalcy. We would also like to see the expansion of aid to civilians who now face a plethora of issues such as food instability, internal displacement, disease outbreak, unclean water and electricity shortages, among other things. It is our sincere desire to work not only to end the violence in Yemen, but to further the interests and human rights (specifically Article
    25 and Article 28 of the United Nations Declaration on Human Rights {UDHR}) of the innocent civilians who have been affected by the violence and disruption that this conflict has caused.
    In keeping with the protection of civilians and their rights, the Yemen National Dialogue Conference is a key element to rebuilding a stable and progressive Yemen. This conference places actual civilians into subcommittees much like the United Nations, to produce resolutions and ideas as to how the Republic of Yemen can move forward in fostering a productive state for their people. It is essential that this public forum is maintained so as to continue the consideration of real citizens solutions, and to foster a peaceful relationship between the government and its citizens. Whatever solution that our committee finds must include the protection and/or expansion of these forums.
    The United Nations Security Council resolution 2216, is an excellent document in the stride towards peace in this region. Cuba would specifically like to draw attention to and build upon the idea of consenting parties, which is mentioned in the first operative clause of 2216. It is pertinent that all factions of this conflict are consensual to whatever solutions may be found so as to foster unification. This task is easier said than done, but it will not be accomplished under the current circumstances of continued violence from rebel factions, supporting states and other groups who choose to take up arms in this conflict. More violence will not do anything to control or make reparations to this issue, nor will it relieve the millions of civilians suffering through the breakdown of social order in Yemen.
    It is the sincere hope of the delegation of Cuba, that this committee will be able to work cohesively and productively to create a solution that will account for all parties privy to this conflict. We want nothing more than to see the nation of Yemen restored to normalcy and unity.

    Sources:

    “Security Council Demands End to Yemen Violence, Adopting Resolution 2216 (2015), with Russian Federation Abstaining | Meetings Coverage and Press Releases.” United Nations, United Nations, 14 Apr. 2015, http://www.un.org/press/en/2015/sc11859.doc.htm.

    Schmitz, Charles. “Yemen’s National Dialogue.” Middle East Institute, Mei.edu, 10 Mar. 2014, http://www.mei.edu/content/yemens-national-dialogue

    The Soufan Group. “TSG IntelBrief: A Wider War in Yemen.” Ciaonet.org, Columbia International Affairs Online,
    https://ciaonet.org/record/33810?search=1

  • Egypt
    Egypt November 15, 2017 Reply

    Special Political and Decolonization Committee (SPECPOL)
    The Situation in Yemen
    The Arab Republic of Egypt
    Maya Radhakrishnan

    Egypt has long been a champion of Yemen, from the 1960s, when we aided the Free Yemen Movement to our most recent actions where Egypt offered 40,000 troops to support the efforts to preserve the democratic government against terrorism and insurgency. Egypt will continue to work to end terrorism in Yemen by providing said troops; we have recently extended the terms of military involvement in Yemen to one year. Egypt will also continue to participate and support the Saudi Arabian-led coalition for Yemeni intervention. Egypt believes that the terrorism and violence must end before peace talks can begin.

    Egypt has also shown its commitment to the plight of the people in Yemen by sending humanitarian aid and hosting conferences on the topic. Egypt believes that the situation in Yemen is the foremost humanitarian crisis in the world, and the committee should devote time not only to ending the war in the region but also providing basic needs to the people living there. Egypt is already expending many resources to support Yemen and would request that other countries step up and contribute to end malnutrition, famine, disease, and lack of clean drinking water. Egypt believes that it is the responsibility of the international community to intervene and end this crisis.

    In closing, Egypt cites the words of our honourable president, Abdel Fattah el-Sisi, “A unified, capable and just modem nation-state is the only way to overcome the current crises, and to realize the legitimate aspirations of Arab peoples.” Egypt believes that the international community must work to end any violence in the Yemen, and then, the rest will follow.

    Works Cited

    Aboulenein, Ahmed, and Lin Noueihed. “Egypt to Host Yemen Aid Conference in March: Minister.” Edited by Alison Williams , Reuters, Thomson Reuters, 6 Sept. 2016, http://www.reuters.com/article/us-yemen-war-conference/egypt-to-host-yemen-aid-conference-in-march-minister-idUSKCN11C225.

    Aboulenein, Ahmed. “Egypt Extends Participation in Yemen Conflict.” Reuters, Thomson Reuters, 22 Jan. 2017, http://www.reuters.com/article/us-yemen-security-egypt/egypt-extends-participation-in-yemen-conflict-idUSKBN1560RS.

    “Egypt | General Assembly of the United Nations.” United Nations, United Nations, gadebate.un.org/en/72/egypt.

    “Egyptian President Sisi Sends Humanitarian Aid to Yemen.” Ahram Online, 6 Aug. 2015, english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/1/64/137095/Egypt/Politics-/Egyptian-president-Sisi-sends-humanitarian-aid-to-.aspx.

    “Egypt’s Sisi Offered Riyadh 40,000 Soldiers for Yemen War.” The New Arab, The New Arab, 17 Apr. 2017, http://www.alaraby.co.uk/english/news/2017/4/17/egypts-sisi-offered-riyadh-40-000-soldiers-for-yemen-war.

    Ferris, Jesse. “Egypt’s Vietnam.” Foreign Policy, Foreign Policy, 3 Apr. 2015, foreignpolicy.com/2015/04/03/egypts-vietnam-yemen-nasser-sisi/.

    “Russia and Egypt Called for an End to Bloodshed in Yemen.” Frontnews.eu, 21 Aug. 2017, frontnews.eu/news/en/11222/Russia-and-Egypt-called-for-an-end-to-bloodshed-in-Yemen.

    Schuster, Kathleen. “Yemen’s War Explained in 4 Key Points | Middle East | DW | 11.08.2017.” DW.COM, 11 Aug. 2017, http://www.dw.com/en/yemens-war-explained-in-4-key-points/a-40056866.

    “Statement by the President of the Arab Republic of Egypt Before the 70th Session on the General
    Assembly At the United Nations – Embassy of Egypt, Washington DC.” Embassy of Egypt,
    Washington DC, Embassy of Egypt, Washington DC, http://www.egyptembassy.net/news/news/statement-by-the-president-of-the-arab-republic-of-egypt-before-the-70th-session-on-the-general-assembly-at-the-united-nations/.

    Tharoor, Ishaan. “How Yemen Was Once Egypt’s Vietnam.” The Washington Post, WP Company, 28 Mar. 2015, http://www.washingtonpost.com/news/worldviews/wp/2015/03/28/how-yemen-was-once-egypts-vietnam/?utm_term=.e6527bd2ec5c.

  • AbbyVan
    AbbyVan November 15, 2017 Reply

    Special Political and Decolonization Committee
    The Situation in Yemen
    Tajikistan
    Abigail VanHaitsma
    Royal Oak High School

    It is clear that with any change in political leadership, turmoil and disagreement can arise quite easily. Unfortunately, that is the case in Yemen, although the country itself isn’t the sole cause of all the issues that have been taking place. Other countries have been having an influence over some of the events that have been taking place. Sadly, the victims of these events are the citizens of Yemen, who are barely making ends meet anymore.

    Although these events don’t have a direct impact on Tajikistan, that doesn’t mean that we can’t help solve the problem. Some of the things we believe need to be considered by this delegation are issues of resource supply and solutions. We would call for careful consideration over these topics, and ones similar to them:

    1. Which countries can help provide food and other resources to the citizens while Yemen is
    getting back on its feet?
    2. What are potential long-term solutions to the political aspects?
    3. How can control be brought back over the Houthis region?
    4. Does a change need to be made to the political leadership in Yemen?

    Tajikistan would like to offer some of our services to try and regain control over the Houthis, however, we cannot do it alone, and would look favorably upon other countries to aid us in this effort as well. We would also like larger countries that we know have the resources, like the United States or China, to help aid Yemen either monetarily or with resources, like food.

    In a resolution, we would like to look first at dealing with the famine and economical problems as they exist now, and see what countries can help deal with which aspects, instead of trying to solve the whole political issue. We believe that this would be a good first goal, as with all the resources between all United Nations countries, we believe we can obtain this goal, and really help to eradicate some of the issues currently burdening Yemen and its citizens.

  • Ckuntzman17
    Ckuntzman17 November 15, 2017 Reply

    Special Political Committee
    The Situation in Yemen
    Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia
    Caroline Kuntzman

    The situation in Yemen is of great concern to the international community, due to the great political turmoil and humanitarian need it has created. The struggle began with longterm authoritarian, Ali Abdullah Saleh, relinquishing power to Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi. In September 2014, Houthi rebels entered Yemen’s capital and in 2015, President Hadi was forced to flee the country. Fighting has gone on between Houthi and Hadi supporters since and shows no sign of stopping. Terrorist organizations such as al-Qaeda and the ‘Islamic State’ (Da’esh) have used the situation to seize territory, further complicating the situation. The UN has organized three unsuccessful peace talks between Houthi and Hadi representatives to date.

    Since 2015, the death toll is believed to be over 8,600 and over 49,000 are injured. 180,000 Yemenis have fled the country. For those still in Yemen, 2 million are internally displaced, 14.4 million lack access to safe drinking water and sanitation and 17 million are classified as food insecure, including 3.3 million children and pregnant/breastfeeding women. UN relief programs such as the World Food Program, are attempting to assist civilians in receiving lifesaving supplies, however the quantity of those in need is alarming. Furthermore, with a recent blockade on Yemen’s ports by Saudi Arabia, getting aid to Yemen’s civilians has become virtually impossible, creating a high risk of the millions of aid dependent civilians starving.

    Ethiopia sympathizes with Yemen’s struggle as they had a 6 month state of emergency due to violent protests in 2016. They declined help from the UN as it was nothing they could not handle, but believes the situation in Yemen should be handled very differently as, unlike in Ethiopia, where the government was still in power, the Hadi administration lacks control over a significant portion of the country and the intensity of the violence is far greater in Yemen.

    Ethiopia and Yemen have been in contact since ancient times and Ethiopia wish to see Yemen’s rightful government restored to power, but lacks the economic strength or military to help the civilians or Hadi supporters. They would like to encourage the UN to host more peace talks between the Houthi rebels and Hadi supporters and urge countries intending to get involved to consider the full consequences of their plans before doing so, especially how it will impact the millions of aid dependent civilians. Ethiopia recommends that Security Council strongly consider sending UN peacekeepers. They further recommend that wealthy countries consider sending additional funding to programs such as the World Food Program. Ethiopia supports strong counter terrorism laws and UN resolution 2216, both of which will be key to reestablishing order in Yemen.

  • Connorholladay
    Connorholladay November 15, 2017 Reply

    Special Political and Decolonization Committee
    The Situation in Yemen
    Republic of Panama
    Connor Holladay

    The situation in Yemen is an all-out civil war between the Houthi movement supporters and Saudi Arabia backed coalition President Hadi supporters. The situation escalated into all-out war in 2015 when the new president was struggling. The Houthi movement took advantage of the situation by taking control of the Saada province. The war has caused many problems for the innocent citizens of Yemen. Food and water are scarce due to the war and many refugees are without a place to call home. The civil war has also attracted the attention of some terrorist organizations such as Al Qaeda. Panama is on the Saudi side of things. Panama feels as if that the original elected government of Yemen needs to be reestablished along with Saudi Arabia and the United States. 18 million people have been affected by the civil war in Yemen and that number is still growing. 7600 people have been killed and 42000 others have been injured since 2015. The civil war has displaced 2.5 million Yemenis. Yemeni refugees have been going to a lot of places. They have gone to Djibouti, Somalia, Sudan, and Ethiopia in Africa. They have also gone to Oman and Saudi Arabia in the Middle East. Panama along with all the other UN member states could eventually get the refugees back to Yemen. It would take a lot of time, money, and people. It would also take a lot of international cooperation and effort to get all the refugees back home to Yemen.

  • avatar image
    Malana Chan November 15, 2017 Reply

    Committee: Special Political and Decolonization
    Country: China
    Topic: The Situation in Yemen

    The Republic of China views the situation in Yemen as a humanitarian disaster in today’s society. In the past few years, more than 7,600 people have been murdered and 70% of the population seeks aid. This problem stems from the corruption, food insecurity, and unemployment which started when leadership power was handed over to Mr. Hadi, the former President’s deputy. The Houthis attempted to take control of the northern Saada province and surrounding areas while Saudi Arabia and other Sunni Arab states seek to restore Mr. Hadi’s government. As a result, civilians are malnourished, internationally displaced, and the number of casualties has increased. The Republic of China understands that resolving the Yemen crisis by providing aid needs to occur.

    Furthermore, this issue has come to the attention of China because of the conflicts that involve food shortages and political stability. According to the World Health Organization, suspected cases of cholera holds a death toll at 2,134. On July 13, 2017, China provided Yemen’s southern port city of Aden $22.5 million in supplies aimed to help food shortages and battle the cholera epidemic. Moreover, China urges for political stability in Yemen. Currently, the nation depends on the Middle East for oil. Enabling China to exchange oil across Yemen’s maritime straights would strengthen Yemen’s political stability. As a result, political stability would be sustained and it would promote trade in West Asian countries. Also, this would also help China broaden its One Belt One Road initiative and provide safety to citizens.

    China wants to create a peaceful solution to achieve peace in Yemen. Because this issue can have a large impact on many countries, the Republic of China wants to ensure that a solution can be resolved. China strongly believes that the Yemen crisis should be resolved through political dialogue rather than military action. Therefore, the nation feels that countries should invite Houthis to discuss this issue in order to resolve the conflict. Additionally, since China has evacuated foreign citizens from the southern port of Aden and provided supplies, China urges other nations to take these actions along with improving political stability through trade and the One Belt One Road Initiative. All in all, the Republic of China feels that discussing these issues in a peaceful manner can help resolve this crisis.

  • FedericaMiriani
    FedericaMiriani November 15, 2017 Reply

    Yemen is experiencing a war between the president forces and rebels forces that is affecting the people of the country. The destruction of civilian infrastructure, the restriction of food and the presence of terrorist organizations is devastating Yemen’s population. The urgency of these people outweighs any other current situation; we need to help Yemen’s people.
    The nation of Chad believes the presence of terrorism organizations should be eradicated from Yemen’s territory to restore the peace. Terrorism organizations are being financed mainly through the sale of oil, the main reason why Yemen is a strategic place. Should we ask ourselves who is buying the oil? Who is financing the murder of thousand of innocent people? Countries that support terrorist organizations are also guilty of the murder of the innocent people of Yemen. We should establish measures to condemn this illegal activities. All these questions should be addressed by the committee to raise awareness of the causes of this humanitarian crisis.
    We support the Resolution 2216 and the Resolution 2201. Both of them establishes the necessity of an agreement between Houthi and Hadi forces to reach a pacific deal which would favor the people of Yemen. Furthermore as the Chad representative said “The Security Council must send strong and firm message to all parties, notably the Houthis, to immediately stop the violence and comply with the transition process, he stated, adding that it was unacceptable for an armed militia to use violence to jeopardize the constitutional order. All parties were obliged to comply with international humanitarian law and to not target civilian infrastructure.” Houthis have systematically ignored this Resolutions by intensifying the their military actions, threatening the country’s and region’s security. All nations should be supporting the fight to reach a peaceful agreement between the two forces that are now disputing for Yemen’s power. Furthermore, Saudi Arabia together with the exiled president, they have been stealing oil from Yemen’s territory. Right now Yemen’s population is being forgotten. The greed of countries and terrorist organizations for exploiting the natural resources of Yemen for their benefit is murdering thousand of innocent people. We should discuss today the way of helping Yemen’s people who are the real victims of this inadmissible conflict.
    As a nation that believes in a democratic system we expressed our hopes that this conflict reach an end by diplomatic channels.

  • Gmanv2012
    Gmanv2012 November 15, 2017 Reply

    Special Political and Decolonization Committee
    The Situation in Yemen
    The Republic of Indonesia
    Gaurang Vaidya

    The situation in Yemen is one of the world’s largest humanitarian crisis it has caused fifty thousand casualties since 2015 when the war broke out. The conflict started when the Houthi Shiite rebels took control over Sanaa, Yemen’s capital and the President of Yemen passed his power Abdul-Malik al-Houthi who is currently the leader of the Houthi political movement. The Houthi Shiite rebels are currently fighting the Yemeni government who is Sunni. The Houthi rebels are backed by Iran, while the Yemeni government is backed by Saudi Arabia, other Sunni majority countries, and allies of Saudi Arabia, including the United States, France, and the United Kingdom. This proxy war between Iran and Saudi Arabia in Yemen has caused devastating effects to the people of Yemen. Both parties fighting the war have not followed the Laws of Armed Conflict (LOAC) which has caused the high death and casualty rates of civilians. The civilians in Yemen are in dire need of the necessities of life such as clean water, food, and basic vaccinations that prevent deadly diseases. Although UNICEF has tried to send humanitarian aid to Yemen, it has been blocked by the Saudi blockade. In addition to the blockade, Saudi air strikes have caused damages Yemeni seaports through which the aid is sent. It has become increasingly difficult for UNICEF provide aid to those in need. The Special Political and Decolonization Committee must determine how to deposit the humanitarian aid while also negotiating peace with both Sunni and Shiite sides to cease the war and rebuild Yemen. These efforts in Yemen can also be put towards the whole region of the Middle East in reducing its conflicts and creating peace among the long fought over territory.
    As a country with close relations with Saudi Arabia, Iran, and Yemen The Republic of Indonesia sees the war through a moderate view. As a part of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC), The Republic of Indonesia has worked with both Saudi Arabia, Iran, and Yemen in the past to make agreements and cooperations to better the people of all countries. The Republic of Indonesia believes that the Houthi rebels should follow Security Council Resolution 2216 which calls for the withdrawal from all areas seized during the latest conflict and cease all actions falling exclusively within the authority of the legitimate Government of Yemen and fully implement previous Council resolutions. However, the Saudi government should also stop its attacks on Yemen, for it to redevelop and allow for UNICEF to treat those in need. The Republic of Indonesia would mediate in this conflict; however, we are uncomfortable at this time because the government of Indonesia is apprehensive. The Republic of Indonesia is currently seeking assistance for the UN to help carry out this mediation in Yemen.

    The Republic of Indonesia proposes to the United Nations that Saudi led airstrikes and other attacks on hospitals, seaports, and civilian areas stop immediately. It has lead to thousands of people die of preventable diseases and other illnesses. The Republic of Indonesia believes that if both sides halt attacks and surrendered their weapons, it will allow UN troops to mediate the conflict at hand. Also, the blockade around Yemen by the Saudis has caused a tremendous famine and has made it near impossible for UN troops to aid Yemenis who are in need. It is crucial the Special Political and Decolonization committee stand with the people of Yemen and help those who are in need. The Republic of Indonesia believes that it is vital for both Saudi Arabia and Iran to stop this fight and to resolve their difference and look toward peace over Yemen and the entire region of the Middle East.

  • Clairebenedict
    Clairebenedict November 15, 2017 Reply

    Special Political and Decolonization Committee
    The Situation in Yemen
    Australia
    Claire Benedict

    The situation in Yemen is one of the worst humanitarian disasters facing our world today. A civil war between the Yemen’s government, backed by Saudi Arabia, and the Shia-based Houthi movement, rumored to be backed by Iran, has ravaged the already vulnerable Yemeni population. The conflict started with an Arab Spring movement in 2011 and was sparked by a transition of power, mediated by Saudi Arabia under the pretext of the Gulf Cooperation Council, from Ali Abdullah Saleh to Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi. This catalyst produced more turmoil between the factions and the situation gradually fell into outright civil war. This situation has greatly exasperated the needs of an already vulnerable population. Now, over 20 million Yemenis are in need of humanitarian assistance, 13.6 million are in need urgent assistance, and 7 million are severely food insecure. Recently, a Cholera outbreak has ravaged the dilapidated health care system and devastated infrastructure of Yemen reaching a suspected 900,000 cases. Additionally, this month, Saudi Arabia has tightened its blockade of Yemen, preventing aid agencies from landing planes in the country and docking at Yemen’s ports. Prior to the escalation of the conflict, over 90 percent of Yemen’s staple foods were imported. With the blockade, Yemen will descend further into famine, possibly being the worst in many decades. This is extremely concerning to Australia primarily as a humanitarian disaster, but also an economic liability, as we sustain a trade balance of around $385 million with Yemen. These atrocious conditions must be swiftly alleviated and dealt with by this committee in order to preserve life, infrastructure, and capital in Yemen.

    Australia, having just been appointed to the UNHRC on October 17th, has an even greater role in reconstructing peace in Yemen. Concerning policy, in 2015, Australia welcomed the adoption of UN Security Council Resolution 2201 and its demand for the Houthis to engage in the UN-brokered negotiations. Additionally, Australia’s foreign affairs minister, Julie Bishop, joined UN secretary general Ban Ki-moon in calling for “armed groups to show restraint” and “the Houthis to return to the negotiating table … in support of Yemen’s long-term stability.” Though no ceasefire has been successful, an end to the fighting is the only way to alleviate the dire humanitarian conditions in Yemen. Australia also fully implemented Resolution 2216, adopted by the UNSC, which imposed an arms embargo in order to prevent the direct or indirect supply, sale, or transfer of arms to Yemen. Australia is providing a special package of $10 million to enable humanitarian agencies in Yemen to deliver food to people in need and to combat cholera, including by supporting 30,000 people to access clean water. This will bring our humanitarian funding for the crisis in Yemen to $20 million in 2017. This is in addition to our funding for the UN Central Emergency Response Fund, which totaled over $33 million in the last three years. Australia will continue to work with other donors, countries in the region, and humanitarian partners to provide aid to the most vulnerable people.

    The international community has the responsibility to increase aid, media coverage in order to increase awareness and donations, and effort towards a negotiated settlement. Political dialogue is the ultimate solution to the current crisis and an agreement to end the war is urgently needed so that a new Yemeni government, supported by the international community, can be formed and begin the process of rebuilding its infrastructure and economy. The warring parties escalating the conflict in Yemen, both internally and externally, need to return to negotiations towards a permanent solution to the conflict and allow humanitarian agencies to access populations in need. If they do not do so, the fissures in Yemen’s political and social fabric will only become wider, thereby increasing the danger of further fragmentation and with it the potential for terrorism. If the Houthi military and Hadi’s forces negotiate an end to the civil war, a unified government would be more effective in combating the growing presence of Al-Qaeda and IS in Yemen. In order to take steps towards peace, we must separate the conflict in Yemen from the larger, regional conflict between Iran and Saudi Arabia. Australia believes that the humanitarian crisis, caused by the civil war between the Yemeni Government and the Houthi rebels, should be addressed before any other adjacent regional conflicts. If nothing changes, future Yemeni generations will bear the burden of this conflict — including the massive destruction, malnutrition, lack of education, and economic deterioration it has caused.

  • Spencer_B
    Spencer_B November 15, 2017 Reply

    The Special Political and Decolonization Committee
    The Situation in Yemen
    The Russian Federation

    The situation in Yemen is a humanitarian crisis that is one of the most terrifying the world has ever seen. With famine and disease ravaging millions of people within the country, the conflict has been regarded as one of the worst humanitarian travesties that the world has ever seen. Constant conflict from domestic and international players have turned Yemen into a zone with constant violence with chaos destroying the previous form of order. Houthi rebels in the region have been fighting against the established Yemenis government for years and the violence has only increased. Because of this rebellion, numerous states have involved themselves in the crisis, further entangling the situation and only creating more violence. The violence has also continued to spread outside of Yemen with Houthi rebels launching a missile towards the Saudi capital of Riyadh recently in early November of this year. The search for peace has sadly been overshadowed by the constant need for immediate humanitarian aid and more and more elaborate tactics all aimed to cause more disruption.

    Russia, along with other nations, understands that the crisis in Yemen has also created a divisive environment within the Middle East, further spreading the divides between countries and cultures and creating even more conflict between the leaders of the region. In order to progress the goal of a peaceful middle east, the world must unite together to end the violence in Yemen in order to deliver impactful humanitarian aid, and must also restore the Yemenis government in order to provide a stable country for the Yemenis people.

    Russia also has numerous allies in the region such as Syria, which is openly supported by the Houthi rebels largely due to their Shia majority, Iran, who is regarded to be a main funder of the rebels, and Saudi Arabia, who has also taken a major lead to unite world powers to support the previous Yemenis government. Russia believes that our relations with Syria, Iran, and Saudi Arabia allow us a unique position in this crisis where we would like to act as a common friend and mediator between all forces involved. Russia would like to work together with these countries and others in order to create a stable set of plans that all of the states can agree on.

    Russia believes that the committee must set clear plans to begin cease-fire negotiations that will prevent further violence in the region along with a plan for sending the necessary humanitarian aid. After this, Russia would like to plan further ahead to bring order back to the Yemenis government and remove the remaining terrorist organizations from the region.

    Firstly, the committee must be to create stable plans to negotiate a cease-fire agreement between all parties involved in this conflict. This must be done in order to deliver the necessary humanitarian aid and to also create a safer environment that can lead to the reestablishment of the Yemenis government. Russia believes that the United Nations and willing countries should begin to facilitate peace talks between the Houthi rebels and the Yemenis Government with the cooperation of Iran and the Saudi led coalition. The ceasefire will include, but not be limited too, an agreement that the Saudi led coalition will end their air and sea blockade in the region in order to allow United Nations facilitated aid to be transported to those in need. This includes allowing access to previously closed airports and shipping docks. Along with the removal of blockades, all military action in the region must be halted in order to ensure the peaceful transportation of basic goods. This includes the immediate end to all missile attacks from the Saudi led coalition and Houthi forces, along with the immediate halt to all military action on the ground by the Houthi rebels and the Yemenis military. The humanitarian aid will be supplied by a United Nation let effort with assistance from non-government organizations such as the Red Cross. Along with this, Russia believes it could be beneficial to request United Nations Peace Keeper Assistance from the Security Council in order to ensure that terrorist groups in the region, such as Al-Qaeda and the Islamic State of Iraq and Levant, to not try to prevent aid from reaching those in need.

    Secondly, once a ceasefire is negotiated and implemented, Russia believes that the current governmental system within Yemen must be restored to its former state in order to restabilize the country and establish a governmental order with the goal of providing a sound governmental structure for the terrorized Yemenis people. However, the government must be restored through United Nations mediated talks based on a broad consensus between all main Yemen political forces and not through a bias negotiation process that will cause further distrust between all parties. The main goal of reestablishing the government must be to prevent the conflict from arising again.

    Thirdly, once these goals are achieved, Russia believes there should be an immediate assessment of the status of terrorism in the region in order to suppress the remaining terrorist organizations within Yemen. This step must only be taken after the Yemenis government has been restored to a state of mutual satisfaction, but this issue should be listed to be evaluated by the committee at a later time.

    All other efforts such as United Nations Investigation must only be discussed after the Yemenis Government is restored and the humanitarian crisis is resolved to its fullest potential. To hastily create an investigation during this committee’s session could put United Nations workers at risk and potentially quell all efforts to find a peaceful agreement. Russia recommends that this topic not be discussed at in fear of losing support from major entities within this conflict.

    Russia looks forward to working with friends and allies to create a solid set of plans that will lead to a process of peace.

  • Vaishk
    Vaishk November 15, 2017 Reply

    Special Political and Decolonization Committee
    The Situation in Yemen
    Afghanistan
    Vaishnavi Krishnan

    The rivalry between Saudi Arabia and Iran for influence in the area, along with the Arab Spring uprisings, have triggered tensions between different groups in Yemen, causing the eruption of a civil war. After Arab Spring protests allowed for the development of Iranian-backed al-Houthi rebel movement, the Yemeni government was further weakened by intra-governmental antagonism. Concerned about Iranian influence in Yemen, Saudi Arabia attempted to negotiate an agreement between the factions on behalf of the Gulf Cooperation Council. The agreement required the removal of President Saleh, and after intense objection, he finally agreed to be replaced by Vice President Hadi. Hadi’s intense reorganization of the government caused confusion, allowing for a unification of the al-Houthi movement and al-Qaeda to gain greater control. United Nations Security Council Resolution 2216 demanded that the Houthis relinquish all arms and territory, and placed an arms embargo on pro-Houthi and pro-Saleh forces. The other issue that Yemen is confronted with is the humanitarian crisis as a result of the turmoil and disorder. Fragmented into many factions, Yemen is unable to provide for its people. According to the UNOCHA, 20.7 million Yemenis are in need of some kind of assistance, 17 million are food insecure, 15.7 million have trouble accessing safe water, 10.4 million lack basic access to healthcare, and 4.5 million are in need of emergency shelter or essential household items. Therefore, Afghanistan believes that the United Nations must urgently address the humanitarian crisis while also assisting in the negotiation between the parties in conflict.

    Similar to the issues that Yemen currently faces, Afghanistan has previously faced many issues due to unstable governments and insurgencies. In 1973, a non-violent coup lead by Daoud Khan abolished the monarchy and transformed Afghanistan into a republic. Unfortunately, the new constitution failed to alleviate political tension, and in 1978, a violent military coup replaced the government with communism under the illusion of democracy. Unpopularity with the new government’s secular agenda and dependence on the Soviet Union lead to widespread unrest among the Afghani people, and the Soviets responded by intervention and occupation of Afghanistan until 1989. The communist regime collapsed three years later, and a new Islamic State of Afghanistan was created. Again, instability in the government led its downfall and in 1995, Afghanistan began to succumb to Taliban authority. After half a decade of turmoil and international assistance, the Taliban government collapsed and allowed for the new, current government to be formed. As a result of this first-hand experience with insurgency, comprehension of how insurgency devastates a nation, and belief that insurgencies cannot support a stable government, Afghanistan does not support the plight of Houthi rebels al-Qaeda militancy and wishes to restore the government in a stable manner.

    The issue of utmost importance that the United Nations must address is the humanitarian crisis affecting the Yemeni people. First, Afghanistan recommends that the United Nations exerts pressure on the parties in conflict to negotiate a ceasefire so that it is easier to deal with the crisis, especially starvation and disease. Nations with the ability to contribute necessary supplies to those affected must do so as quickly as possible. Next, the United Nations must deploy a peacekeeping mission to ensure that the agreements of the ceasefire are maintained and that further harm is not directed at the Yemeni people. Finally, the involved parties must negotiate a long-term peace agreement that ensures safety for the Yemeni people and prevents future insurgencies. Stability of the government in Yemen is crucial for the nation to progress past turmoil and peacefully support future generations.

  • Oliviacarpenter
    Oliviacarpenter November 15, 2017 Reply

    Czech Republic
    Special Political Committee
    The Situation in Yemen
    Olivia Carpenter

    The three year humanitarian and political crisis occurring in one of the Middle East’s poorest countries, Yemen, is still fully active and worsening. Described as the world’s largest humanitarian crisis, the majority of the population is lacking food and the country is experiencing the worst outbreak of cholera in centuries. Thousands are being killed and injured in the wake of Saudi Arabia-led multinational coalitions backed by the president of Yemen. With no solution in sight, the divided country of the Hadi government and pro-Saleh forces continue to victimize citizens and to destroy any civilian infrastructure. Due to this extensive crisis, the United Nations must continue to work with the government of Yemen to end this political and humanitarian crisis.

    Despite Yemen’s and the Czech Republic’s extensive differences, the Czech Republic is fully willing and able to provide any relief in this situation. Czech Republic claims that the 80 percent of Yemen’s inhabitants without humanitarian aid might become a significant recruitment potential for international terrorist groups unless they receive international aid. Foreign humanitarian aid is an integral part of Czech Republic’s foreign policy, and the Czech Government Budget will provide any assistance to Yemen.

    To resolve this interminable crisis across all boards in Yemen, the United Nations Special Political Committee, including Czech Republic must continue to collaborate and to provide any aid to the citizens of Yemen. To resolve the political portion of the crisis, the Special Political Committee needs to attempt to withdraw the rebels from all areas they control and lay down their arms. Without a resolution, the attacks could appear in all areas of the world resulting from the instability of the country. The United Nations Special Political Committee must put an end to this crisis.

  • Cdzubak044
    Cdzubak044 November 15, 2017 Reply

    Special Political and Decolonization Committee
    The Situation in Yemen
    Mexico

    The situation in Yemen is a humanitarian disaster and needs a resolution as quickly as possible. In recent years, near 7,600 have been killed, and that number doesn’t seem to be stopping soon. The Houthis have taken control of parts of Yemen, including Sana’a. The poverty rate is below 50%, and it can be estimated that 4 of every 5 civilians are in need of aid. Over 14 million in Yemen lack the healthcare they need to cover any injuries they have been given during this civil war.

    Mexico would like to see a peaceful resolution that puts forth a new leader who can continue to work with other world powers such as Mexico, Saudi Arabia, America, and China. Mexico would like to see little violence in the solution, and have high hopes that the SPECPOL committee will be able to find a peaceful solution.

    Despite recent speculations on our stance with America, it can be speculated for now that we will follow America in our decision. While we are backing Saudi Arabia as well, we believe that the military presence should be decreased by a heavy amount.

    In the end, it will be hard to come up with a mutually beneficial plan that benefits all parties involved. Yemen has suffered far enough, and Mexico fears that only more suffering will be brought upon them if SPECPOL cannot agree upon a solution. While Mexico has its hopes, we understand that debate will be tough and that a resolution will be difficult to pass.

  • avatar image
    Nicholas Hare November 15, 2017 Reply

    Special Political and Decolonization Committee
    The Situation in Yemen
    The Federal Republic of Nigeria
    Nicholas Hare

    It is clearly evident to determine the situation in Yemen and that the country needs international support. With multiple factions within the country and no clear government, the Yemenis people needs are suffering from a major famine. According to the Famine Early Warning Systems Network, “Yemen is the largest food emergency in the world. Food is so scarce that 14.1 million people don’t have enough to eat, and 7 million are at risk of famine, meaning they could die of starvation.” With 27.58 million people living in Yemen, that means 51.1% of people living in Yemen do not even have enough to eat. Imagine half of your country not getting enough to eat.

    The Proxy War needs to stop between Iran and Saudi Arabia. Millions are dying senselessly just because two countries are having moral conflicts with each other and it is unacceptable. Nigeria believes both parties need to end this senseless war and leave the country of Yemen alone and withdraw their Militaries. The Saudi Arabian forces need to back down from the capital and the Iran forces need to draw back from the sea. That being said, terrorist organizations within the country also need to be properly dealt with using UN Militia before they grow to be an ISIS level threat.

    The solution to this problem is UN intervention to create a ceasefire within the country so they can establish a clear form of government and receive food and aid to the millions of desperate people. The government needs to be elected fairly so it does not support either Saudi Arabia or Iran. Once the government is established it needs to take control of their citizens and stop with senseless war and famine.

    Yemen is a suffering country and needs the help of the UN. With over 3.3 millions children and pregnant women suffering from malnutrition, now it the time to act. The lives of so many lay on the line.

  • Ajhawks10
    Ajhawks10 November 15, 2017 Reply

    Special Political and Decolonization Committee
    The situation in Yemen
    Bolivia
    Andrew Jackson Lehman

    It’s very easy to see that there is a crisis occurring in Yemen going back to January 27th 2011. It all started with the 2011 political revolt surprisingly at the same time as the Egyptian revolt, the Yemeni revolt happened because protesters wanted to see their current president Ali Abdullah Saleh removed. Yemen’s President Ali Abdullah Saleh was the fourth Arab leader to be forced from power. But going back in time, Yemen had only been unified since 1990, and deep divisions persisted between the North and South. But the most recent revolt had multiple causes not limited to unemployment, corruption and poor economic conditions. There is a large current displacement and war torn citizens wandering the country and not to mention the rapid growth and outbreak of cholera that has affected at least 800,000 people in Yemen. As of October 10 2017, at least 4,125 civilians had been killed and 7,207 wounded since the start of the campaign one third of them being children, the majority by coalition airstrikes, according to the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights. As well as 2 million Yemeni’s being internally displaced.
    Bolivia would like to see the powerhouse countries of this world need to help Yemen rebuild their own infrastructure. The conflict in Yemen was aggravated by a lack of access to water and health care in Bolivia. Bolivia is known to have an open door policy like it had during world war two and after , When everyone said no Bolivia said yes.”(Oscar-winning Uruguayan folk-rock musician Jorge Drexler ). Bolivia cannot provide any financial aid at the moment, as we are recipients of aid from generous European nations. So of course Bolivia would be able to take on a small number of refugees. But Bolivia really wants to see Yemen regain its’ independent status again with the help of foreign aid from power countries.
    To resolve this crisis the United Nations needs to come together and prepare a proper resolution to deal with the situation in Yemen. Dealing with the situation in Yemen, Bolivia would like to see foreign aid literally dumped upon Yemen’s economy. Bolivia would also be honored to receive a few thousand refugees and integrate them into our population. All parties must comply with the UN if this crisis needs to be resolved.

  • AndrewJudge
    AndrewJudge November 15, 2017 Reply

    Special Political and Decolonization Committee
    The Situation in Yemen
    State of Israel
    Andrew Judge

    The Middle East has become a breeding ground for secular conflict and proxy war. The United States, Russia, Iran, and Saudi Arabia are the major players in these conflicts, and the entire region revolves around these powerful countries and their struggle for influence and strength. The current Yemeni conflict is centered between Saudi Arabia and Iran. The Arab state of Saudi Arabia is the political, cultural, and economic epicenter of the Sunni sect of Islam. Most of the gulf states that surround Saudi Arabia adhere to this form of Islam as well, and Saudi Arabia works militaristically to ensure that its influence in the region stays strong. The Persian state of Iran has the world’s largest population of Shia Muslims. As they are much smaller than the Sunni sect, Iran provides economic and militaristic aid to militias and countries that support this form of Islam and is also constantly engaging in proxy conflict with its biggest regional competitor, Saudi Arabia. The conflict in Yemen stems from the fact that the Shiite Houthi Rebels toppled the Sunni led and internationally recognized government after they stormed Sanaa and took control of a population disillusioned by years of corruption and fear brought upon by Ali Abdullah Saleh, the former dictator. The Houthis are an illegitimate and dangerous rebel group that must be condemned by the international community, as order must be returned to the country to insure a peaceful resolution.

    Although Israel has strained relations with Saudi Arabia, we firmly believe that the root of this problem revolves around the belligerent practices that Iran is using in an effort to exert its influence and obtain Shia control of the region. Iran is supporting the rebel groups with weapons and economic aid, allowing the Houthis to take control of the western side of the country. A mass crisis is occurring with many civilian deaths taking place. Although many countries would say that Saudi Arabia is responsible for these deaths, Israel believes that the Iranian-led rebels are to blame, due to the infestation of Houthi troops in largely populated urban areas. The coalition that supports the legitimate leader of yemen, Abdrabbuh Hadi, includes other Sunni Arab states who conduct airstrikes; as well as western countries like the US, UK, and France who provide logistical support. The State of Israel suggests that in order to limit these civilian casualties and end the Saudi blockade, the international community must put an end to the nefarious actions and militaristic attitudes of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard.

    Israel wants to work on starting a new, official diplomatic channel with the House of Saud. We feel as though the anti-corruption scourge of the Crown Prince, and his efforts to modernize and advance his country to a new era will help the region out greatly, and our nation would like to progress with him as well. Israel pleads the world to condemn Iran, and the Houthi rebellion that has taken so many lives. The state of Israel would like to see that the Yemeni conflict is resolved by Saudi Arabia and Saudi Arabia alone. We would like a resolution to make sure all other foreign players are barred from the region, and in doing this, the world should see a quick and effective end to the problem. The poverty and corruption that plagues the middle east must not be allowed to impact the Arabian Peninsula, and the severity of the Iranian incursion on Saudi Sovereignty cannot be tolerated by the international community.

  • avatar image
    Jordan Lilly November 15, 2017 Reply

    Special Political and Decolonization Committee
    The Situation in Yemen
    The Federal Republic of Germany
    Jordan Lilly

    The struggle to create a solidified governmental structure in Yemen is a struggle seen all around the world. In Yemen, though, this struggle is essentially the root cause of one of the worst humanitarian crises the United Nations has ever had to address. The introduction of President Hadi after President Saleh’s resignation caused mass confusion due to Hadi’s intense political restructuring. This created an opportunity for a strong rebel force, the al Houthis, to form. The creation of this group led to the war in Yemen which is currently approaching its third year. The instability in the region has caused the rampant growth of terrorist organizations and the gradual relapse of economic and political proliferation. This conflict disguises a long-standing issue which is the competition between Iran and Saudi-Arabia for control of the peninsula; Iran backing al-Houthi and Saudi Arabia backing the Yemeni government. Neither side of this conflict shows any sign of surrendering to end the war. Therefore, to the delegates of the UN to face and succeed in their diplomatic endeavors to solve this issue.

    Every country in the UN is, at this point, heavily involved in attempting to resolve the issue of terrorism in the Middle East. Resolving the situation in Yemen would bring us one step closer to that goal. The UN must empower and enable each individual country to internally oppose terrorism. Yemen’s stability is not only crucial to ending a humanitarian crisis, but also uprooting one foothold of terrorism in the Middle East. Germany currently served a prominent role in negotiating the Iranian Nuclear Deal and is very willing to become a header in the mission to resolve military conflict and tensions in the Middle East. Germany also has a vested interest in establishing a solid trade network with Saudi Arabia. Although Germany is hesitant to sell weaponry to such a volatile region, Germany has aspirations to becoming one of Saudi Arabia’s strongest economic partners.

    Germany would call for an end to Saudi led air-strikes in Yemen as well as sale of arms from any country to either side in the war. Germany believes that the weaponry flowing into the region to aid in the war are not being put to proper use once relinquished to officials. The Saudis should relinquish their involvement in the war as should the Iranians; they should yield the responsibility of the situation to the UN. The UN should also adopt an obligation to personally attend to the care and protection of civilians and refuges in and around Yemen. So far, a solution has yet to prevent itself at the end of any sort of military path. If we are to come to a conclusion as a council, and it is imperative that we do, we must do so with unprecedented diplomatic rhetoric and zeal. The way to oppose the issue of terrorism in the Middle East is to focus on stability in one country at a time.

  • JaneJos
    JaneJos November 15, 2017 Reply

    Special Political and Decolonization Committee
    The Situation in Yemen
    Brazil
    Paul Janes
    Even before the war began in Yemen, the country was still in dire need of help. However now that there is a war raging in the country immediate action needs to be taken in order to mitigate the amount of damage done to the country. However despite this many countries are fueling the fire. Saudi Arabia and Iran decided to expand their issues into other countries, and because of this the war in Yemen may take a longer time to resolve than it should. Brazil frowns upon this conflict, and is looking to eliminate any involvement in it immediately.
    However despite this Brazil has been thrust into the spotlight in this conflict. Because Saudi Arabia used brazilian manufactures cluster munitions in this conflict many criticism have been directed towards Brazil. However Brazil frowns upon the use of these munitions in civilian populated areas, and if there is continued use of the munitions, Brazil will consider future action. If this means joining the Convention on Cluster Munitions, that is an option Brazil is willing to consider.
    Because of Brazil’s involuntary role in this conflict any immediate solution to this conflict would be received well by Brazil. Brazil is looking to be involved in a resolution that not only presents a solution to the conflict, but also immediately ends the use of these indiscriminate weapons. In addition Brazil is looking for a resolution that would end the involvement of terrorism in the conflict. Because of the dire situation an immediate solution would please Brazil, even if

  • Rajoulhc
    Rajoulhc November 15, 2017 Reply

    Special Political and Decolonization Committee
    The Situation in Yemen
    Qatar
    Celine Rajoulh

    With the lack of transportation infrastructure, poor sanitation, and malnutrition, Yemen’s humanitarian crisis is reaching a critical point. In just three months, cholera has killed nearly 2,000 people and infected more than a half million, one of the world’s largest outbreaks in the past 50 years. Without access to medical care, these situations will only worsen. Although the Yemeni government has cut relations with Qatar’s own government, the delegation is deeply saddened by the horrible conditions that Yemen’s citizens must struggle through.

    After the Houthi uprising in 2015, Saudi Arabia and other fellow members of the Gulf Cooperation Council have led a campaign to retaliate against them. The coalition is seeking to restore the internationally-recognized government of President Abd-Rabbu Mansour Hadi. Due to rising tensions in the region, Qatar recognizes that there is no true military solution to this humanitarian conflict and that the productive negotiations of the committee are influential to the success of restoring peace in Yemen. Qatar further acknowledges that an interventionist approach to the political unrest in Yemen will only prolong and worsen the current humanitarian crisis.

    Although political progress has been made through Security Council Resolution 2216, more needs to be done for the directly-affected Yemeni citizens. Qatar would look favorably upon a resolution that encourages a diplomatic solution and addresses the obstruction of humanitarian aid by the current government. The delegation proposes to implement a humanitarian response similar to the Yemen Humanitarian Response Plan released in February 2017, which revolves around the following strategic objectives: protection, life-saving assistance, and preservation.

  • Zheng
    Zheng November 15, 2017 Reply

    Special Political and Decolonization Committee
    The Situation in Yemen
    Thailand
    Alex Zheng

    From 2015 the Republic of Yemen has been trapped within a maelstrom of fear terror and war. During the first 18 months of the Yemen civil war over 10,000 men, women, and children lost their lives. The people of Yemen continue to suffer at the hand of both the Houthi forces as well as the supporters of Abd Rabbuh Mansur Hadi; with many citizens falling victim to attacks by both Al-Qaeda and the Islamic state (ISIS). Both sides, the Houthis and Abd Rabbuh Mansur Hadi have agreed to cease fires only to have betray each other.

    The significant loss of life, within the nation of Yemen is appalling. It is the duty of all civilized nations to help stall the bloodshed in Yemen. Both the Houthi forces as well as the supporters of Abd Rabbuh Mansur Hadi are responsible for much bloodshed. The Houthi forces are being accused of harboring terrorists, and the Saudi Arabia backed government has fired airstrikes on civilian targets. It is absolutely imperative for both sides to achieve a peaceful solution and stop any further bloodshed. A Saudi air strike on the capitol (august 23 2017) killed an estimated 71 civilians. With the death toll rising over 10,000 and over 40,000 injured over the first two years of the Yemen civil war; humanitarian aid is and should be a top priority of the Special Political and Decolonization Committee. Trucks carrying humanitarian aid like winter coats and blankets have been destroyed by suicide bombers and rocket attacks. It is vital for the survival of the Republic of Yemen to create a bilateral solution between both sides to establish a temporary cease fire at the least to deliver aid. As past experiences have demonstrated; cease-fires must be enforced or they will inevitably collapse. During a November 2016 two day cease fire, the peace broke down into violence as both sides blame the other for violating the peace.

    Thailand recommends that a cease fire be brokered for the purpose of delivering aid and evacuating wounded from war zones and their neighboring regions. Since the past cease fires have been futile due to distrust and hatred. For the cease fire to remain effective it must be enforced by a UN coalition peacekeeping force. The peacekeeping force must also only included countries neutral to the Yemen civil war.

  • Elliotsilk
    Elliotsilk November 15, 2017 Reply

    Special Political and Decolonization Committee (SPECPOL)
    Subject: The Situation in Yemen
    Country: Palestine
    Delegate: Elliot Silk
    School: The Roeper School

    Fellow Delegates,

    This crisis in Yemen is nothing to bat an eyelash at. It is the world’s largest humanitarian crisis today. More than 3,000,000 Yemeni’s have been forced to flee their homes due to living standards that are unacceptable for any being to inhabit. Sewage is poorly managed, causing a cholera outbreak as well as a raging war. Furthermore, 2 out of 3 Yemeni’s do not have access to clean water. On top of this, there are terrorist insertions in the northern part of Yemen. Every single aspect that was just discussed must be resolved immediately. The most obvious solution to this is to restore Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi’s government.

    Palestine supports the restoration of a sound government. Former leader Ali Abdullah Saleh had to give up power to Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi. Before any new policy could unfold, there were revolts, which formed two violent groups. Among this chaos, the nation of Iran began attempts to encroach on the Saudi Arabian boarders. In self-defense, Saudi Arabia formed a coalition in order to maintain the current state of the nation. Palestine is familiar with losing territory; therefore we fully support this effort by Saudi Arabia.

    In order to begin the solution, terrorist groups and those loyal to Saleh must lay down their arms immediately so Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi may take proper control of Yemen, as was intended. Next, UNICEF must continue to raise funds; however, this seems to be the only stable piece to this complex puzzle. Finally, Palestine believes that The Red Cross and more third-party organizations should get involved in order to assist in the cholera outbreak, contaminated water, and lack of resources.

  • CyanPile
    CyanPile November 15, 2017 Reply

    Special Political and Decolonization Committee
    The Situation in Yemen
    Laos
    Sam Shepich

    Yemen is facing what is referred to as the “largest humanitarian crisis in the world”. According to the UN Office for the Co-ordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), an estimated 18.8 million people – approximately 69% of Yemen’s population – are in need of humanitarian or protection assistance. 10.3 million of the aforementioned people are in need of immediate life-saving assistance. AS of January 2017, there are nearly 2 million displaced from their homes and 180,000 people who have fled the country. One of the largest issues is the acute malnourishment afflicted upon an estimated 500,000 children. Terrorist groups have taken advantage of this situation and have been recruiting in those areas. The leaders of both sides reuse to concede regardless of the innocent who are negatively impacted by this. Lao People’s Democratic Republic recognizes the severity of the issue and wishes to see this resolved in a diplomatic fashion.

    Laos expresses its sympathy towards Yemen as both countries have been assaulted by explosive devices in the past, Yemen by Al-Qaeda and Laos by the United States. Laos looks unfavorably upon any violence and promotes peace and prosperity between the two groups. However, due to the rising tension, Laos recognizes that there is no true military solution to this humanitarian conflict. The productive negotiations of the committee are influential to the success of restoring peace to Yemen.

    According to a BBC article, the UN’s appeal for $2.1 billion to allow it to assist 12 million people in Yemen was only 7% funded. Laos is willing to provide support both economically and resource-wise. Although political progress has been made through Security Council Resolution 2216, more needs to be done for the directly-affected Yemeni citizens. Laos would also look favorably upon any resolution that encourages a diplomatic solution and addresses the obstruction of humanitarian aid by the current government. The delegation proposes to implement a humanitarian response similar to the Yemen Humanitarian Response Plan released in February 2017, which revolves around the following strategic objectives: protection, life-saving assistance, and preservation. As a solution to the conflict, the restoration of the internationally-recognized government of President Abd-Rabbu Mansour Hadi would lead to the cessation of the violence.

  • Joeyvanboxtel
    Joeyvanboxtel November 15, 2017 Reply

    Special Political and Decolonization Committee
    The Situation in Yemen
    United States of America
    Joseph William Van Boxtel

    The situation in Yemen has been dire for the past couple years. Tension has existed since President Ali Abdullah Saleh agreed to hand over power to Abdrabbuh Mansour Hadi in 2012, months after the Yemeni people had been urging for a change of power in the regime. In the process, the Houthi Rebels — primarily consisting of Yemen’s Shia Muslim minority — took advantage of this change in power to assert control over northern regions such as the Saada province. Failure to compromise between these two parties has led to chaos. The Republic of Yemen is now facing both a humanitarian crisis with refugees and disease, but also political chaos and economic catastrophe. The international community has tried and failed three times to mediate peace in Yemen, first failing when the Gulf Co-operation Council tried to facilitate peace in 2012 during the change of power from Saleh to Hadi. Further, the May 2015 peace fire stopped the fighting for a mere four days, until on the fourth day of the truce fighting broke out in numerous governorates in southern Yemen. Finally, the Sultanate of Oman worked to broker peace in 2015 with the Omani Initiative, a seven point plan between Iran, who supports the shiite Houthi Rebels, and Saudi Arabia, who supports Hadi and the government. All three of these attempts for peace have failed to rectify the chaos in this region. And now the situation in Yemen is a bad as it has ever been, with the country facing the “fastest-growing chlorella epidemic ever recorded” and also the “world’s biggest food food emergency.” It is pivotal for the Special Political and Decolonization to address means to bring stability to Yemen and the Middle East as a whole.

    A leader in the efforts to bring peace and prosperity to the Middle Eastern region, the United States of America treats this crisis very seriously. With 3.1 million refugees displaced from their home and 60 percent of the population lacking food security, it is apparent that sufficient progress needs to be made to restore Yemen and its people. The United States of America is committed to aiding the Yemeni people and ridding their country of the rebels and terrorist organizations that seek to destroy it. On July 8, the United States announced an addition $639 million in new humanitarian funds to support emergency response in Yemen, particularly to combat food scarcity and malnutrition. This contribution makes the United States $1.8 billion of assistance the single largest humanitarian effort to counter this crisis. Additionally, we have taken measures to restore stability within the region as well as eliminate terrorists groups when United States Navy Seal Team 6 underwent “highly successful” missions, according to President Trump, in both January and May in order to gain intel and counteract the emergence of Al Qaeda in Yemen. Further, on November 13 the United States House of Representatives voted in favor of a bipartisan bill that calls on the United States and all its allies to “increase efforts to adopt all necessary and appropriate measures to prevent civilian casualties.” While we have previously supported Saudi Arabia with its efforts to support President Hadi against the Houthi Rebels and the Islamic Republic of Iran, the United States is now seeking a way to end this conflict without further warfare in order to end the humanitarian and refugee crisis as well as seeking efforts to reduce starvation and food scarcity in Yemen. Our dedication to increase humanitarian efforts within the region as well as our commitment to put our own troops at risk in order to counteract terrorism illustrate the United States’s commitment to stand against those who seek chaos and rebellion and stand with the government of Yemen.

    It is the United States responsibility as well as the United Nations to stabilize this precarious situation. In order to ensure proper humanitarian efforts being made, the United States urges that the United Nations forms a committee specifically dedicating its efforts to the aid of the Yemeni people as well as working to facilitate a deal between the Houthi rebels and the government. Further, it is imperative that this committee also discusses how to handle the situation between Saudi Arabia and the Islamic Republic of Iran; both taken significant positions against one another with the former in support of the government and the latter supporting the Houthi rebels. Peace is pivotal in order to end this humanitarian crisis. The only way for peace to be attained is the United Nations involvement in order to reduce the military conflict as well as raise proper funds so that the country may begin to heal both the economic and health crisis that persist.

  • NickL
    NickL November 15, 2017 Reply

    Oriental Republic of Uruguay
    Nick Leach
    Grand Blanc High School
    Special Political and Decolonization Committee
    The Situation in Yemen

    This whole conflict mainly started back in 2012, when former president Ali Abdullah Saleh agreed to transfer power over to Abdrabbuh Mansour Hadi, after months of protests by the Houthi movement. When Hadi came into power, he struggled to deal with many problems, including Al-Qaeda. the group took advantage by taking control of the northern saada province. Without coming to a compromise between the two, the county is left in a huge humanitarian crisis. Around 60 percent of the population lack food security. Many consider it the worst humanitarian crisis in the world. After two years of fighting, neither side appears close to a military victory. Meanwhile, the terrorist group, Al-Qaeda, has taken advantage of the conflict by seizing territory in the south. By March 2017, Around 4,700 civilians have been killed, and children have contributed to a third of all civilian deaths in just two years of fighting.

    The Oriental Republic of Uruguay has not been involved too much in the whole situation, but they have had a say on some things. For instance, the funeral for the Father of Yemeni Interior Minister was attacked by Saudi jets on October 8, 2016 in the capital of Sanaa. The Uruguayan representative for the UNSC called it a terrorist attack. Saying that the bombs couldn’t’ve been bought on the black market. And that the responsibility of the attack as born by the one who pushed the button and supplied the weapons.

    The Oriental Republic of Uruguay would like to have a solution where Saudi Arabia ceases firing missiles into Yemen. And start supplying food and medicine to citizens. And just helping the country in general, such as helping the economy, as it is in tatters. And help repair the cities as they have been damaged in protests and war. As well as organizing peace talks between the Government, the Houthi group, and Saudi Arabia. Because they all have to work together to fix Yemen and the huge humanitarian crisis. And also work out what to do with Al-Qaeda, as they have taken territory in the south, and they will continue to terrorize Yemen if they aren’t taken care of.

  • Danh-T
    Danh-T November 15, 2017 Reply

    Special Political and Decolonization Committee
    The Situation in Yemen
    Switzerland
    Tammy Danh
    Conflicts in Yemen have had devastating impacts on people, leading to one of the worst humanitarian crises in the world. The Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation aims to relieve the effects of the conflict through assistance in water, sanitation and hygiene, as well as the protection of civilians in Yemen. Keeping in mind that Yemen was already the poorest country in the Middle East prior to the conflict in 2015, Switzerland is setting examples of aiding the civilians and urges other countries to follow in our steps.
    Switzerland is alarmed by the casualties from the conflict in Yemen especially the death of more than 5,200 civilians from UN reports. Keeping in mind that the war of attrition has only increased the casualties of civilians, Switzerland condemns the widespread bombing of civilian areas from the Saudi intervention and urges countries to work towards a peaceful agreement. In addition, lack of access to fresh water is the biggest cause of malnutrition, morbidity and mortality in rural areas. The conflict that started in March 2015 has exacerbated the situation, leaving almost 19 million people in need.
    As a contracting party to the Geneva Conventions, Switzerland works to ensure the protection of civilians in armed conflicts. International humanitarian law limits the conduct of armed conflicts. The goal is to protect civilians and ensure that they can continue to exercise their rights. Switzerland works at the multilateral level to strengthen mechanisms for the effective protection of the civilian population. Switzerland’s humanitarian assistance not only addresses immediate needs, but also works on the sustainable use of limited water resources. We support multilateral organisations such as the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) and international NGOs to improve access to clean water and sanitation facilities. Swiss Humanitarian Aid Unit specialists are deployed to transfer skills on water management, prevention of waterborne-diseases and sustainable use of water. Switzerland seeks to protect women, children and other vulnerable groups in the midst of the war.
    People in Yemen suffer from the indiscriminate use of weapons that do not differentiate between civilians and combatants. Cluster munitions, drones and landmines have caused disproportionate loss of civilian life and property. The involvement of other states has become increasingly unnecessary. Saudi Arabia has led devastating attacks against the Houthis while Iran has assisted the Houthis in retaliation. In addition, the U.S supports the Saudi Arabia bombings in Yemen as opposed to the Soviets who are covertly advocating for the Houthis by televising the attacks. Switzerland recommends the involved states to withdraw their military involvement in Yemen and instead provide aid to the civilians who are at the center of the war. Switzerland has set this example by supporting the access to protection services for women, young people and internally displaced people, including shelter, counselling and health services. Switzerland continues to call on all parties to comply with international humanitarian law.

  • JakubRobbins
    JakubRobbins November 15, 2017 Reply

    Special Political and Decolonization Committee
    Situation in Yemen
    Burundi
    Jacob Robbins

    Throughout the history of Yemen, violence has always shown its ugly head. After President Ali Abdullah transferred leadership to Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi after an intense uprising, different religions has been the root of a weed of violence in Yemen. The Houthi movement, which gained the support of a number of Shia citizens, has since began setting up roadblocks in the city of Sana’a. After this development, the Houthi rebels have waged war against pro-government and Sunni separatist groups and attempted to gain control over the Gulf of Aden. This piece of land is key to the trade and well being of Yemen. If this violence is not stamped out, the unstable country threatens to suck surrounding countries into the vortex of perpetual violence that is Yemen.

    Although Burundi does not currently maintain a steady foreign relationship with Yemen, we do believe that the rebels in Yemen must be stopped. Just as the Tutsis in Burundi wage a senseless war against their government, the Houthi rebels in Yemen create unnecessary violence with government and Sunni groups. As diplomatic resolutions have failed in both Yemen and Burundi, Burundi has no choice to support an increased effort in the ending of the war. Violently if necessary. We fear that while sending in outside military forces may prolong and extend the violence, providing aid to the government of Yemen and Sunni groups may finally create an opportunity to the disgusting violence within Yemen.

    Burundi strongly condemns the Houthi rebel groups Yemen and is willing to provide financial aid to the Yemeni government and Sunni groups in order to put an end to the conflict in Yemen. The longer that the Houthi rebels remain active, ISIS, Boko Haram, Al Qaeda and other groups of the terrorist sort will only see an increase in support. The Special Political and Decolonization Committee must provide military and financial aid to the pro-Yemeni government groups in order to preserve the lives of those that remain during such a bloodshed, and the United Nations as a whole must set an example that the lives of the innocent must be preserved in times of such deadly affairs. Humanitarian aid must be delivered to the starving and homeless immediately to save more lives from being lost to this conflict, and military aid must be provided to prevent the creation of more starving and homeless in this time of need.

  • NickFord19
    NickFord19 November 15, 2017 Reply

    Special Political and Decolonization Committee
    The Situation in Yemen
    Philippines
    Nick Ford

    Yemen, one of the poorest countries in the Middle East, continues to face a humanitarian and political crisis. In 2012, after months of protest, President Ali Saleh agreed to hand over power to Abdrabbuh Hadi. The Houthi movement, after rebelling against the former president, took advantage of the new president’s inexperience to seize power in the northern Saada province. President Hadi heads south, away from the rebels, and gains the support of Saudi Arabia. The Yemeni Government and Houthi party’s unwillingness to compromise has left the people of Yemen critically lacking food security and 3.1 million people out of homes. Also, the warring parties have left the country in a state of political unrest with both of them struggling over dominance. Saudi Arabia has accused Iran of supporting the Houthi forces in Yemen, bringing two more countries into the fray. The United Nations has tried two times to facilitate peace talks between the Houthi rebels and Yemen’s current government.

    The Philippines believes that the crisis in Yemen should be resolved without entangling its neighboring countries. Saudi Arabia’s support of President Hadi and its baseless accusations perpetuates the internal conflict. The Philippines believes that both parties need to be heard to lead into a peaceful end of this conflict. This must take precedence because of the humanitarian risks occurring in Yemen. We have supported the UN’s previous two attempts in creating a peaceful solution to Yemen’s crisis. We understand that these two attempts failed, but the UN must press on to mend the crisis. The risks in Yemen are dire, and our own people are enduring it as well. The Philippines aims to protect those 1,600 Filipinos living abroad in Yemen.

    The Philippines wants to ensure the delivery of humanitarian and medical assistance to the people of Yemen. We believe that the UN should negotiate a peace agreement between the Houthis and the Yemeni government as a first step towards accomplishing this goal. This is to voice the opinions of the minority and majority in Yemen. Political stability through a peace treaty is required for the humanitarian efforts to truly reach all the people of Yemen.

  • Ethan
    Ethan November 15, 2017 Reply

    Country: Canada
    Committee: SPECPOL
    Topic: Situation in Yemen
    Delegate: Ethan Briggs
    School: Williamston High School

    For many years, Yemen, and its surrounding areas have been in a bloody war that has cost thousands of lives. After a dispute between a religious group of Shia Muslims and the government, fighting broke out between the two groups. After a while, to restore peace to the country, Saudi Arabia, along with other Arabian countries have intervened to stop the fighting, however progress has been slow. Along with the rise of a deadly virus, Yemen’s people have been staring into the face of death for a long time. Even after years of fighting, no end is in sight.
    As a longtime ally to Saudi Arabia, Canada has continued to support the Saudi Kingdom with small arms and vehicles help Saudi Arabia protect its citizens from threats both at home and abroad. Canada’s position in this, along with other countries, can be seen primarily as a spectator of the continuing conflict, with little to no influence on the region itself. Despite this, we want to help bring peace to the country, and have been reaching out to Saudi Arabia, along with other countries in order to help facilitate this. Canada hopes that this can help end the conflict in a peaceful manner.
    Canada would like to see countries that sell weapons and goods to countries in the conflict come together and reduce their sales as a whole. If countries are willing to do this, this group can work together to pay each other back, and bring peace to the war-torn country. We would also like to see some of the generals in the Saudi Arabian army be charged for their inhumane crimes against the people of Yemen. Canada hopes countries that supply weapons to either side of the conflict will help Canada in this attempt to bring peace to the region.

  • Normanj15
    Normanj15 November 15, 2017 Reply

    Special Political
    The Situation In Yemen
    Finland
    Jack Norman
    The current situation in Yemen is a very delicate one, on one hand the obvious route to Yemen’s stability is through the support of China and Saudi Arabia which although on the surface seems like a perfectly fine idea it is an extension of Chinese imperialism that will continue to upset the balance of power within the world, especially between the U.S, China and Russia. Finland is on board with the idea of an interconnected world in which countries support each other however the nature of China is to expand and conquer, they have a society and foreign policy system where there is almost always a winner and a loser. Yes, Yemen would gain stability however it is entirely probable that China would demand some sort of repayment for their actions. Finland believes in a market in which countries act together but maintain balance and do not lean too heavily on each other.

    As there is very little capacity in which the UN can actually act in this matter due to the fact that Yemen is attempting to gain internal stability so it is not only outside the authority of the UN to intervene but also a poor decision due to the fact that a country built from the outside will often fall apart when the outside authority is removed for instance South Africa.

    In conclusion Finland would recommend that the UN make itself known as a place of foreign aid and consultation but would advise against individual countries lending aid to Yemen to prevent an imbalance in global trade and the spread of imperialism.

  • Sam_noonan
    Sam_noonan November 15, 2017 Reply

    Special Political
    Situation in Yemen
    Azerbaijan
    Sam Noonan

    The Republic of Azerbaijan strongly believes that the humanitarian and political crisis in Yemen must be averted as quickly and effectively as possible. Such political instability poses a grave threat to civilians residing in the country, and these same civilians remain in need of international aid. Yemen has always been one of the poorest countries in the Arab world, and with the destabilization caused by the current conflict, the situation is more serious than ever. Up to 17 million (roughly 60 percent of the population) Yemeni citizens are food insecure, with 3.1 million internally displaced. 3.3 children and pregnant are acutely malnourished – an increase of 57 percent since 2015. The Republican of Azerbaijan stands by the belief that these civilians must be supported and supplied with the resources necessary to recover. The Yemeni government is in drastic need of humanitarian aid, and the continuous fighting further delays this. A resolution must be drafted as soon as possible to achieve peace and a united Yemen. Citizens stricken with disease and malnourishment require immediate international aid, and the Republic of Azerbaijan hopes that this committee will be able to reach a resolution that solves these humanitarian problems and reaches peace within the region. The Republic of Azerbaijan will support any resolutions that are able to provide relief and peace to Yemen.

  • avatar image
    Lexi Krumbach November 15, 2017 Reply

    Country: Denmark
    Committee: SPCPOL (GA)
    Topic:The Situation In The Central African Republic
    School: Williamston High School

    The most pressing issue relating to this topic is that the Central African Republic (CAR) is experiencing civil war with many groups fighting for control. Various peace agreements and peacekeepers have been reached but only for very short periods. Sometimes the peace agreements only last a matter of days. Groups, including the Seleka and Antibalaka have coordinated attacks on Bangui’s citizens and violence continues to escalate. Peacekeepers have grown in numbers from from 2,000 to 12,300 with support from a French-led mission. Violence and the threat of genocide have reached such epic proportions that the United Nations Undersecretary General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator sees warning signs of possible genocide.

    The Danish Honorary Consulate has visited the Central African Republic to offer aid and humanitarian support. The CAR has been labeled as being the worst place in the world to live. Denmark has been labeled the best place in the world to live. Denmark would like to improve the standard of living in the CAR. The factors being considered include education, sanitation, security, freedom, human rights and tolerance, among others. These are considered basic human rights in Denmark.The citizens of Denmark believe everyone deserves these basic human needs to be met.

    Education and resources will be important parts of the plan to help solve the problems in the Central African Republic. Basic needs of shelter, food, clean water and security must be provided to the citizens of the CAR. Denmark is willing to provide some of these resources but would like other countries around the world to also contribute.

  • HBishop
    HBishop November 15, 2017 Reply

    Special Political and Decolonization Committee
    Topic: The Situation in Yemen
    Harrison Bishop
    Republic of Chile

    The situation in Yemen is a considerable humanitarian disaster. There is an ongoing cholera outbreak with over 600000 confirmed cases, the worst in the world. There are millions of people without clean water or sufficient food, and hundreds of thousands that have been displaced. The delegate from Chile would like to continue Chile’s stance as stated in the 2015 resolutions demanding the end to violence in Yemen, as well as encouraging a resolution that would assist the people of Yemen more thoroughly, as well as further protecting hospitals and schools, which have suffered deadly attacks throughout the civil war due to their vulnerability.
    Chile also hopes that the committee will discuss a way to help limit Al-Qaeda’s activity in the region, which is only further destabilizing the nation and making attempts to resolve the conflict less likely to succeed. There is also the continued problems of nations in the region attempting to independently influence the outcome, including several operations led by Saudi Arabia that conflicted with international law, created difficulties providing humanitarian aid to civilians, and killed civilians. Chile would like to encourage that all countries in the coalition participating in these strikes to cease and be investigated for war crimes for their actions.
    Chile looks forward to working with our historical ally of Ecuador, as well as other friendly South American nations. Chile also hopes that the United Kingdom and our other European allies will assist us in this endeavor.

  • Sophiadevarenne
    Sophiadevarenne November 15, 2017 Reply

    Special Political and Decolonization Committee
    The Situation in Yemen
    Honduras
    Sophia Devarenne

    The struggle between the the internationally recognized government and the rebel forces has caused Yemen to fall into a dire political and humanitarian crisis. Over 2.4 million Yemenis have left thier hometowns to seek refuge elsewhere in the country. The people are plagued with a lack of shelter, food, and healthcare. Honduras recognizes the need to deccelerate the political tension and the need to protect the rights of the citizens.

    Despite recognizing the dreadful situation, Honduras has not participated in treaties or organizations concerning this issue due to preoccupation with problems in our own country. We do, however, acknowledge the need for international actions and commend the efforts of other nations to improve this situation. The security council has passed numerous resolutions concerning the political and humanitarian unrest, including Resolution 2216 and Resolution 2201. We hope these efforts for solutions can lead toward a future of peace for Yemen.

    Before we interfere with the political struggle in Yemen, we must look out for the suffering citizens. Honduras urges countries to provide aid by sending peace troops in to supply citizens with food and medecine to the areas most affected by the violence and sickness. Countries can contribute by providing either monotary aid for the supplies or manpower for the troops. We call all members to think of the helpless victims first.

  • Samwalls24
    Samwalls24 November 15, 2017 Reply

    Special Political
    Situation in Yemen
    Iceland
    Sam Walls

    The political and economic crisis ongoing in Yemen, both tragic and frankly disgusting, has plagued the country for nearly 6 years. Citizens have access to a measly 140 cubic meters of water per year, the middle eastern average being 1000, and the water table that is the main source of water is depleting quickly. Protests are occurring constantly throughout the North and South end regions of Yemen, and while Iceland is not directly affected by this conflict, we are in favor of controlling this internal conflict through our vote.

    The crisis as of now is not directly affecting Iceland, and we have no policies set in place that address it. As of now, there has been no direct relief hosted by Iceland either, however, Iceland will vote for any such proposition that benefits and instills peaceful intentions. Iceland will also offer to take in a reasonable amount of displaced persons from the country of Yemen, as should all the countries in this general assembly. Iceland is also in favor of providing resources, medical attention, and shelter to civilian families. Iceland also is in favor of ending the naval embargo the Saudi-led coalition has put in place, namely because imports of food are critical to the civilians.

    The general assembly should take great consideration in dealing with this crisis, and we hope to help pass a resolution that benefits those in most need and subdues it on some level.

  • Soroben
    Soroben November 15, 2017 Reply

    Ben Sorota
    Italy
    SPECPOL
    The Situation in Yemen

    Italy plans to help Yemen battle it’s problem with malnutrition. Our foreign minister already announced, “more than €1 million in emergency financial aid will be sent to Yemen to help combat malnutrition among children in the war-torn country”.

    Italy is currently working alongside Saudi Arabia to end the war in Yemen. We feel that we are deeply involved in finding a solution to the conflict. Italy thinks that, “There are no other means,” the other means cost much more, especially cost human lives … the main way out for the conflict for Italy is always the political negotiations. So on the base of the work of the UN resolution, the Kuwait negotiations and the GCC proposals”. Italy wants to find a way to end this war. We have been deeply involved before and have no plan in stopping. We hope that we can find a resolution to this conflict as soon as possible.

    In the past Italy has helped Saudi Arabia; however, we have sent money to Yemen to help them with another battle, malnutrition. This makes who we side with difficult because throughout our country there are many different opinions. In this case we feel that we should work along side with Saudi Arabia but do it in a peaceful way. We have never been close allies with Yemen which is another reason why Italy will probably not side with Yemen in this dilemma. However, we feel that the emergency aid needed in Yemen is a problem. This is why we have sent over emergency aid packages to help the children in Yemen.

    In conclusion, Italy feels that working alongside Saudi Arabia is the most beneficial way to resolve this problem. However, the issues with malnourishment in Yemen is also a big problem. “Yemen needs support to pay salaries of $2.6 billion, plus $2.95 billion to repay outstanding debts”. Italy plans on resolving this issue in the most peaceful way possible and plans to work with many of its allies.

  • Lochuno
    Lochuno November 15, 2017 Reply

    Country: Venezuela
    Committee: Special Political
    Topic: Situation in Yemen
    Delegate: Lochlyn Reed
    School: Williamston High School

    Yemen is in the midst of an extreme humanitarian crisis. In 2015, war erupted after the Shia Muslims rebelled against both president Ali Abdullah Saleh, and his successor Abdrabbuh Mansour Hadi. The Shia first obtained the Saada province, of which Hadi responded with coalition force in 2015. Lack of negotiation and excess violence between the forces have left behind a war-torn country in ruin and in need of serious aid. As a result of the war, much of the country’s infrastructure has been destroyed, leaving many without access to food and the medical aid needed to treat cholera. Earlier this year, the United Nations passed resolution 2342, which prohibits the sale of arms to individuals or groups designated by the Committee to be engaging in acts that threaten the peace, and security of Yemen. The 2016 UN HDR ranks Yemen 168th out of 188 for human development. As a committee, SPECPOL and Venezuela need to attempt to find the best solution to the humanitarian crisis.

    Venezuela has seen humanitarian crisis like this before. For years, Venezuela has been shipping in aid for those cut off from viable resources like food and water in the Gaza Strip and West Bank since Israel’s attack. However, this situation must be handled differently, as it can only be viewed as a proxy war between Israelis and Saudis. The Israelis have been an imperialistic force for a long time and must be put to a stop. Some say that Venezuela has no place in this argument as we too are in a humanitarian crisis; This is nothing but a lie and must be overlooked as Venezuela is a country committed to the positive outlook of Yemen.

    Venezuela believes that while the war crisis is one of importance, we also believe the crisis is one that should be handled by the country, and is overblown by most countries. Venezuela strives for a resolution to only support yemen in its own upbringing.

  • avatar image
    Humza Nadeem November 15, 2017 Reply

    Special Political Committee
    Situation in Yemen
    Argentina
    Humza Nadeem

    The situation in Yemen is one of the biggest humanitarian crisis in the world. One of the Middle East’s poorest countries, it’s only getting worse. The majority of Yemen’s population is in need of food and clean water and due to there being not much clean water there is one of the largest outbreaks of Cholera in centuries. This is all caused by a Civil War in the country where the Hadi government is just unstable and unable to handle problems. Such as the Al-Qaeda attacks, a seperatist movement in the south, corruption, and unemployment and food insecurity to name a few. Civilian infrastructure is being destroyed and citizens are in danger of death, disease, and starvation due to the war. We as the UN must work to send help to this country and develop a compromise between the two sides.

    Just like the situation in Israel and Palestine, the country of Argentina believes that the only way to solve this issue is have surrounding countries send aid to the civilians. They must not side with either government as this puts it in Saleh or Hudi’s mind that what they are doing is correct as other countries are siding with them. This is incorrect, this makes them more hungry for power. The real issue here is making sure the citizens of Yemen are taken care of. As the UN we can end any issue with the allied forces sent to stop all conflict immediately. That is not a problem. The problem we must solve first is the starvation, disease, and pain the citizens are expierencing. Argentina is fully prepared to spend money and people to help out as this isn’t to better us or anyone else. This is a humanitarian crisis.

    Argentina is greatly displeased at how the world just stands there and watches instead of being the one to go and help. We cannot be empathetic but sympathetic. It only takes one country to get others to join us. We want to be that country and save the people of Yemen from the war, the conflict, and the hunger. We must restore Yemen to its previous state and better it as a country. Clearly no one can come to an agreement as the war is still active. If we interefere(we being the UN) then they cannot fight us. They must listen to what we have to say and realize that while all this corruption and fighting is going on their people are dying, helpless. Argentina is very dedicated to making sure that this humanitarian crisis is solved and the issue is fixed.

  • avatar image
    Barry Crown November 15, 2017 Reply

    Committee: Special Political
    Country: Algeria
    Topic: The Situation in Yemen

    What’s happening to Yemen is disastrous; hurting millions of civilians and destroying the country. Algeria, not liking to stay idle, must, for the safety of our country.  As a growing country, we hope to push into the future with other countries in peaceful relationships to help benefit humanity. Our desire for a peaceful prosperous future can only be reached if the political powers waging war in Yemen seek peace with each other. Algeria feels that the powers in the middle east need to negotiate a peaceful resolution, backing out of the Yemen civil war which would help bring an end to it. If the major backers (Iran and Saudi Arabia) from the middle east stopped funding the civil war we believe the majority of Yemen’s residents would stop wanting to fighting, building hatred and return to a united Yemen. Algeria would like to urge wealthier countries to help Yemen’s famine. Algeria would be very willing to help in the negotiations between the two sides fighting in Yemen. The United Nations Algeria believes needs to take a firmer stand against this issue and help bring peace and aid to that area of the middle east. This would help the area a lot giving it more courage to help push the country forward which Yemen allies can’t do alone. Algeria hopes to go into the future without a famine and war hurting millions of people.

  • OliviaToth
    OliviaToth November 15, 2017 Reply

    November 14th, 2017
    SUBMITTED TO: SPECPOL
    FROM: Namibia
    SUBJECT: Yemen

    The situation in Yemen has been going on for years. Houthi rebels took over Sanaa, Yemen’s capital. Iran is assisting the Houthis. Yemen‘s president, Abd Rabbuh Mansur Hadi, is being backed by Saudi Arabian forces. Humanitarian aid is needed and necessary for the millions of citizens who are living in unstable and dangerous conditions. Help for Yemen, should be provided urgently.

    Namibia believes that humanitarian aid is important for Yemen. About 2 million Yemen children currently don’t have access to education. Many Yemen citizens are being forced to flee their homes. About 17 million Yemen citizens are food insecure, and about 14.4 million don’t have access to safe drinking water or sanitation. Many citizens including children are becoming malnourished, due to conflict in Yemen. It seems, in Yemen, things are only getting worse. More recently, a cholera outbreak has arisen amongst the already fragile Yemenis. These excruciating circumstances raise questions for committee. How can we stop the Houthis from taking over more cities? How can other nations provide aid that is feasible and substantial? How can other nations help provide a safe nation for the citizens of Yemen?

    Namibia believes that negotiations between all parties are necessary. The citizens as well as the greater good need to be prioritized. Currently Yemen citizens are suffering the effects of the civil war. It’s necessary to make peace in Yemen. The fighting needs to end. Nations should come together to separate forces in Yemen, and make it a peaceful place. Namibia looks forward to helping make Yemen a safe place for both its citizens, and tourists.

  • Celiamendoza
    Celiamendoza November 15, 2017 Reply

    Special Political Committee
    The Situation in Yemen
    Bhutan
    Celia Mendoza

    The tensions in Yemen add immensely to the already poor, still-developing country. The conflict is mainly between supporters of the handover of power to Abdrabbuh Mansour Hadi and those against, the Houthi rebellion movement. It began from the unstable transition in power which was meant to help Yemen, but instead only worsened the situation. However, the new head of power is not necessarily to blame. The Houthi movement took advantage of the weakness in the transition of power and took control of part of the state. The country is now divided by Houthi forces and the government under Hadi. With all the conflict going on, an increase in terrorism has come as well, with terrorists taking advantage of the chaos and attacking whenever possible. Bhutan has a very strong government, so will offer any assistance to the Hadi government.

    As a still quite isolated country, Bhutan does not have any relation with Yemen. It is also very difficult to send any sort of aid in the conflict, as Bhutan is a developing country as well. The revolutions in Bhutan, however, make for more experience and a better understanding of conflicts of power, such as the situation in Yemen. Bhutan is open to sending any resources possible to the Hadi government to help lull the uprisings occurring against it. Bhutan, being a monarchy, has a general inclination to help the side of governmental power, as it is the only side that is able to control a country at all. Dealing with terrorism has not ever posed an issue for Bhutan, so in that respect, a solution to the overwhelming terrorist attacks has not been a priority. Bhutan believes that solution will come with the return to a much stronger authoritative government.

  • ZoeAtkins
    ZoeAtkins November 15, 2017 Reply

    The situation in Yemen poses an immediate concern for all countries. The involved parties have indicated little intent to compromise or even seek a solution to the poverty, poor health, lack of infrastructure, overall suffering, and vast, increasing loss of life. As this is the case, the United Nations must be innovative. Efforts to provide resources are becoming too costly. With this and other factors in mind, Belgium encourages action within the Middle East itself, in addition to the efforts of international organizations. While Belgium is concerned for the wellbeing of the people in the affected region, due to our unsuccessful history of intervention within Arab communities, our contributions will be somewhat limited.

    There is no question that the help of the international community is badly needed. Belgium feels compelled to answer the call for help.
    Belgium would like to use this opportunity to find a more efficient and sustainable system to fund the current relief program. In addition, Belgium believes an agreement between the countries of the United Nations, that prevents the selling of weapons to any party even remotely involved in exacerbating the conflict is necessary. Knowing that the current and future involvement of the international community in providing to alleviate the issues plaguing Yemen cannot go on forever, Belgium hopes to support an initiative to form lasting peace negotiations. Lastly, we stand with the Netherlands, in support of the establishment of an official investigation conducted by the United Nations into the humanitarian crisis within Yemen. This is necessary in order to gain a more accurate picture of the situation itself and thus be able to better address it. The United Nations has a responsibility to intervene in Yemen, and Belgium is prepared to respond as necessary.

  • Charliesutton
    Charliesutton November 15, 2017 Reply

    Topic: The Situation in Yemen
    Committee: SPECPOL
    Country: The Kingdom of Spain
    Represented by: The Roeper School
    Submitted by: Charlie Louis Sutton IV

    Greetings fellow delegates. The Kingdom of Spain is honored to have the opportunity to work with dozens of other nations to reach ethical and viable solutions for the issues we face as a people. The situation in Yemen is currently the largest humanitarian crisis in the world. As such, the nation of Spain is heavily invested in improving the lives of those suffering in Yemen. The Kingdom of Spain is eager to accelerate and intensify the humanitarian efforts of the United Nations. Our main goal is to restore and develop infrastructure and generally improve the stability in Yemen.

    Between outright war, lack of food security, and the general problems that arise in an impoverished country; Yemen has quickly taken the spotlight within the United Nations. So far, any attempts to rectify the political turmoil within Yemen have failed. The feud between the Houthi rebels and the Yemeni government continues to intensify.

    The Kingdom of Spain would like to be as blunt as possible. People are dying, and there is no end in sight. We will offer aid and attempt to create balance within this nation. There is no time to waste. Spain will actively seek a route to peace and stability. Our plan for assisting Yemen is primarily focused on developing infrastructure and providing the basic necessities the people of this war-torn country so desperately need. Further attempts to quell the conflict between the Houthi and the Yemeni government are implicit within our mission. The time to help is now—Spain will not wait.

  • Jackrstarling
    Jackrstarling November 15, 2017 Reply

    Country : Kingdom of Cambodia
    Committee : Special Political
    Topic Area : The Situation in Yemen
    Delegate : Jack Starling

    Yemen is one of the world’s poorest countries, and in early 2015, the country’s problems came to a head. Following the transfer of power from Yemen’s former president, Ali Abdullah Saleh, to a yemeni politician, Abdrabbuh Mansour Hadi, many protests took place. The main group of protesters, the Shia muslims, used the fickle political state of Yemen to take control of the Saada territory. This conflict has left Yemen’s citizens in a state of humanitarian crisis. The yemeni people are displaced from their homes and a major percent of the country lacks enough food to survive. This humanitarian problem is horrible, and Cambodia would like to try to pass a resolution that relieves the displaced and hungry people from their strife.

    The Kingdom of Cambodia, purely on an ethical stance, feels that it has an obligation to help the starving people of Yemen. The Yemeni people’s basic human needs and rights are not being respected, and Cambodia would like to put an end to the people’s suffering. The Kingdom of Cambodia also has a personal interest in ending this conflict. Eight Cambodian students had to be evacuated after being stuck in Yemen due to the conflict. Cambodia wants to put an end to this situation to stop this from happening to other people as well.

    The Kingdom of Cambodia urges countries to help find a way to put an end to this useless conflict. Increased war efforts may be the only way to calm the rebels. Although there were changes that needed to take place, a revolt only endangered the lives of many other innocent people. The Shia rebels should pay for their crimes and countries should come together to help reconstruct Yemen for the innocent bystanders.

  • Mtomaszewski
    Mtomaszewski November 15, 2017 Reply

    Special Political and Decolonization Committee
    The Situation in Yemen
    The Republic of Uganda
    Matthew Tomaszewski

    The civil war in Yemen has brought conflict not only in between the fighting parties in Yemen, but also in between the countries of the middle east, which are taking sides. The Houthi Rebels, allegedly backed by Iran, have seized Taiz, the capital of Yemen, and are trying to overthrow the power of Yemen’s president, Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi, by a coup d’état. This illegitimate rise to power has been met with military opposition which is strongly backed by Saudi Arabia. Unfortunately, the conflicting parties have inflicted damage to many civilian areas and ravaged the lives of many innocents. 100,000 Yemenis have been dislocated and more than 10 million Yemenis do not have substantial access to food. Therefore, the reign of the Houthi Rebels must be ended in order to put a stop to the massive humanitarian crisis.

    As a fellow country under the aid of the Norwegian Refugee Council, The Republic of Uganda understands that the Yemeni People need assistance. Efforts to lend humanitarian aid to the Yemeni people have been partially successful, however some areas are more difficult to assist due to the conflict. In addition we believe that the war must be resolved in order end this humanitarian crisis. Although Saudi Arabia bombings have injured countless civilians, the Republic of Uganda supports the Saudi Arabian backed forces loyal to Yemen’s rightful president Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi. These forces, backed by Saudi Arabia and a few other Middle Eastern countries, are fighting to remove the heinous Houthi Rebels from Yemen to reestablish order, which is one of the first steps that can be taken to improve the standard of living for the Yemeni people.

    The Republic of Uganda proposes to the Special Political and Decolonization committee to draft a ceasefire agreement. This ceasefire agreement will create a temporary border between the lands currently under control of either side of the civil war. Previous ceasefire agreements in Yemen have proven to be unsuccessful, so this agreement will be enforced by a UN coalition peacekeeping force composed of neutral countries that have not taken a side in the Yemen civil war. The ceasefire would take effect in order to more easily deliver humanitarian aid and to help rebuild civilian establishments. In addition, Uganda recommends that civilians living in combat zones are assisted in relocating to safer sanctuary zones. This will allow for the lives of many Yemeni civilians to be saved and will lead to the end of this humanitarian crisis.

  • Connor.hav7
    Connor.hav7 November 16, 2017 Reply

    Country: The Democratic People’s Republic of Korea
    Committee: SPECPOL
    Topic: The Situation in Yemen
    Delegate: Connor Havenaar

    The Democratic People’s Republic of Korea’s stance on the situation in Yemen.

        The Democratic People’s Republic of Korea finds the situation in Yemen not all that pressing. Yes, it is an issue, but is it something that requires worldly action? If you can’t get your own house in order then you needn’t statehood. Let those with the means rule, simply put.

        I know what every single person here is thinking. The delegate from the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea claims to have the best biscuits and gravy in southwest michigan. Yeah, it’s true. Here’s the recipe, without giving away the special touch. One can of jumbo buttermilk biscuits. One packaged sausage roll, Jimmy Dean’s works. One third a cup of flour, to coat the meat after cooked, and three cups of milk. Then add black pepper throughout the process for taste, salt also works but I prefer not. That’s how it’s done.

        And so thusly, the situation in Yemen is a non-global issue. Sure, my country has sent missiles over there before, but we do strongly believe, national sovereignty is complete power, and complete responsibility within your own borders. If you can’t handle that, then someone else surely will be able to.

  • NatalieHoward
    NatalieHoward November 16, 2017 Reply

    Special Political and Decolonization Committee
    The Situation in Yemen
    The United Kingdom
    Natalie Howard

    The situation in Yemen has been relevant for years. The rise of a new president has allowed rebels to take control of the northern Saada province of Yemen. This disruption has erupted into a full-on war in Yemen. As a result, millions of Yemen’s citizens are forced to leave their homes to seek refuge. The rapid movement of Yemen’s people has caused an economic and political imbalance in both Yemen and surrounding nations. The war in Yemen is now approaching its 3rd year, it is painfully clear a solution is in dire need.

    The United Kingdom looks upon this issue with sorrow. We are pained by the loss of so many lives and fear for the safety and security of the citizens of Yemen. in recent years the United Kingdom has done its best to direct political attention to this issue. However, we recognize that many of our citizens are unaware of this conflict. We hope that through a resolution we can work on spreading the word to as many people as possible, in order to increase support monetary and political support for this issue.

    To combat the issue in Yemen the United Kingdom hopes we are able to achieve a solution that provides safety for those currently in Yemen and those who have chosen to leave. We would like to see the implementation of refugee camps where citizens fleeing Yemen can go to seek shelter and aid. Furthermore, the United Kingdom sees provided safe and accessible water a pressing issue in the region. Yemen is currently experiencing one of the worst reported cases of cholera in the world. Simple solutions like this to a much larger problem should not be overlooked by the committee. The United Kingdom hopes that all members of the committee can collaborate to form a chosen solution that fixes the problem today and can support Yemen in the future. We look forward to working with any delegations willing to help and we hope for the brightest solution.

  • avatar image
    Tariq Jones November 16, 2017 Reply

    Topic: The situation in Israel/Palestine
    Committee: SpecPol
    Country: Estonia
    School: Grand Blanc High school
    Delegate: Tariq Jones

    Topic Background:Yemen, a country which has long been in a condition of poverty, and thus in harsh times for a while. However, in recent years their situation has worsened due to an ongoing war tearing the nation apart. A war between two other parties that have fought for control ever since the resignation of the former president under protest, who have hove bombed and starved this incredibly poor nation to continue their war.

    Past UN Actions: The UN has seeked to improve conditions within Yemen but hasn’t been able to do anything in terms of ending the war. And has effectively been blocked from addressing the true issue in Yemen. Not even motioning to tear down the blockade.

    National Policy: Estonia supports the actions the UN has taken thus far and has not claimed any position about the war in progress there. Instead the actions taken to improve to living conditions in Yemen are supported due to to constant human rights violations that occur there in terms of starvation and life-long poverty.

    Solution: The Un should continue its actions that it has taken so far to improve conditions in Yemen. As well as disable the harsh borders which prevent resources from being easily transported to the heart of the nation who needs them. Ridding Yemen of these borders means that the situation there will be much easier to sort out on a human rights front. And in concerns to the war and its continuation, Estonia will support actions taken by the UN to peacefully resolve the conflict without sending more military force through the already destroyed Yemen.

  • DiegoMayenBosch
    DiegoMayenBosch November 16, 2017 Reply

    Committee: Special Political and Decolonization
    Topic: Situation in Yemen
    Delegation: Semi-Presidential Constitutional Republic of Ukraine

    The Ukrainian delegation is deeply concerned on the non-stop violence and increasing tension within the Republic of Yemen. As we know, this conflict core relay, firstly, as the warlike disputes between different parties has extended to neighbor nations. For example the Saudi Arabia-led coalition that continues to bombard Yemen in an effort to stop the advance of an Iran-backed Shiite militia there.
    Secondly, due to the terrorist organizations, such as AQAP, which keep inflicting fear on the Yemeni population and represent a threat to the global community. Disregarding the importance of the dispute between ethnical groups, in the territory previously mentioned.
    Lastly, the Ukrainian delegation is highly worried about the implications that, the conflict in hand, may have on the Bab al-Mandab strait, due to its importance for international commerce, especially regarding the distribution of oil from the Red Sea towards the Gulf of Aden, one of the most important oil shipments pass in the world.
    Therefore, this delegation is most concerned on the urgent need for this committee to find a conclusion for the conflict in hand thorough a sustainable political solution.
    Conducive to achieving such a solution, the delegation of Ukraine encourages all nations congregated in this committee to find the way through which we can properly deliver commercial and humanitarian supplies, which are of undisputable need for the population in suffering; as well as, the blockade of weaponry supplied for the radical groups in conflict who terrorize Yemen.

  • DiegoMayenBosch
    DiegoMayenBosch November 16, 2017 Reply

    Delegate: Diego Mayén Bosch

  • DiegoMayenBosch
    DiegoMayenBosch November 16, 2017 Reply

    Diego Mayén Bosch

  • 07581
    07581 November 16, 2017 Reply

    Topic: The Situation in Yemen
    Committee: SpecPol
    Country: Greece
    School: Vicksburg High school
    Delegate: Dylan Haywood

    As the chosen Delegate of the nation of Greece, the nation of Greece believes that the current situation in Yemen calls for diplomatically assisting the people and nation of Yemen to help create a more stable and democratic nation. While the nation of Greece isn’t necessarily in favor of solving such a problem with military intervention to support one side, we are in favor of the brokerage and peaceful resolution between the Hadi government of Yemen, and the Houthi Rebel fighters.
    Greece believes that at this current time, a ceasefire is in order to bring down tension between the (pro-Hadi government) Saudi-led coalition, and the Houthi rebels. Once this is accomplished the talks of creating a peaceful, stable, and sustainable government, should gradually be worked on in order to end this conflict. We would support the use of UN forces to keep the region stable and assist in regulating and sustaining a ceasefire.
    The nation of Greece also concerned with the growing number of homeless and destitute Yemenis, is able and willing to offer refuge from this conflict until peace is restored, and we would also encourage other nations such as Germany, France, and others of the European Union to assist in these efforts. In terms of non-refugees, we are also willing to assist by sending supplies such as clean drinking water, food, and workers to assist in the distribution and organization of these vital resources, and again encouraging other countries to assist. And with luck, civilian fatalities will be kept to a minimum for as long as the nation of Yemen is in turmoil.

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